FreshPatents.com Logo
stats FreshPatents Stats
291 views for this patent on FreshPatents.com
2012: 11 views
2011: 25 views
2010: 30 views
2009: 76 views
2008: 145 views
2007: 4 views
newTOP 200 Companies filing patents this week


    Free Services  

  • MONITOR KEYWORDS
  • Enter keywords & we'll notify you when a new patent matches your request (weekly update).

  • ORGANIZER
  • Save & organize patents so you can view them later.

  • RSS rss
  • Create custom RSS feeds. Track keywords without receiving email.

  • ARCHIVE
  • View the last few months of your Keyword emails.

  • COMPANY DIRECTORY
  • Patents sorted by company.

Follow us on Twitter
twitter icon@FreshPatents

Modular volumetric compressor

* PDF is temporarily not available for this patent. Please check back later. Thank you for your patience.

Title: Modular volumetric compressor.
Abstract: A volumetric compressor of the type comprising a pair of rotors cooperating with each other and housed inside a compressor body, in which it is possible to identify a first flange, arranged on the suction side of the compressor body, and a second flange, arranged on the delivery side of the compressor body, suited to couplingly house a suction head and a delivery head of the volumetric compressor, wherein the suction head is provided with a first counterflange, suited to be connected to the first flange, and comprises a coupling element for connection to a suction pipe, or a coupling element for connection to a suction pipe in combination with a motor unit, and the delivery head is provided with a second counterflange, suited to be connected to the second flange, and comprises a coupling element for connection to a delivery pipe, or a coupling element for connection to a delivery pipe in combination with an oil separator. ...


- Asheville, NC, US
Inventors: Gianni Candio, Enrico Faccio, Andrea Tonin
USPTO Applicaton #: #20070269325 - Class: 418009000 (USPTO) - 11/22/07 - Class 418 


view organizer monitor keywords

Related Patent Categories: Rotary Expansible Chamber Devices, Multistage, Interengaging Rotary Members
The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20070269325, Modular volumetric compressor.



BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention concerns a volumetric compressor, particularly suited to be used in air conditioning and/or refrigeration systems.

[0002] It is known that in air conditioning and/or refrigeration systems volumetric compressors are used, which are suitable for circulating a carrier fluid inside a closed circuit for air conditioning in closed spaces or for the refrigeration of cold rooms and similar structures.

[0003] Though in their different specific applications, the volumetric compressors manufactured according to the prior art are all constituted by a casing in which it is possible to identify a carrier fluid suction chamber, provided with a suction valve and a carrier fluid delivery chamber, provided with a delivery valve, with a pair of screw rotors included between them.

[0004] For the different applications mentioned above, different types of volumetric compressors are available on the market; in particular, when they are used for the construction of air conditioning systems, they are provided, inside the casing, with a semi-hermetic motor unit for the operation of the rotors and with a lubricating oil separator positioned before the delivery valve.

[0005] Volumetric compressors, indeed, are equipped with a hydraulic circuit for the lubrication of the rotors that is suited to improve their efficiency; the lubricating oil is mixed with the carrier fluid inside the compressor and consequently it must be separated from the latter before being conveyed to the air conditioning circuit.

[0006] For the refrigeration systems, on the other hand, volumetric compressors, similar to those described above, are generally used, that is, compressors comprising a casing inside which there is a semi-hermetic motor unit including a suction chamber provided with a suction valve and a delivery chamber provided with a delivery valve, with a pair of screw rotors included between them, in which, however, there is no lubricating oil separator.

[0007] In the refrigeration systems, indeed, two or more compressors arranged in parallel are often used, and a single lubricating oil separator is used for all the compressors making up the system.

[0008] A further possible configuration of the volumetric compressor, used for example for particularly aggressive fluids like ammonia, differs from those previously described owing to the fact that it is not provided with a motor unit

[0009] inside the compressor casing.

[0010] In this case the compressor, called "open type" compressor, is equipped with drive and coupling means for connection to an external motor unit for the operation of the rotors.

[0011] U.S. Pat. No. 4,780,061 discloses a screw compressor assembly comprising an oil separator downstream of the compressor discharge port.

[0012] The known volumetric compressors mentioned above, however, have some drawbacks that have been recognized as such.

[0013] The main drawback is represented by the fact that in order to meet the customer's different needs, according to the combinations described above, the manufacturer must produce different compressors.

[0014] Another drawback, connected to the previous one, is represented by the fact that, to obtain the constructional differences necessary to implement all the combinations mentioned and, therefore, to design and manufacture the different types of compressors, too many persons and means are required.

[0015] A further drawback is represented by the fact that if the customer needs a compressor with a configuration different from the one installed, he should obviously replace it with a new one capable of satisfying the new requirements of the system.

[0016] A situation of this kind occurs, for example, if the customer needs to pass from an external motor unit to a semi-hermetic motor unit associated with the suction head of the compressor.

[0017] The present invention aims to eliminate all the drawbacks listed above.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0018] It is a first aim of the invention to carry out a volumetric compressor that makes it possible to reduce the number of components required to obtain all the types of compressor described by unifying their common parts.

[0019] It is another aim of the invention to carry out a volumetric compressor whose construction technique can be simplified compared to the prior art, with consequent reduction in design and construction costs.

[0020] It is a further aim of the invention to carry out a volumetric compressor that may be modified during manufacture with no need to replace it if its configuration must be changed.

[0021] The aims described above have been achieved through the method of manufacturing and assembling a volumetric compressor according to claim 1,

[0022] and through a volumetric compressor the main features of which are made according to such a method.

[0023] Advantageously, the possibility to connect the same compressor body to two different types of suction head on the suction side and to two different types of delivery head on the delivery side makes it possible to achieve all the compressor configurations required by the market, using five different components, instead of making four separate compressors.

[0024] Still advantageously, the possibility to removably connect the suction and delivery heads to the compressor body, through a connection with flange and counterflange, allows the configuration of the compressor to be modified even after its first installation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0025] The aims and advantages mentioned above will be highlighted in greater detail in the description of a favourite application of the invention, given as an example without limitation with reference to the enclosed drawings, wherein:

[0026] FIG. 1 is an exploded view of all the components of the volumetric compressor of the invention;

[0027] FIGS. from 2 to 5 show different executive embodiments of the compressor of the invention, that can be obtained using the components shown in FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0028] As can be observed in FIG. 1, the volumetric compressor of the invention, indicated as a whole by 1, comprises a pair of rotors 2 cooperating with each other and housed inside a compressor body 3 in which it is possible to identify a first flange 4 arranged on the suction side of said compressor body 3 and a second flange 5 arranged on the delivery side of said compressor body 3, said first flange 4 being suited to be coupled with a suction head 6, 7 and said second flange 5 being suited to be coupled with a delivery head 8, 9 of said volumetric compressor 1.

[0029] According to the invention, the suction head 6, 7 is provided with a first counterflange 10, 11 suited to be connected to said first flange 4 and includes a coupling element 12 for connection to a suction pipe, or a coupling element 13 for connection to a suction pipe in combination with a motor unit 14, and said delivery head 8, 9 is provided with a second counterflange 15, 16 suited to be connected to said second flange 5 and includes a coupling element 17

[0030] for connection to a delivery pipe, or a coupling element 18 for connection to a delivery pipe in combination with an oil separator 19.

[0031] FIGS. from 2 to 5 show the different configurations 50, 60, 70, 80 of the compressor 1 of the invention, that can be achieved by connecting to the compressor body 3 the different suction heads 8, 9 and delivery heads 10, 11 shown in FIG. 1, by fastening each flange 4, 5 of the compressor body 3 to the counterflange 10, 11, 15, 16 of the suction head 6, 7 or of the delivery head 8, 9.

[0032] In particular, FIG. 2 shows the configuration 50 that involves the installation, on the suction side of the compressor body 3, of a head 7 comprising a coupling element 13 for connection to a suction pipe in combination with a motor unit 14, preferably but not necessarily semi-hermetic, while on the delivery side of the compressor body 3 there is a head 8 comprising a coupling element 18 for connection to a delivery pipe in combination with an oil separator 19.

[0033] This type of configuration is the most widespread in air conditioning systems that must be equipped with a compressor 50 with compact dimensions that integrates all the elements necessary for the operation of the circuit which generally requires one compressor only.

[0034] As to the semi-hermetic motor unit 14 that operates the rotors 2 housed inside the compressor body 3, this is generally constituted by an electric motor cooled by the carrier fluid itself.

[0035] For the refrigeration of cold rooms and similar structures, in order to achieve the performance required by the system it is often necessary to use a certain number of compressors 80 arranged in series.

[0036] In this case, each volumetric compressor 80 is equipped with an independent, semi-hermetic motor unit 14, while the filtration of the carrier fluid takes place in a common external oil separator that serves all the compressors making up the system, towards which all the delivery pipes of each compressor converge.

[0037] Thus, for this type of system, volumetric compressors 80 of the type shown in FIG. 5 are used, in which the suction head 7, connected to the compressor body 3 on the suction side, comprises the coupling element 13 in combination with the motor unit 14, while the delivery head 9 connected to the compressor body 3 on the delivery side comprises only the delivery valve conveying the carrier fluid to the external oil separator.

[0038] FIG. 4 shows a further configuration 70 of the volumetric compressor 1 of the invention, in which the suction head 8, connected to the compressor body 3 on the suction side, comprises only the coupling element 12 for connection to a suction pipe, while the delivery head 8 connected to the compressor body 3 on the delivery side comprises the coupling element 18 for connection to a delivery pipe in combination with the oil separator 19.

[0039] The last configuration 60 of the compressor 1 of the invention, that can be obtained with the components 6, 9 represented in FIG. 1, is that shown in FIG. 3, in which the suction head 6 connected to the compressor body 3 on the suction side comprises only the coupling element 12 for connection to a carrier fluid suction pipe, while the delivery head 9, connected to the compressor body 3 on the delivery side, comprises only the coupling element 17 for connection to a carrier fluid delivery pipe.

[0040] The suction head 6 is equipped with drive means 20 suited to be set in motion by the motor unit of the system and to transmit motion to the rotors 2 housed inside the compressor body 3.

[0041] This type of compressor 60 is particularly suited to be installed in systems that use particularly aggressive carrier fluids, for example ammonia, which may damage the motor unit in case of contact with the latter.

[0042] As to the compressor body 3, this may be sized according to the power required and to the type of carrier fluid used in the circuit, though maintaining a first flange 4, arranged on the suction side, and a second flange 5, arranged on the delivery side, suited to house corresponding counterflanges 10, 11, 15, 16 for the connection of the suction heads 6, 7 and the delivery heads 8, 9 shown in FIG. 1.

[0043] The sizing of the compressor body 3 is generally achieved by varying the longitudinal development of the rotors 2 housed inside it and consequently the longitudinal development of the compressor body itself.

[0044] Thus, it is obvious that, by combining compressor bodies of different sizes with the suction heads 6, 7 and the delivery heads 8, 9 shown in FIG. 1, it is possible to obtain multiple configurations of the compressor, reducing the number of components to be manufactured and kept in stock, with no need to have a specific compressor for each application, as was the case in the prior art described above.

[0045] The possibility to have a volumetric compressor 1, 50, 60, 70, 80 in which it is substantially possible to identify three interchangeable functional units, that is, a compressor body 3, a suction head 6, 7 and a delivery head 8, 9, makes the compressor 1, 50, 60, 70, 80 of the invention modular and, therefore, easy to be adapted to the different needs of the user, simply by assembling the components in different ways.

[0046] As to the coupling element 12, 13 for connection to a suction pipe for the carrier fluid at low pressure and the coupling element 17, 18 for connection to a delivery pipe for the carrier fluid at high pressure, they may be constituted, according to the customer's needs, by a suction and/or delivery valve or, alternatively, by a suction and/or delivery coupling.

[0047] As to the connection of the suction heads 6, 7 and delivery heads 8, 9 to the compressor body 3, it takes place through a coupling between flange 4, 5 and counterflange 10, 11, 15, 16 that is made integral through suitable fastening means 21 of the known type, for example screws.

[0048] According to the above, it can be understood that the volumetric compressor of the invention achieves all the aims set.

[0049] In particular, it is achieved the aim to carry out a volumetric compressor in which, owing to its modular nature, the number of components necessary to obtain the different configurations required by the users is reduced.

[0050] It is also achieved the aim to carry out a volumetric compressor whose construction technique can be simplified compared to the prior art, thus obtaining a reduction in design and construction costs.

[0051] Finally, it is also achieved the aim to carry out a volumetric compressor whose configuration may be modified even after its first installation to meet, for example, new needs of the system, or to be reinstalled in a new system.

[0052] Upon implementation, modifications and changes that are neither described nor represented may be made to the volumetric compressor object of the invention.

[0053] The embodiments described and any other that have not been mentioned are to be considered protected by the present patent, provided that they fall within the scope of the claims expressed below.

Advertise on FreshPatents.com - Rates & Info


You can also Monitor Keywords and Search for tracking patents relating to this Modular volumetric compressor patent application.
###
monitor keywords



Keyword Monitor How KEYWORD MONITOR works... a FREE service from FreshPatents
1. Sign up (takes 30 seconds). 2. Fill in the keywords to be monitored.
3. Each week you receive an email with patent applications related to your keywords.  
Start now! - Receive info on patent apps like Modular volumetric compressor or other areas of interest.
###



Thank you for viewing the Modular volumetric compressor patent info.
- - - Apple patents, Boeing patents, Google patents, IBM patents, Jabil patents, Coca Cola patents, Motorola patents

Results in 0.55493 seconds


Other interesting Freshpatents.com categories:
Medical: Surgery Surgery(2) Surgery(3) Drug Drug(2) Prosthesis Dentistry  

###

All patent applications have been filed with the United States Patent Office (USPTO) and are published as made available for research, educational and public information purposes. FreshPatents is not affiliated with the USPTO, assignee companies, inventors, law firms or other assignees. Patent applications, documents and images may contain trademarks of the respective companies/authors. FreshPatents is not affiliated with the authors/assignees, and is not responsible for the accuracy, validity or otherwise contents of these public document patent application filings. When possible a complete PDF is provided, however, in some cases the presented document/images is an abstract or sampling of the full patent application. FreshPatents.com Terms/Support
-g1-0.1905
     SHARE
  
           

FreshNews promo


stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20070269325 A1
Publish Date
11/22/2007
Document #
10591387
File Date
03/03/2005
USPTO Class
418009000
Other USPTO Classes
029888020
International Class
04C23/00
Drawings
4



Follow us on Twitter
twitter icon@FreshPatents