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Mineral Oils: Processes And Products > Products And Compositions

Products And Compositions

Products And Compositions patent applications listed include Date, Patent Application Number, Patent Title, Patent Abstract summary and are linked to the corresponding patent application page.

09/18/14 - 20140262937 - Partial upgrading process for heavy oil and bitumen
A bitumen and heavy oil upgrading process and system is disclosed for the synthesis of hydrocarbons, an example of which is synthetic crude oil (SCO). The process integrates Fischer-Tropsch technology with gasification and hydrogen rich gas stream generation. The hydrogen rich gas generation is conveniently effected using singly or in...

07/24/14 - 20140202923 - Methods and compositions for removing phosphorous-containing solids from hydrocarbon streams
A demulsifying agent may be added to a hydrocarbon stream in an effective amount where the hydrocarbon stream includes a plurality of phosphorous-containing solids. The demulsifying agent may be added to the hydrocarbon stream at a location that is upstream from a desalter. The demulsifying agent may water-wet at least...

06/19/14 - 20140166537 - Methods and compositions for removing solids from hydrocarbon streams
A demulsifying agent may be added to a hydrocarbon stream in an effective amount where the hydrocarbon stream includes a plurality of solids. The demulsifying agent may be added to the hydrocarbon stream at a location that is upstream from a desalter. The demulsifying agent may water-wet at least a...

06/05/14 - 20140151265 - Catalyst for use in production of saturated hydrocarbons from synthesis gas
A catalyst composition is provided for use in the conversion of carbon oxide(s) to saturated hydrocarbons. The catalyst composition comprises a carbon oxide(s) conversion catalyst; and a dehydration/hydrogenation catalyst comprising a silicoalumino phosphate (SAPO) molecular sieve and a metal M, for example Pd. In one embodiment, the target saturated hydrocarbons...

04/24/14 - 20140110305 - Method and composition for enhanced hydrocarbon recovery
The invention relates to a method of treating a hydrocarbon containing formation, comprising: (a) providing a composition to at least a portion of the hydrocarbon containing formation, wherein the composition comprises an anionic surfactant based on an alkoxylated primary alcohol having a branched aliphatic group, which group has an average...

04/17/14 - 20140102943 - Relating to coal to liquid processes
A method of increasing the hydrogen/carbon monoxide (H2/CO) ratio in a syngas stream derived from a carbonaceous fuel including coal, brown coal, peat, and heavy residual oil fractions, preferably coal. The fuel-derived syngas stream is divided into at least two sub-streams, one of which undergoes a catalytic water shift conversion...

04/03/14 - 20140091008 - Process for removing naphthenic acids from crude oil and crude oil distillates
The present invention relates to a process for the removal of naphthenic acids from crude oils and crude oil distillates by use of supported basic ionic liquids....

03/27/14 - 20140083904 - A process for preparing a cobalt - containing hydrocarbon synthesis catalyst precursor
A process for preparing a cobalt-containing hydrocarbon synthesis catalyst precursor includes calcining a loaded catalyst support comprising a catalyst support supporting a cobalt compound. The calcination includes heating the loaded catalyst support over a heating temperature range of 90° C. to 220° C. using (i) one or more high heating...

12/26/13 - 20130341241 - Process for prediciting the stability of crude oil and employing same in transporting and/or refining the crude oil
A process for refining crude oil can be controlled to mitigate fouling by deploying a refractive index probe at a location suitable for making a crude oil stability determination, wherein the crude oil stability determination is relevant to controlling the refining process; making a measurement of crude oil stability; and...

12/26/13 - 20130341242 - Preparation of iron/carbon nanocomposite catalysts for fischer-tropsch synthesis reaction and related production of liquid hydrocarbons
Iron/carbon (Fe/C) nanocomposite catalysts are prepared for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction. A preparation method includes steps of mixing iron hydrate salts and a mesoporous carbon support to form a mixture, infiltrating the iron hydrate salts into the carbon support through melt infiltration of the mixture near a melting point of the...

12/19/13 - 20130334097 - Nanocatalysts for hydrocracking and methods of their use
Novel catalysts comprising nickel oxide nanoparticles supported on alumina nanoparticles, methods of their manufacture, heavy oil compositions contacted by these nanocatalysts and methods of their use are disclosed. The novel nanocatalysts are useful, inter alia, in the upgrading of heavy oil fractions or as aids in oil recovery from well...

12/05/13 - 20130319908 - Method for converting hydrocarbon feedstock comprising a shale oil by hydroconversion in an ebullating bed, fractionation by atmospheric distillation and hydrocracking
Method and plant for converting hydrocarbon feedstock comprising a shale oil, comprising a step of hydroconverting in an ebullating bed, a fractionation into a light fraction, a naphtha fraction, a gas-oil fraction and a fraction heavier than gas-oil, the naphtha and gas oil fraction being hydrotreated, the fraction heavier than...

11/28/13 - 20130313159 - Process for improving aromaticity of heavy aromatic hydrocarbons
A process for producing paraffin extracted clarified slurry oil (raffinate) with improved aromaticity from the feed stock such as clarified slurry oil (CSO) is provided. The obtained paraffin extracted clarified slurry oil with improved aromaticity is suitable for a variety of industrial applications. For example, it can be used as...

09/12/13 - 20130233764 - Upgrading hydrocarbon pyrolysis products
The invention relates to upgraded pyrolysis products, processes for upgrading products obtained from hydrocarbon pyrolysis, equipment useful for such processes, and the use of upgraded pyrolysis products....

08/22/13 - 20130213857 - Solvent extraction process for removal of naphthenic acids and calcium from low asphaltic crude oil
The present disclosure provides a process for obtaining extracted crude oil (ECO) which is substantially free of naphthenic acids, calcium and other impurities from low asphaltic crude oils or their residue fractions by preferential extraction of saturates using at least one solvent....

08/15/13 - 20130206642 - Integrated process for upgrading heavy oil
The invention provides an integrated process for processing heavy oil, wherein the integrated process at least comprises: solvent deasphalting is carried out for heavy oil material, and de-oiled asphalt phase is mixed with dispersing agent and then entered a thermal cracking reactor to undergo thermal cracking reactions. Upgraded oil can...

06/27/13 - 20130161232 - Processing of dielectric fluids with mobile charge carriers
Provided herewith is a novel method of controllably processing a dielectric fluid by creating discharges within the dielectric fluid from mobile charge carriers contained within the dielectric fluid. Generally, the dielectric fluid and the mobile charge carriers are between two electrodes which apply a voltage to the charge carriers. In...

06/27/13 - 20130161233 - Blending hydrocarbon streams to prevent fouling
A method of reducing the fouling propensity of a hydrocarbon feed stream having a Total Base Number based on ASTM method D2896-11 of less than 150 ppm and/or a P-value according to ASTM method D7060-09 of less than 1.15 which method comprises processing the feed stream such that the product...

05/16/13 - 20130118951 - Method for predicting catalyst performance
Disclosed herein is a method involving the steps of: (a) precipitating an amount of polyaromatic compounds from a liquid sample of a first hydrocarbon-containing feedstock having solvated polyaromatic compounds therein with one or more first solvents in a column; (b) determining one or more solubility characteristics of the precipitated polyaromatic...

04/11/13 - 20130087480 - Removing amines from hydrocarbon streams
Corrosive amine salts in hydrocarbon streams such as desalted crude oil streams can be prevented or avoided by adding certain amine scavenging chemicals to the streams to remove the amines therefrom. Suitable amine scavengers include, but are not necessarily limited to, carboxylic anhydrides and copolymers of carboxylic anhydrides, aromatic anhydrides,...

03/14/13 - 20130062249 - Method for processing heavy hydrocarbon oil
A process for treating hydrocarbon oil including passing heated oil through a cavitation apparatus to statically induce cavitation treatment of the oil. The oil is passed through the cavitation apparatus in the absence on non-hydrocarbon oil substances such as hydrogen, water or other organic materials and solvents. The cavitation treatment...

11/29/12 - 20120298551 - Fischer-tropsch catalyst activation procedure
A Fischer-Tropsch catalyst activation system including separation apparatus configured for separating a product gas comprising primarily hydrogen from a gas stream comprising hydrogen, an activation reactor fluidly connected with the separation apparatus via an activation gas inlet line whereby the product gas may be introduced into the activation reactor, and...

10/04/12 - 20120248007 - Wet-end manufacturing process for bitumen-impregnated fiberboard
A process for manufacturing fiberboard by preparing a fiber slurry mixture including containing cellulose fibers and water then atomizing a liquid bituminous material, such as asphalt. The liquid bituminous material is atomized by mixing it with a pressurized gas, such as compressed air, forming a mist comprising droplets of bituminous...

07/12/12 - 20120175285 - Catalysts, preparation of such catalysts, methods of using such catalysts, products obtained in such methods and uses of products obtained
Method of contacting a hydrocarbon feed with a catalyst that includes one or more metals from Column 6 of the Periodic Table and/or one or more compounds of one or more metals from Column 6 of the Periodic Table and a support. The support comprises from 0.01 grams to 0.2...

06/28/12 - 20120160736 - Processes and systems for characterizing and blending refinery feedstocks
A method for characterizing and optimizing refinery feedstock blends according to their corrosivity is provided. Refinery feedstocks can be characterized based on any of: dissociation of acids in the crude, breakup of naphthenic acid molecular associations, mass changes of carbon steel samples, and/or dissociation of sulfur compounds in the feedstocks....

06/28/12 - 20120160737 - Process
The present invention provides a process for simultaneously extracting and upgrading a heavy hydrocarbon mixture, said process comprising: i) injecting supercritical or near-supercritical CO2 at a temperature of around the critical temperature and a pressure of from around the critical pressure into a heavy hydrocarbon deposit; and ii) removing a...

05/31/12 - 20120132563 - Increasing distillates yield in low temperature cracking process by using nanoparticles of solid acids
Solid acid nanoparticles are added to crude oil before initial distillation in order to increase the yield of light hydrocarbons obtained during initial distillation. According to one aspect, nanoparticles of a solid acid of a characteristic particle size are added to crude oil before initial distillation in order to increase...

05/31/12 - 20120132564 - Process for removing organic acids from crude oil and crude oil distillates
The present invention relates to a process for the removal of organic acids, particularly naphthenic acids, from crude oils and crude oil distillates by use of a supported basic ionic liquid in a mass ratio of crude oil and/or crude oil distillate and ionic liquid of from greater than 40:1,...

02/23/12 - 20120043256 - Method of injecting solid organic acids into crude oil
Solid organic acids may be introduced into hydrocarbon solvents to form dispersions; the dispersions in turn may be introduced into crude oil. A wash water may be added to the crude oil to create an emulsion. The organic acids may transfer metals and/or amines from a hydrocarbon phase into an...

02/09/12 - 20120031810 - Removing amines from hydrocarbon streams
Corrosive amine salts in hydrocarbon streams such as desalted crude oil streams can be prevented or avoided by adding certain amine scavenging chemicals to the streams to remove the amines therefrom. Suitable amine scavengers include, but are not necessarily limited to, carboxylic anhydrides and copolymers of carboxylic anhydrides, aromatic anhydrides,...

02/02/12 - 20120024748 - Fluidized catalytic cracking process
The present invention further relates to fluidized catalytic cracked product obtained by the process of the present invention. The sulfur content of the fluidized catalytic cracked product mainly gasoline which is boiling in the range of C5-250° C. reduced by more than 20% (wt/wt). And Research Octane number of the...

01/19/12 - 20120012503 - Process for treating a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock and a product obtained therefrom
A process for treating a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock is disclosed. The process involves separating the feedstock into a residue component and a light component, the residue component having a lower API gravity than the light component and treating at least a portion of the light component to produce a synthetic...

01/12/12 - 20120006720 - Method for upgrading ft synthesis oil, and mixed crude oil
A method for upgrading a synthesis oil synthesized by the Fisher-Tropsch synthesis reaction, the method includes: a hydroisomerization step of hydroisomerizing the synthesis oil to remove alcohols and olefins, and converting at least a portion of normal paraffins with a carbon number of 5 or more into isoparaffins to obtain...

11/10/11 - 20110272325 - Formulations and methods for removing hydrocarbons from surfaces
The invention provides formulations for facilitating the removal of oil from a surface using a chisel composition, wherein the chisel composition includes a polymer having one or more binding points with a high affinity for the surface, and one or more hydrophilic segments that form a hydrophilic coating on the...

10/27/11 - 20110259791 - Process for treating a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock to reduce its viscosity
A process for reducing the viscosity a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock, comprising: supplying the heavy hydrocarbon feedstock and elemental sulphur to a reaction zone and reacting, in the liquid phase, at a temperature in the range of from 300 to 750° C., a part of the heavy hydrocarbon feedstock with the...

10/06/11 - 20110240517 - Treated oils having reduced densities and viscosities
A treated oil, such as a treated heavy oil, which has a viscosity which is lower than the viscosity of the oil prior to the treatment thereof (i.e., the initial oil). The temperature at which 80 mass % of the treated oil has boiled is within 25° C. of temperature...

09/01/11 - 20110210043 - Crude product composition
A crude product composition is provided. The crude product composition contains from 0.001 wt. % to 5 wt. % residue. The crude product composition contains hydrocarbons having a boiling point in the ranges of at most 204° C., from 204° C. to 300° C., from 300° C. to 400° C.,...

08/11/11 - 20110192762 - Crude product composition
A crude product composition is provided comprising hydrocarbons that have a boiling range distribution between about 30° C. and 538° C. (1,000° F.) at 0.101 MPa, the hydrocarbons comprising iso-paraffins and n-paraffins with a weight ratio of the iso-paraffins to n-paraffins of at most 1.4....

08/11/11 - 20110192763 - Crude product composition
The present invention is directed to a crude composition comprising hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of from 30° C. to 538° C., the crude composition having, per gram of crude composition, from 0.01 grams to 0.2 grams of hydrocarbon having a boiling range distribution of at most 204° C.,...

08/04/11 - 20110186477 - Hydrocarbon composition
at least 0.0005 gram of nitrogen per gram of the composition, wherein at least 30 wt. % of the nitrogen in the hydrocarbon composition is contained in nitrogen-containing hydrocarbon compounds having a carbon number of 17 or less as determined by GC-GC nitrogen chemiluminscence....

08/04/11 - 20110186478 - Process for producing needle coke for graphite electrode and stock oil composition for use in the process
The invention provides a stock oil composition for needle coke for a graphite electrode, the stock oil composition having a 10 vol % distillation temperature of 280° C. or higher as the distillation property, and when separated into the aromatic component and non-aromatic component by elution chromatography, having an aromatic...

08/04/11 - 20110186479 - Crude product composition
The present invention is directed to a crude product composition comprising hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of from 30° C. to 538° C., the crude product composition having, per gram of crude product composition, from 0.01 grams to 0.2 grams of hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of at...

07/21/11 - 20110174681 - Hydrocarbon composition
wherein the composition contains aromatic hydrocarbons including mono-aromatic hydrocarbons, di-aromatic hydrocarbons, and polyaromatic hydrocarbons, where the combined mono-aromatic hydrocarbon compounds and di-aromatic hydrocarbon compounds are present in a weight ratio relative to the polyaromatic hydrocarbon compounds of at least 1.5:1.0....

05/26/11 - 20110120908 - Hydroconversion process for heavy and extra heavy oils and residuals
A hydroconversion process includes feeding a heavy feedstock containing vanadium and/or nickel, a catalyst emulsion containing at least one group 8-10 metal and at least one group 6 metal, hydrogen and an organic additive to a hydroconversion zone under hydroconversion conditions to produce an upgraded hydrocarbon product and a solid...

05/12/11 - 20110108456 - Additives to enhance metal and amine removal in refinery desalting processes
It has been discovered that metals and/or amines can be removed or transferred from a hydrocarbon phase to a water phase in an emulsion breaking process by using a composition that contains water-soluble hydroxyacids. Suitable water-soluble hydroxyacids include, but are not necessarily limited to glycolic acid, gluconic acid, C2-C4 alpha-hydroxy...

02/17/11 - 20110036750 - Composition comprising peroxygen and surfactant compounds and method of using the same
The present invention relates generally to an additive composition for dissolving hydrocarbons. The composition includes a peroxygen compound and surfactant compounds....

01/20/11 - 20110011768 - Process and apparatus for converting high boiling point resid to light unsaturated hydrocarbons
A process and apparatus process for preparing a resid-containing hydrocarbon feedstock for use in a regenerative pyrolysis reactor, comprising (a) feeding a resid-containing hydrocarbon feedstock to a thermal cracking unit; (b) thermally cracking at least about 60 wt. % of said resid having a boiling point of at least 565°...

01/13/11 - 20110005968 - Coking process additives and related processes
This invention relates to coking process additives and, related processes, such as upgrading heavy hydrocarbons, producing petroleum coke and lighter hydrocarbon products, and/or thermally cracking heavy hydrocarbons. The additive includes an anionic clay to increase a liquid product yield. Suitable anionic clays may include hydrotalcite materials and hydrotalcite-like materials....

01/13/11 - 20110005969 - Compositions and processes for fracturing subterranean formations
The present invention is directed to novel additives packages, to fluid compositions including the additives, to methods of using the fluid compositions and the additives package, to methods of recovering hydrocarbons, and to petroleum products made from hydrocarbons derived from these methods. The novel additives packages may be used in...

12/30/10 - 20100326880 - Hydrocarbon conversion process additive and related processes
This invention relates to a hydrocarbon conversion process additive and related processes, such as upgrading a heavy hydrocarbon material and making sponge coke. The hydrocarbon conversion process additive works with thermal processes, catalytic processes, or thermal-catalytic processes. The hydrocarbon process conversion additive includes lignin or macromolecular substructures of lignin like...

12/02/10 - 20100300928 - Aqueous compositions for enhanced hydrocarbon fluid recovery and methods of their use
Embodiments of the present disclosure include compositions for enhanced oil recovery and methods of using the same. Compositions of the present disclosure include particles of a hydrophobic polymer having constitutional repeating units of which at least 10 percent are hydrolysable and through hydrolysis increase a viscosity of the aqueous composition...