|Liquid purification or separation patents - Monitor Patents|
USPTO Class 210 | Browse by Industry: Previous - Next | All
11/2010 | Recent | 15: May | Apr | Mar | Feb | Jan | 14: Dec | Nov | Oct | Sep | Aug | Jul | Jun | May | Apr | Mar | Feb | Jan | 13: Dec | Nov | Oct | Sep | Aug | Jul | Jun | May | Apr | Mar | Feb | Jan | 12: Dec | Nov | Oct | Sep | Aug | July | June | May | April | Mar | Feb | Jan | 11: Dec | Nov | Oct | Sep | Aug | Jul | Jun | May | Apr | Mar | Feb | Jan | 10: Dec | Nov | Oct | Sep | Aug | Jul | Jun | May | Apr | Mar | Feb | Jan | | 09: Dec | Nov | Oct | Sep | Aug | Jl | Jn | May | Apr | Mar | Fb | Jn | | 2008 | 2007 |
Liquid purification or separation November recently filed with US Patent Office 11/10Below are recently published patent applications awaiting approval from the USPTO. Recent week's RSS XML file available below.
Listing for abstract view: USPTO application #, Title, Abstract excerpt,Patent Agent. Listing format for list view: USPTO National Class full category number, title of the patent application. 11/25/2010 > patent applications in patent subcategories.
20100294702 - Physically and chemically emulsified hydrocarbon waters separator for ship's bilges: A separator for use in ships' bilges capable of physical and chemical separation of both free and emulsified hydrocarbons from a water stream that includes two separation units, the first one being a gravimetric separation unit that utilizes coalescent plates to separate free hydrocarbon in the mixture of water/hydrocarbons and... Agent: Klauber & Jackson
20100294703 - Water enhancement system: There is a water enhancement system coupled to a water conduit, wherein the water enhancement system is configured to enhance a water supply. The water enhancement system includes a filtration system coupled to a water conduit, configured to filter water flowing therethrough. The water enhancement system also includes an enhancement... Agent: Advantia Law Group
20100294704 - Draining-filtering device and treating device for bio-toilet: A draining-filtering device for a water closet, includes a trough for holding stuffs and excretion, in which at least a stirring device is arranged, each stirring device having a pivot and a stirring part, the draining-filtering device is placed under the bottom of the treating trough, which includes at least... Agent: Greer, Burns & Crain
20100294705 - Water drainage and harvesting system for an artificial turf environment: A water drainage and harvesting system for use with an artificial turf field comprises permeable synthetic turf, permeable impact-absorbing sub-base material beneath the turf, a water collection basin below the field, a water reservoir below the collection basin, the basin and reservoir having an impermeable liner, a water tank in... Agent: Greer, Burns & Crain
20100294706 - Magnetic filter and magnetic filtering assembly: A reusable magnetic device for the extraction of ferrous particles from a body of fluid, wherein the device comprises a plurality of magnets and soft ferrous metal spacers arranged in an alternating sequence to form a stack, adjacent magnets being arranged with like poles facing, a non-magnetic and non-ferrous end... Agent: Bennett Jones LLP C/o Ms Roseann Caldwell
20100294707 - Multi-stage filter cartridge with snap fit filters: A filter cartridge is described that is designed to accommodate multi-stage filtration, for example dual stage filtration. A filter cartridge includes an outer filter with an endplate and an inner filter arranged within the central axis of the outer filter and that includes an endplate. The endplate of the outer... Agent: Hamre, Schumann, Mueller & Larson, P.C.
20100294708 - apparatus for washing and dewatering pulp: Apparatus for washing and dewatering pulp comprising rotatable press rolls including permeable outer surfaces and a casing comprising a vat in which the rolls are installed are disclosed. A feed for feeding the pulp through the gap between the vat and the outer surfaces of the press rolls is provided... Agent: Lerner, David, Littenberg, Krumholz & Mentlik
20100294709 - Fluid treatment arrangements and methods for operating fluid treatment arrangements: Fluid treatment arrangements and methods for operating fluid treatment arrangements may include fluid treatment assemblies and manifold assemblies that direct fluids to and/or from the fluid treatment assemblies.... Agent: Leydig Voit & Mayer, Ltd
20100294710 - Method for producing a component, in particular a micromechanical and/or microfluidic and/or microelectronic component, and component: A method for producing a component, and a component, in particular a micromechanical and/or microfluidic and/or microelectronic component, is provided, the component including at least one patterned material region, and in a first step the patterned material region is produced in that microparticles of a first material are embedded in... Agent: Kenyon & Kenyon LLP
20100294711 - Filter device and filter element: A filter device comprising a filter element (9), which forms a body extending along a longitudinal axis and can be received in a housing (1) that can be closed by means of a cover part (3), a sealing arrangement (49) being provided in order to form a fluid-tight seal between... Agent: Roylance, Abrams, Berdo & Goodman, L.L.P.
20100294712 - Multi-stage filter cartridge with polyurethane endcaps: A filter cartridge is described that is designed to accommodate for example dual stage filtration. The filter cartridge has an endplate structure formed of a heat cured material, such as polyurethane, where at least one of the top end and the bottom end of the outer filter and the inner... Agent: Hamre, Schumann, Mueller & Larson, P.C.
20100294714 - Membrane with improved permeability and selectivity: A semipermeable asymmetric hollow fiber membrane is provided, based on a hydrophobic polymer, such as polyethersulfone or polysulfone, and on a hydrophilic polymer, such as PVP. The PVP polymer comprises a high molecular weight component and a low molecular weight component. The membrane has a significantly improved permeability and selectivity,... Agent: Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner LLP
20100294715 - Settler arrangement for liquid-liquid extraction, equipment to be placed in the settler op liquid-liquid extraction and method for installing the equipment: Equipment to be placed in the settler (6) of liquid-liquid extraction. The equipment comprises an overflow chute (10) for receiving a first solution as an overflow from the settler; a first outlet box (15) that is placed on a lower level than the overflow chute and arranged to receive the... Agent: Chernoff, Vilhauer, Mcclung & Stenzel, LLP
20100294716 - Templated native silk smectic gels: One aspect of the present invention relates to a method of preparing a fibrous protein smectic hydrogel by way of a solvent templating process, comprising the steps of pouring an aqueous fibrous protein solution into a container comprising a solvent that is not miscible with water; sealing the container and... Agent: Foley Hoag, LLP Patent Group, World Trade Center West
20100294717 - Post treatment for desalinated and soft water for balanced water composition supply: An H2S04-based calcite dissolution post-treatment process and apparatii for desalinated water are provided. The process comprises separating cations from seawater by ion exchange resin (s) (12) onto which the ions are loaded, contacting the ion exchange resin (s) (12) loaded with the cations with an effluent (1) of a calcite... Agent: William H. Dippert Eckert Seamans Cherin & Mellott, LLC
20100294718 - Liquid purification system using a medium pressure membrane: The invention relates to a reverse-osmosis purification system that comprises at least one liquid supply (1) for supplying a liquid to be processed simultaneously into two chambers (A1B) of a separation member (3), said chambers being separated by a semi-pervious membrane, the liquid being fed into one chamber at a... Agent: Sheridan Ross PC
20100294719 - Process for treatment of produced water: A process for treating produced water in heavy oil production comprises, providing an oil/water mixture gathered from an oil/water collection well, whereby oil from said oil/water mixture is separated to provide an oil product and a produced water product containing oil, dissolved gases and dissolved solutes. Said produced water product... Agent: General Electric Company Ge Global Patent Operation
20100294721 - Battery spill containment trays, battery spill containment systems, and methods of battery spill containment: Battery spill containment trays, battery spill containment systems, and methods of battery spill containment are provided. A spill containment system includes a tray mountable on a rack and including a support surface for supporting a device thereon; and an absorbent member removably installed on the tray below the support surface... Agent: Christie, Parker & Hale, LLP
20100294720 - Method for separating fission product, and apparatus used therefor: Provided is a method that can remove fission products in a spent electrolyte produced in a dry reprocessing process by an easy operation and can vitrify the fission products easily, the fission products including not only the fission products that generate precipitate but also the fission products that generate no... Agent: Wenderoth, Lind & Ponack, L.L.P.
20100294722 - Boron adsorbent and boron removal method utilizing sugar amide derivative: Disclosed is a boron adsorbent having an excellent adsorbing ability against boron contained in a solution, which is inexpensive and has high general versatility. Also disclosed is a boron removal method which can remove boron efficiently in a simple manner. An amide derivative represented by the general formula (1) is... Agent: Knobbe Martens Olson & Bear LLP
20100294723 - Detection of negatively charged polymers using water-soluble, cationic, polythiophene derivatives: Novel methods allowing for the simple optical and electrochemical detection of double-stranded oligonucleotides are disclosed. The methods are rapid, selective and versatile. Advantageously, they do not require any chemical reaction on the probes or on the analytes since they are based on different electrostatic interactions between cationic poly(3-alkoxy-4-methylthiophene) derivatives and... Agent: Knobbe Martens Olson & Bear LLP
20100294724 - Spa calcium removal methods and apparatus: Strong acid cation resins used alone or in combination with zeolite-based ion exchange resins are encapsulated in various water permeable polymer fabric bags of various geometries and thicknesses to reduce the calcium hardness levels during swimming pool and spa water fills. The resin bags are strategically placed in the pool... Agent: Greenberg Traurig LLP (la)
20100294725 - Azetidinium-functional polysaccharides and uses thereof: The present invention relates to polysaccharides that have been modified by providing azetidinium functionality thereto. Such functionality can be provided by crosslinking a polysaccharide with a resin having azetidinium functional groups. In one or more aspects, the polysaccharide can comprise one or more of starch, guar gum, alginate or derivatives... Agent: Georgia-pacific LLC
20100294726 - Uv reactor design having pressure equalizing manifold for increasing uv flux efficiency: The disclosed principles employ a UV reactor design for photo-based treatment of contaminated fluid media using a concentric single light source/single sleeve design, with multiple such concentric light source/sleeve units placed in parallel. In one embodiment, such a reactor may comprise an inlet manifold and an outlet manifold, and a... Agent: Baker & Mckenzie LLP Patent Department
20100294727 - Process for degrading organic substances in an aqueous composition: Process for degrading organic substances in an aqueous composition comprising a step (a) wherein, in a liquid reaction medium, said aqueous composition is reacted with at least one composition comprising hydroxide ions (OH−) and hypochlorite in a molar ratio between hydroxide and hypochlorite higher than or equal to 0.001 and... Agent: Solvay C/o B. Ortego - Iam-nafta
20100294728 - Preparation of nanosized compound zno/sno2 photocatalysts: The various embodiments herein provide a method of preparation nanosized amorphous compound ZnO/SnO2 photocatalysts. According to one embodiment herein, the nanosized amorphous compound ZnO/SnO2 photocatalysts are synthesized through coprecipitation method using NaOH as coprecipitant. According to one embodiment herein, nanosized amorphous compound ZnO/SnO2 photocatalysts are synthesized also by another method... Agent: Choobin & Choobin Consultancy L.l.c Barry Choobin
20100294729 - Filter and method for construction of a filter: A large vault or tank receives the runoff water to be cleaned. There are one or more small tanks in the large tank (vault). Each small tank is inverted and receives water at its open lower end, from the large tank. The water entering the small tank rises, as the... Agent: Joseph J. Zito
20100294730 - Waste bin: A slurry handling and disposal system is provided for waste slurry and particulates. The system includes a waste bin provided with support structures for retaining a flexible removable filter element with a filter element supported above a floor of the waste bin. The particulate matter component of a volume of... Agent: Brooks Kushman P.C.
20100294731 - Cyclonic debris evacuation apparatus and method for a pump: A cyclonic debris evacuation apparatus and method for evacuating debris in a pumping system that forms between the plunger exterior and barrel interior. The apparatus is configured for use with a valve rod and has a cyclone component, cup component, ring component, and ring coupler component. The apparatus is also... Agent: Weiss & Moy PC
20100294732 - Separation chip and separation method: A separation chip for separating an insoluble component from a suspension using centrifugal force by rotation, includes a suspension holding tank, a separation liquid holding tank, and an insoluble component holding tank arranged in order from an inner circumferential side during rotation, wherein the suspension holding tank and the insoluble... Agent: Ip Group Of Dla Piper LLP (us)11/18/2010 > patent applications in patent subcategories.
20100288682 - Dehydrating system: A dehydrating system is designed to maintain the availability of a plant having the dehydrating system using a water separation membrane by allowing a water separation membrane unit to be replaced while the plant is in operation. The dehydrating system comprises at least two water separation membrane units in use... Agent: Westerman, Hattori, Daniels & Adrian, LLP
20100288683 - Wastewater treatment system: A wastewater treatment system includes an outer tank, an aeration chamber partition located within the outer tank and forming an aeration chamber, and a draft tube located within the outer tank and vertically extending into the bottom of the aeration chamber to communicate the aeration chamber with an outer chamber... Agent: Porter Wright Morris & Arthur, LLP Intellectual Property Group
20100288684 - Storm water filtration apparatus: A storm water filtration apparatus, at the curb inlet for a storm drain, which prevents debris and pollutants from entering the storm drain system. Water passes through the filter at an upward angle. The filter does not require replacing for maintenance, and it continues to allow water to flow into... Agent: Eudoro Lopez
20100288685 - Floor drain: A floor drain system includes a generally rectangular drain grate having a plurality of drain apertures, and a drain body, having a circular lower portion defining an outlet and configured to mate with an underdrain structure, and an upper portion defining an inlet configured to receive the drain grate in... Agent: Zarian Midgley & Johnson PLLC
20100288686 - Pool filter cleaner: The pool filter cleaner is a device for simultaneously cleaning the interior and exterior surfaces of a conventional cylindrical pool filter. The pool filter cleaner includes first and second elongated pipes, each having an upper end and a lower end. A hose connector provides fluid connection between an external hose,... Agent: Litman Law Offices, Ltd.
20100288687 - Keyed filter assembly: Disclosed is a unique filter assembly for ensuring replacement cartridge compatibility in filtration systems having replaceable filter cartridges with lugged mounting systems. One representative filter assembly includes a representative cartridge member having a body portion for enclosing filter media and a neck portion depending therefrom. The representative neck portion of... Agent: 3m Innovative Properties Company
20100288688 - Full flow liquid filter with integral bypass filtration: A fluid filter has an outer case with a side wall, a closed first end wall, and a second end wall defining fluid inlet and outlet openings, as well as a filter cartridge received within the outer case. The filter cartridge includes a substantially cylindrical full flow filter element, providing... Agent: Crowell & Moring LLP Intellectual Property Group
20100288689 - Microfluidic filtration unit, device and methods thereof: A microfluidic filtration unit for trapping particles of a predetermined nominal size present in a fluid is provided. The unit comprises a fluid chamber connected to an inlet for introducing the fluid to be filtered and an outlet for discharging filtered fluid, a filtration barrier arranged within the fluid chamber,... Agent: Connolly Bove Lodge & Hutz LLP
20100288690 - Stacked plates filtration cartridge: A filtration cartridge (20) is provided comprising one or a stack of filtration units (26) sealed to each other at their inner periphery and to end caps (22, 24) eliminating the need for a housing surrounding the stack. Fluid pathways are provided so that filtration of all incoming feed is... Agent: Millipore Corporation
20100288691 - Porous filter cartridge: An object of the invention is to provide a porous filter cartridge that hardly involves the contamination problem, provides an economic advantage, and is able to achieve efficient filtration and extraction without breaking. The object is accomplished by a porous filter cartridge including a bottomed cylindrical cap 5 with an... Agent: Sughrue-265550
20100288692 - Aromatic polyamide nanofiber and fiber structure containing the same: According to the invention, by preparing a solution of an aromatic copolyamide obtained by copolymerization of a specific third component, a spinning solution is stabilized even without using an alkali metal salt and a uniform aromatic copolyamide nanofiber can be obtained stably by an electrospinning method. Further, according to the... Agent: Sughrue Mion, PLLC
20100288694 - Density phase separation device: A mechanical separator for separating a fluid sample into first and second phases within a collection container is disclosed. The mechanical separator may have a separator body having a through-hole defined therein, with the through-hole adapted for allowing fluid to pass therethrough. The separator body includes a float, having a... Agent: David W. Highet, Vp & ChiefIPCounsel Becton, Dickinson And Company
20100288693 - Sequential biological reactor having a selector for the treatment of municipal or industrial wastewaters: Sequential biological reactor (R), comprising: a tank (1) delimited by a base and peripheral walls (3); an inlet (11) equipped with a selector (S) that determines a baffled route with contacting of the effluent to be treated and a portion (5) of the recirculated sludges; a means (6) for discharging... Agent: Connolly Bove Lodge & Hutz LLP
20100288695 - Process and system for algae production from the byproducts of waste water treatment: A system for algae production has a first tank with an interior containing aerobic bacteria and waste water therein, a first aerator cooperative with the interior of the first tank for passing bubbles into the waste water and the aerobic bacteria in the interior of the first tank, a first... Agent: Egbert Law Offices
20100288696 - Method for treatment of sludge: A method for treatment of sludge with a facultative-organism-adapted membrane bioreactor by providing a sludge treatment system comprising a facultative digestion tank, a membrane module, an aeration system, a sludge pump, and a drainage pump, pumping sludge into the facultative digestion tank via the sludge pump and allowing for digestion,... Agent: Matthias Scholl
20100288697 - Method for forming facultative-organism-adapted membrane bioreactor: A method for forming a facultative-organism-adapted membrane bioreactor by: providing a membrane bioreactor having a membrane module, aerating intensively the membrane module at a lower part thereof and maintaining the scouring against the membrane module so that an aerobic environment is formed at a middle and lower part of the... Agent: Matthias Scholl
20100288698 - Method for removing phosphorus using membrane bioreactor: A method for removing phosphorus having steps of a) providing a membrane bioreactor having a membrane module having a lower part; b) aerating intensively the lower part of the membrane module while controlling dissolved oxygen concentration around the membrane module at more than 2 mg/L and dissolved oxygen concentration in... Agent: Matthias Scholl
20100288699 - Purification of water from cooling towers and other heat exchange systems: The amount of silica in cooling tower water is reduced by passing cooling tower water through a column of silica gel.... Agent: Los Alamos National Security, LLC
20100288700 - Post treatment of desalinated and soft water for balanced water composition supply: A calcite dissolution post-treatment process and apparatii for desalinated water are provided. The process comprises separating cations from seawater or brackish/seawater desalination brines by ion exchange resin(s) onto which the ions are loaded, contacting the ion exchange resin(s) loaded with the cations with an effluent of a calcite dissolution reactor... Agent: William H. Dippert Eckert Seamans Cherin & Mellott, LLC
20100288701 - Staged membrane system for gas, vapor, and liquid separations: The present invention involves the use of a multi-stage membrane system for gas, vapor, and liquid separations. In this multi-stage membrane system, high selectivity and high permeance or at least high selectivity polybenzoxazole membranes or cross-linked polybenzoxazole membranes are applied for a pre-membrane or both the pre-membrane and the secondary... Agent: Honeywell/uop Patent Services
20100288702 - Method and apparatus for liquid-liquid extraction: A Liquid-Liquid Extraction apparatus for extracting at least one species from a donor liquid solution (6) into at least one recipient liquid (8) is disclosed The apparatus comprises one or more cells comprising a cartridge (3) with an open macro-porous solid matrix made o a micro-porous material having affinity to... Agent: Pearl Cohen Zedek Latzer, LLP
20100288703 - Novel fluid management system for accurate continuous hemofiltration in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ecmo): A novel system and method for fluid management for accurate continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CWH) in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The fluid management or CWH system is automated and configured for operation as a stand alone unit and can be easily integrated with an ECMO system. The fluid management system is... Agent: Merchant & Gould PC
20100288704 - Flow-through substrate assemblies and methods for making and using said assemblies: Assemblies comprised of mounted flow-through substrates and methods for using and making said assemblies.... Agent: Corning Incorporated
20100288705 - Rod assembly and a method for the extraction of magnetizable particles from solutions: A rod assembly for the extraction of magnetizable particles from solutions is described. The rod assembly includes at least one guide element. A rod element is insertable into the at least one guide element and moveable in a direction substantially parallel to the at least one guide element. A magnet... Agent: Intellectual Property / Technology Law
20100288706 - Method for the preparation of at least one compound from blood, and extraction device for use in the execution of said method: Method for the preparation of at least one compound with biological properties from blood, where said method is performed in sealed tubes at a pressure below atmospheric pressure, thereby reducing or preventing the bacterial contamination of the compound through handling. The method comprises the repetition, for as many times as... Agent: Browdy And Neimark, P.l.l.c. 624 Ninth Street, Nw
20100288707 - Method for conditioning a waste solution containing organic substances and metals in ionic form, obtained during wet-chemical cleaning of conventional or nuclear plants: A method is provided for conditioning a waste solution obtained during the wet-chemical cleaning of conventional or nuclear plants and containing organic substances and metals in ionic form. At least a portion of the organic substance is degraded by electrochemical treatment or UV radiation of the waste solution, at least... Agent: Lerner Greenberg Stemer LLP
20100288708 - Viscosity control and filtration of well fluids: Circulating completion, workover and drilling fluids used in hydrocarbon recovery are filtered after monitoring for viscosity, which frequently causes plugging of filters. A viscometer generates a signal representative of viscosity in the fluid; the signal is used by a programmable controller to divert viscous fluid from the filter, or to... Agent: William L. Krayer
20100288709 - Process and apparatus for improving the disintegration of thixotropic suspensions by means of ultrasound: A method for a disintegration of a thixotropic suspension by ultrasound, includes diverting at least one partial flow from a total suspension flow downstream of an ultrasonic treatment unit, increasing a flow rate of the at least one partial flow and mechanically stressing a thixotropic suspension flow. Additionally, the method... Agent: Greenblum & Bernstein, P.L.C
20100288710 - Method and apparatus for programably treating water in a water cooler: An apparatus for a programmable self sanitizing water dispenser apparatus with a digital controller as well as a programmable method for generating ozone for cleaning the reservoir and the water contained within it. The apparatus includes an anti-spill receiver that houses the controller and that can contain a ozone generator.... Agent: Garvey Smith Nehrbass & North, LLC
20100288711 - Method and system for removing slag, particularly slag that occurs during synthesis gas extraction, from a slag bath container: This is achieved in that a space filled with a gas bubble, which space stands in contact with the liquid in the containers, particularly a ring space or a separate container, is provided, in which the pressure of the gas bubble is regulated by means of supplying gas, in such... Agent: Collard & Roe, P.C.
20100288712 - Filtering apparatus for inlet fluid into a pressure chamber of a sprayer: A backpack sprayer having a tank with a filling opening at the top thereof and a pressure chamber therein is provided with filtering apparatus for preventing particles in the fluid in the tank from entering an inlet port of the pressure chamber located near the bottom of the tank when... Agent: Kenneth J. Lukacher South Winton Court11/11/2010 > patent applications in patent subcategories.
20100282651 - Method and apparatus for monitoring an underdrain of a filter system: A method and apparatus for monitoring an underdrain in a filter system for filtering water or wastewater. At least one diagnostic condition relating to the performance of the underdrain is monitored to determine if the underdrain is operating in an acceptable manner.... Agent: Merek , Blackmon & Voorhees , LLC
20100282652 - Filter end cap assembly with bypass valve: A filter assembly, filter element and methods are provided. The filter assembly includes a filter base in which a filter element is mounted. The filter element includes a bypass valve carried by the filter element that operates independent of and free of interaction with the filter base. Methods include providing... Agent: Reinhart Boerner Van Deuren P.C.
20100282655 - Immersion type membrane separator: A submerged membrane separator 31 includes: a casing 33 opened at the top; a plurality of flat membrane cartridges 34 arrayed at intervals in the casing 33; and an air diffuser 36 provided below the membrane cartridges 34. The membrane cartridges 34 are movably held in the up-down direction in... Agent: Kusner & Jaffe Highland Place Suite 310
20100282654 - Integrated water processing technology: The invention provides a Bioreactor-Membrane Integrated Technology (B-MIT), comprising an immobilized cellular system bioreactor that initially treats raw water, functionally integrated with a membrane system where the biologically treated water is filtered to generate high quality finished water.... Agent: Foley & Lardner LLP
20100282653 - Versatile biological wastewater treatment system: A versatile and efficient biological wastewater treatment system is provided which is adaptable to small, shop fabricated package plants and large, assembled in place plants, and which can be operated as a secondary treatment, activated sludge process, for suspended solids and Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) removal, or a tertiary treatment,... Agent: Jan A. Korzeniowski
20100282656 - Osmotic barrier system and method: In one embodiment, the present disclosure provides an osmotic barrier system that includes a production well, providing a source of saline water, and a source of feed water. An osmosis unit receives the feed water and saline water and osmotically dilutes the saline water with water from the feed water.... Agent: Unr/dri Technology Transfer Office
20100282657 - Water dispensers: A water dispensing apparatus, comprising an input for water; a tank provided with means for chilling water; a UV lamp; a UV transmissive coil wrapped at least partially around the lamp such that the water to be dispensed passes through the coil and is thereby sterilised by the UV lamp... Agent: Christie, Parker & Hale, LLP
20100282658 - Oil filter arrangement: The invention relates to an oil filter arrangement having a housing comprising a receiving space for a filter element, wherein a discharge opening is provided at the bottom of the receiving space and a discharge valve is provided in the discharge opening wherein the discharge valve comprises a valve body,... Agent: Brinks Hofer Gilson & Lione/ann Arbor
20100282659 - Disc filtration device: The disclosure relates to a filtration device that comprises a disc with a rim covering and stiffening a plurality of filtration sectors connected to taps provided on the outer wall of a rotary main shaft containing inner discharge channels and fit-inserted into said taps and into a crown comprising two... Agent: Harness, Dickey & Pierce, P.L.C
20100282660 - Cartridge filter securing apparatus: Methods, apparatuses, and systems are provided for securing a cartridge filter.... Agent: Benesch, Friedlander, Coplan & Aronoff LLP Attn:IPDepartment Docket Clerk
20100282661 - Fluid treatment system: There is described a fluid treatment system comprising: (i) a fluid inlet; (ii) a fluid outlet; and (iii) a fluid treatment zone in fluid communication with the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet. The fluid treatment zone comprises a housing within which is disposed a fluid separation section (the separation... Agent: Katten Muchin Rosenman LLP (c/o Patent Administrator)
20100282662 - Apparatus for purifying blood: The present invention relates to an apparatus for, after separating plasma from blood using a plasma separation filter, purifying the blood by discharging various kinds of toxic substances from the separated plasma using an anion exchange resin filter and a charcoal filter, and more particularly, to an apparatus for purifying... Agent: Drinker Biddle & Reath Attn: Intellectual Property Group
20100282663 - Filtration cartridge formed of stacked plates: A filtration cartridge is provided comprising one or a stack of filtration units sealed to each other at their outer periphery and to end caps thereby eliminating the need for a housing surrounding the stack. Fluid pathways are provided so that filtration of all incoming feed is assured prior to... Agent: Millipore Corporation
20100282664 - Device for dewatering of pulp: A dewatering drum for dewatering of cellulose pulp has two end plates, which are arranged at either end of the dewatering drum. The dewatering drum further has a support pipe, which has the shape of a cylindrical sleeve having a material thickness of at least 15 mm, and which, at... Agent: Nixon & Vanderhye, PC
20100282665 - Filter capsule: A filter capsule has a filter housing which, on at least one end face, has an end cap with an air release valve. A protective wall is formed on the end cap at a distance from the air release valve and protrudes beyond the air release valve.... Agent: Hespos & Porco LLP
20100282666 - Single port manifold: A manifold assembly for use in a medical waste collection device to direct fluid into the medical waste collection device while filtering material from the fluid. The assembly includes a manifold housing having a bottom and a wall extending upwardly from the bottom about a first axis. A support structure... Agent: Howard & Howard Attorneys PLLC
20100282667 - Method for producing a support part and filter element: The invention relates to a method for producing a support part, in particular, for use with a filter element. Said support part is shaped in the form of a support tube (10) provided with through holes for fluid (12), the periphery thereof forming a bearing surface (14) for the filter... Agent: Roylance, Abrams, Berdo & Goodman, L.L.P.
20100282668 - Fused nanostructure material: Disclosed herein is a nanostructured material comprising carbon nanotubes fused together to form a three-dimensional structure. Methods of making the nanostructured material are also disclosed. Such methods include a batch type process, as well as multi-step recycling methods or continuous single-step methods. A wide range of articles made from the... Agent: Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner LLP
20100282669 - Filter and air cleaner: There is provided a filter for filtering gas or liquid, wherein a constituent material of the filter contains a protein that absorbs iron, radium, or heavy metal (except iron), the constituent material is an iron-containing fiber body 4, the iron-containing fiber body 4 is a fiber body including iron or... Agent: Birch Stewart Kolasch & Birch
20100282670 - Metal recovery device: There is provided a metal recovery device 10 for removing and recovering predetermined metal, from a liquid to be processed, by passing the liquid to be processed through a filter 41, wherein a constituent material of the filter 41 contains a protein that absorbs iron, radium, or heavy metal (except... Agent: Birch Stewart Kolasch & Birch
20100282671 - Method of treating wastewater: Provided is a method of treating wastewater, containing: the flow-in step of flowing an organic wastewater into an activated sludge tank holding an activated sludge containing microorganisms therein; and the separation step of biologically treating the organic wastewater in the activated sludge tank and then subjecting thus treated liquor to... Agent: Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner LLP
20100282672 - Process for exothermal treatment and recovery of solid, semi-solid, pasty and/or damp waste: The present invention refers to a process for exothermal treatment and recovery of masses comprising: urban solid waste (USW—), including differentiated and non-differentiated damp waste and non-differentiated waste of vegetable origin; sludge generated by industrial and non-industrial water treatment; solid, semi-solid, pasty residue and/or sludge residue coming from industrial, agricultural... Agent: Young & Thompson
20100282673 - Method and apparatus for treating nitrate waste liquid: To provide an apparatus for treating a nitrate waste liquid that includes a denitrification tank (12A) which accommodates active sludge that adsorbs or takes in the radioactive substance in a nitrate waste liquid (11) and in which an anaerobic microorganism that reduces the nitric acid to nitrogen gas grows, and... Agent: Westerman, Hattori, Daniels & Adrian, LLP
20100282674 - Phosphate recovery from acid phase anaerobic digesters: A method for recovering phosphate from sewage treatment plants using multi-stage anaerobic digestion includes the treatment of organic acid digest with calcium hydroxide, calcium oxide, and similar compounds to raise pH to near neutral values and precipitate calcium phosphate compounds such as brushite and similar amorphous compounds. The method includes... Agent: Phillip Barak
20100282676 - Desalination system and elements thereof: According to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a desalination system comprising a plurality of elongated pressure vessels (PV). Each PV has a longitudinal axis, oriented such that the longitudinal axis thereof is of a vertical orientation. Each of the PVs is adapted to receive therein a... Agent: The Law Office Of Michael E. Kondoudis
20100282675 - System and method for reversible cation-exchange desalination: Desalination is accomplished by subjecting feed saline water to a cation exchanger in magnesium form where sodium and scale-forming cations are at least partially exchanged for non-scale-forming magnesium ions. This ion exchange also reduces the osmotic pressure of the solution. When the resultant solution is subjected to a pressure-driven membrane... Agent: Saul Ewing LLP (harrisburg) Attn: Patent Docket Clerk
20100282677 - Water softener system using nanofiltration to reclaim a portion of the regenerating sodium chloride: A water softening system includes apparatus and process that recycles a substantial percentage of the brine. This system conventionally includes a brine tank and a softening tank through which hard water from a source passes during normal operation. During the regeneration cycle, the brine solution in the brine tank passes... Agent: Nawrocki, Rooney & Sivertson Suite 401, Broadway Place East
20100282679 - Advanced control method for a membrane filtration unit, and device for implementing the method: Advanced control method for a membrane filtration unit, applied to the treatment of an effluent, employing microcoagulation on a membrane, which consists in injecting, upstream of the membrane, a dose of coagulation reactant(s) 30 to 80 times below the dose (X) making the zeta potential of the effluent zero, in... Agent: Connolly Bove Lodge & Hutz LLP
20100282678 - Livestock wastewater treatment system and method: An improved livestock wastewater treatment system for treating wastewater produced by a confined animal feeding operation (CAFO) facility to reclaim water and solids from the wastewater, and to reduce the environmental footprint of the CAFO facility is provided. The treatment system combines both mechanical and chemical water treating and includes... Agent: Maxey Law Offices, PLLC
20100282680 - Superhydrophobic membrane distillation for water purification: A distillation membrane for purifying water includes a superhydrophobic surface having a plurality of protruding features that each include a microchannel therein that protrude from a recessed surface portion that is in a uniform thickness portion of the distillation membrane. A thickness of the uniform thickness portion defines a channel... Agent: Jetter & Associates, P.A.
20100282681 - Biological fluid filtration apparatus: Biological fluid filtration systems including biological fluid filtration devices capable of filtering blood or blood products, including the removal of leukocytes from the blood or blood product. Each system includes a means to automatically drain the biological fluid upstream of the biological fluid filtration media disposed in the biological fluid... Agent: Peter Zuk Jr.
20100282682 - Fluid filtration articles and methods of making and using the same: Fluid filtration articles, including composite nonwoven fibrous webs, and methods of making and using such articles as gas or liquid filtration elements. The articles include a population of coarse microfibers having a population median diameter of at least 1 micrometer (μm) formed as a first layer, and a population of... Agent: 3m Innovative Properties Company
20100282683 - Sludge concentration and dehydration method: A sludge concentration and dehydration method is provided, which comprises the following steps: (1) add an organic agent (polyacrylamide) to the sludge for initial conditioning, then concentrate the sludge; (2) add an inorganic agent (a compound containing Fe and Ca) to the sludge for further conditioning, then transport the sludge... Agent: Guangzhou Pude Environmental Protection Room 616, De'he Commercial Building
20100282684 - Lipopolysaccharide decontamination: Materials and methods for the selective removal of lipopolysaccharide during the purification of molecules of bio-pharmaceutical interest are based on a polymeric substrate that binds lipopolysaccharide. Preferably, the polymeric substrate is selective for at least one of heptose and 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonic acid. The substrate can be formed by a process comprising:... Agent: Novartis Vaccines And Diagnostics Inc.
20100282685 - Magnetic mixer: A device facilitating mixing of a fluid containing magnetic or magnetizable particles, including a support for a container for the fluid and particles, a first magnet adjacent one side of the support, a second magnet adjacent the other side, and a drive for moving the second magnet between a first... Agent: Vysis, Inc Patent Department
20100282686 - Method for the treatment of acid mine drainage: A process for neutralizing acid mine drainage which includes a neutralizer and binder component consisting of steel slag in an amount of 75% to 95% by weight of the agglomeration, a sodium carbonate selected from the group consisting of soda ash and pulp liquor in an amount of 0.5% to... Agent: Mckay & Associates, PC.
20100282687 - System and method for extraction of petroleum from oil/water mixture: A petroleum from oil/water mixtures extraction method for use as an adjunct to current stationary active second containment methods for industrial oil spill accidents, and as an adjunct to currently used equipment for residual oil removal in clean-out measures for, among others: canal barges, hazmat trucks, oil storage tanks, oil... Agent: Kammer Browning PLLC
20100282688 - Method of raising the ph of acidic bodies of water: The invention relates to a method of raising the pH of a body of water having a pH of less than 4.5 by introducing neutralizing agent, the raising of the pH taking place in at least two stages thus: at pH levels below 4.5, a first neutralizing agent having a... Agent: Jonathan P. O''brien, Ph.d. Honigman Miller Schwartz And Cohn
20100282689 - Low energy system and method of desalinating seawater: A low energy water treatment system and method is provided. The system has at least one electrodialysis device that produces partially treated water and a brine byproduct, a softener, and at least one electrodeionization device. The partially treated water stream can be softened by the softener to reduce the likelihood... Agent: Siemens Corporation Intellectual Property Department
20100282690 - Simultaneous reduction/oxidation process for destroying an organic solvent: This invention relates to decontaminating water containing organic compounds by treating the contaminated water by adding solid phase zero valent iron (ZVI) and persulfate to destroy organic contaminants in water.... Agent: Burns & Levinson, LLP
20100282691 - Method for producing supersaturated dissolved oxygen-containing water: Water is put in a circulation pathway composed of a tank 10 and a cyclic connecting pipe 12, and a pump 16 and silicon dioxide rich rock 22 of igneous rock are provided in the midstream of the cyclic connecting pipe 12. The water is circulated without contact with air... Agent: Wenderoth, Lind & Ponack, L.L.P.
20100282692 - Percolation filter system with a replaceable cartridge, a method for determining the depletion of a replaceable cartridge in a filter system and a kit integrating this method: A percolation filter system with a replaceable cartridge comprising means for determining and/or displaying a parameter representative of the residual service life and/or level of depletion of the cartridge in order to inform the user of this parameter with a view to the replacement of the spent cartridge, characterised in... Agent: Castellano PLLC
20100282693 - Filtration membranes: A method for maintaining pore size of a reusable filtration membrane, said method comprising exposing said filtration membrane to a plasma comprising a hydrocarbon or fluorocarbon monomer so as to form a polymeric layer on the surface thereof. The treatment allows the filtration membrane to withstand washing procedures, in particular... Agent: Connolly Bove Lodge & Hutz, LLP
20100282694 - Gravity separation vessel, baffle arranged in a gravity separation vessel and method of separating a liquid/gas mixture: The invention relates to a gravity separation apparatus for separating a mixture of gas and/or one or more liquids of different densities under the influence of the force of gravity, the apparatus comprising an elongated vessel (1) including an inlet (2) for input of the mixture to be separated, a... Agent: Williams, Morgan & Amerson11/04/2010 > patent applications in patent subcategories.
20100276345 - Apparatus for treating radioactive nitrate waste liquid: An apparatus for treating a radioactive nitrate waste liquid includes: a denitrification tank (12) that accommodates active sludge which adsorbs or takes in a radioactive substance in a nitrate waste liquid (11) containing nitrate and the radioactive substance and in which an anaerobic microorganism that reduces the nitrate to nitrogen... Agent: Westerman, Hattori, Daniels & Adrian, LLP
20100276346 - Filter element and fuel filter: The invention concerns a filter element (1), in particular of a fuel filter for motor vehicles. The filter element (1) is provided for exchangeable use in a filter housing (2) and comprises a filter body (3) with a filter material (5) that is arranged in folds (4). Between two folds... Agent: Mann+hummel Gmbh Department Vr-p
20100276347 - Portable water purification device: A gravity driven portable water purification device (1) comprises a dirty water inlet (5) operative to comprise a head of dirty water, water filtration means (23) connected to the dirty water inlet (5), and a clean water tank (35) connected to an outlet of the water filtration means (23). The... Agent: Christensen, O'connor, Johnson, Kindness, PLLC
20100276348 - Device for generation of ion network for water treatment in tanks: g
20100276349 - Integrated orbal oxidation ditch: The integrated Orbal oxidation ditch, pertaining to water treatment technical field, comprises several ellipse oxidation ditches whose central island position is arranged with two or more round areas. Wherein, two round areas are tangential to or share the wall with the inner wall of the neighbouring oxidation ditch. The process... Agent: GlobalIPServices
20100276351 - Apparatus for countercurrent chromatography: A plate apparatus for use in countercurrent chromatography is disclosed which comprises a disk shaped tube support (60) having a tube support pattern forme in an upper surface (63) of the support and configured to accommodate at leas one layer of fluid flow tubing (70), wherein the pattern comprises at... Agent: National Institutes Of Health C/o Polsinelli Shugart PC
20100276350 - Preparative separation/purification system: A mixed liquid passage (31) is connected to a trapping passage (22) at a point upstream of a trap column (23). A mixture of a diluting liquid and an additive agent, which are respectively drawn and sent by pumps (35) and (36), is supplied into the mixed liquid passage (31).... Agent: Sughrue Mion, PLLC
20100276352 - Fuel filter with filter recognition: The invention relates to a fuel filter comprising a housing, an interchangeable filter cartridge that is located in the housing, a water collection chamber and a water level sensor. Said water level sensor has two electric conductors, which can be electrically interconnected by means of water if there is a... Agent: Bohan Mathers
20100276353 - Rotary cartridge filter: A rotary filter is provided with greatly expanded filter media area within the flow stream of material to be filtered due to use of a series of cylindrical filter cartridges consisting of a core and cylindrical filter media that are attached to and within a rotary disc, thus providing much... Agent: Hubert Patrovsky
20100276354 - Systems and methods for removing contaminate material from a flowable material: A tank assembly for holding first and second removal materials, comprising a first container and a second container. The first container defines a first chamber. The second container defines a second chamber. The second container is arranged within the first chamber to define a lower portion, an upper portion, and... Agent: Schacht Law Office, Inc.
20100276355 - Separation membrane elements, separation membrane module, and process for producing separation membrane element: The invention offers a separation membrane element that can be produced by a method in which a membrane-sealing portion is formed by, first, immersing end portions of hollow-fiber-shaped porous separation membranes in a resinous liquid and, then, curing the resin, that has a feature in that the membrane-sealing portion is... Agent: Drinker Biddle & Reath (dc)
20100276356 - Filter device: The invention relates to a filter device, comprising a plurality of filter elements (21), which can be received in a filter housing having a filter inlet for a fluid to be filtered and a filter outlet for the filtered fluid, wherein flow through the filter elements (21) is possible in... Agent: Roylance, Abrams, Berdo & Goodman, L.L.P.
20100276357 - Method for extracting nucleic acid and nucleic acid-extracting apparatus: A method for extracting nucleic acid comprising: adsorbing nucleic acid to a nucleic acid-adsorptive solid carrier by contacting a sample solution containing nucleic acid with the nucleic acid-adsorptive solid carrier; washing the nucleic acid-adsorptive solid carrier by contacting a washing solution with the nucleic acid-adsorptive solid carrier, while the nucleic... Agent: Birch Stewart Kolasch & Birch
20100276358 - No filter no run fluid filtration system: An upper endcap of a fuel filter cartridge includes a skirt, an axially extending pin surrounded by the skirt, and a plurality of ribs that define fluid flow channels leading to the pin. The pin is extendable through an axially facing fuel inlet opening at the upper end of a... Agent: Hamre, Schumann, Mueller & Larson, P.C.
20100276359 - Adsorption column for purifying body fluid: Provided is an absorption column for body fluid purification by which the saturated adsorption amount of a substance to be adsorbed can be increased or the time required for reaching the saturated adsorption can be shortened, and therefore, the column capacity can be considerably reduced and the treatment time can... Agent: Haynes Beffel & Wolfeld LLP
20100276360 - Methods, apparatus and systems for polishing wastewater utilizing natural media filtration: Wastewater treatment systems, methods and apparatus for polishing a wastewater stream comprising a plurality of contaminants are provided. One system includes a vessel containing a plurality of natural media filtration agents selected to remove selected ones of the plurality of contaminants from the wastewater stream. In one embodiment, the vessel... Agent: Intellectual Property
20100276361 - System and method for biological wastewater treatment and for using the byproduct thereof: A wastewater treatment system and process biologically treats wastewater to produce substantially clean water effluent and byproducts. The treatment system includes an array of media wheels that rotate into and out of exposure to sunlight for sustained algae growth. One byproduct is algae removed from the rotating media wheels, which... Agent: Maginot, Moore & Beck, LLP Chase Tower
20100276363 - Wastewater treatment process and plant comprising controlling the dissolved oxygen concentration: The present invention relates to a process for treating wastewater that includes the steps of: —a contact step, wherein wastewater contacts bacteria retained on a support surface and the dissolved oxygen concentration of the wastewater is maintained at 2.0 mg/l or less; an aeration step, wherein gas is passed through... Agent: Winstead PC
20100276364 - Wastewater treatment system and method: An aerobic treatment unit is disclosed. The unit provides a tank with an influent end and an effluent end. A growth media is between the influent and effluent ends. An aeration chamber with a diffuser plate is disposed near the influent end. At least one pump moves surface liquids from... Agent: Fellers Snider Blankenship Bailey & Tippens
20100276365 - System and method for removing organic contaminants from water: A method and system for removing organic contaminants from water by use of a panel of hydrophobic polymer membranes which resist degradation when exposed to aggressive oxidizing solutions and that can be used to decompose the organic contaminants while fostering selective-permeation by the organic contaminants are disclosed.... Agent: Burns & Levinson, LLP
20100276366 - Method and device for differentiation of substances: A method and a device for differentiation of substances in a body fluid, such as blood, plasma or used peritoneal dialysis fluid, for example for hemodialysis. The device has a compartment having several inlets for entering a body fluid, a transition fluid and a diffusion fluid for flowing parallel with... Agent: Brooks Kushman P.C.
20100276367 - Method for determining the percentage of recirculation in a fistula and/or cardiopulmonary recirculation relative to the total fistula recirculation and cardiopulmonary recirculation: The method according to the invention and the apparatus according to the invention are characterized in that the substitution rate Qs is modified by a predefined amount upstream or downstream of the dialyzer or filter while the flow rate QFM of the liquid withdrawn through the dialyzer membrane is modified.... Agent: Kenyon & Kenyon LLP
20100276368 - Process for membrane separation of linear hydrocarbons within a hydrocarbon mixture: The invention relates to a process for membrane separation that makes it possible to separate linear hydrocarbons from branched hydrocarbons. The membrane that is used comprises a dense selective layer that consists of a polymer whose chemical structure contains at least one bis-phenyl-9,9-fluorene group.... Agent: Millen, White, Zelano & Branigan, P.C.
20100276369 - Desalination system: A reverse osmotic desalinisation system including a desalinisation unit having at least one semi-permeable membrane in direct contact with a body of saline water at a depth d1, an interior chamber in fluid connection with the saline water via a semi-permeable membrane, the interior chamber being in fluid connection with... Agent: Law Office Of Michael D. Eisenberg Intellectual Property Law
20100276371 - Chromatography column and method of maintenance: A chromatography column and method of maintenance is described which does not require the use of a hoist or crane for disassembly. The method provides improved operator safety by reducing the need for the operator to work below a suspended or supported load within the column. Furthermore, the removal or... Agent: Ge Healthcare Bio-sciences Corp. Patent Department
20100276370 - Method for conducting maintenance on a chromatography column: The present invention relates to methods for conducting maintenance on chromatography columns used in industrial-scale chromatography. In particular, the invention is concerned with safer methods for performing maintenance on such columns, such as cleaning and replacing bed supports, distributors, nozzles, O-rings and other column components, by the use of a... Agent: Ge Healthcare Bio-sciences Corp. Patent Department
20100276372 - Mercury adsorbent composition, process of making same and method of separating mercury from fluids: A heavy metal adsorbent composition configured for use as a mercury adsorbent composition, agent or product is shown. The mercury adsorbent composition comprises a natural diatomite in the form of siliceous frustules of diatoms having a surface punctuated by a series of openings defining frustule structures having sizes in the... Agent: Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner LLP
20100276373 - Thimerosal removal device: A device for the removal of heavy metals and heavy metal complexes, such as thimerosal, from medications is provided wherein the device comprises a solid support having at least one substantially purified metallothionein protein associated therewith.... Agent: K&l Gates LLP
20100276374 - Method of making zirconia-containing nanoparticles: A method of preparing zirconia-containing nanoparticles and a method of preparing a composite material that includes the zirconia-containing nanoparticles are provided. A method of treating a zirconium carboxylate salt solution to remove alkali metal ions and alkaline earth ions is provided. The treated solution can be used as a feedstock... Agent: 3m Innovative Properties Company
20100276375 - Treatment of interface rag produced during heavy crude oil processing: A method for treating an interface rag includes the steps of removing a volume of rag at a controlled rate from an upstream rag source and passing the rag through a high pressure pump and a heater. The heater heats the rag to a temperature of at least 350° F.... Agent: Gable & Gotwals
20100276376 - Method for determining the exhaustion of a filter cartridge in a filter system with replaceable cartridge and device operating according to that method: For determining the exhaustion of a filter cartridge (8) according to the time elapsed since its activation, by means of a timer (15) and a control unit (16) associated therewith an operating time (TO) of useful life of the cartridge is calculated starting from its activation, and the calculating of... Agent: Castellano PLLC
20100276377 - Strainer assembly: A strainer system comprises a strainer housing having a first end portion and a second end portion, an inlet for raw fluid and an outlet for strained fluid, the outlet for strained fluid being disposed in the first end portion of the housing; a strainer basket having a strainer screen... Agent: Cameron International CorporationPrevious industry: Classifying, separating, and assorting solids
Next industry: Supports: racks
RSS FEED for 20150611:
Integrate FreshPatents.com into your RSS reader/aggregator or website to track weekly updates.
For more info, read this article.
Thank you for viewing Liquid purification or separation patents on the FreshPatents.com website. These are patent applications which have been filed in the United States. There are a variety ways to browse Liquid purification or separation patent applications on our website including browsing by date, agent, inventor, and industry. If you are interested in receiving occasional emails regarding Liquid purification or separation patents we recommend signing up for free keyword monitoring by email.
Advertise on FreshPatents.com - Rates & Info
FreshPatents.com Support - Terms & Conditions
Results in 0.20181 seconds