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(r)-3-((3s,4s)-3-fluoro-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)piperidin-1-yl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one and its prodrugs for the treatment of psychiatric disorders / Bristol-myers Squibb Company




(r)-3-((3s,4s)-3-fluoro-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)piperidin-1-yl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one and its prodrugs for the treatment of psychiatric disorders


The disclosure generally relates to compounds of formula I, including their salts, as well as compositions and methods of using the compounds. The compounds are ligands for the NR2B NMDA receptor and may be useful for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system.



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USPTO Applicaton #: #20170065573
Inventors: Lorin A. Thompson, Iii, John E. Macor


The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20170065573, (r)-3-((3s,4s)-3-fluoro-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)piperidin-1-yl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one and its prodrugs for the treatment of psychiatric disorders.


CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

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This Continuation application claims the benefit of U.S. Ser. No. 14/881,932 filed Oct. 13, 2015, which is a continuation application which claims the benefit of U.S. Ser. No. 14/591,372 filed Jan. 7, 2015, now U.S. Pat. No. 9,187,506, which is a Non-Provisional application which claims the benefit of Provisional application U.S. Ser. No. 61/925,405 filed Jan. 9, 2014, now expired, hereby incorporated by reference in their entireties.

BACKGROUND

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OF THE INVENTION

The disclosure generally relates to compounds of formula I, including their salts, as well as compositions and methods of using the compounds. The compounds are ligands for the NR2B NMDA receptor and may be useful for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system.

N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are ion channels which are gated by the binding of glutamate, an excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. They are thought to play a key role in the development of a number of neurological diseases, including depression, neuropathic pain, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. Functional NMDA receptors are tetrameric structures primarily composed of two NR1 and two NR2 subunits. The NR2 subunit is further subdivided into four individual subtypes: NR2A, NR2B, NR2C, and NR2D, which are differentially distributed throughout the brain. Antagonists or allosteric modulators of NMDA receptors, in particular NR2B subunit-containing channels, have been investigated as therapeutic agents for the treatment of major depressive disorder (G. Sanacora, 2008, Nature Rev. Drug Disc. 7: 426-437).

The NR2B receptor contains additional ligand binding sites in addition to that for glutamate. Non-selective NMDA antagonists such as Ketamine are pore blockers, interfering with the transport of Ca++ through the channel. Ketamine has demonstrated rapid and enduring antidepressant properties in human clinical trials as an i.v. drug. Additionally, efficacy was maintained with repeated, intermittent infusions of Ketamine (Zarate et al., 2006, Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 63: 856-864). This class of drugs, though, has limited therapeutic value because of its CNS side effects, including dissociative effects.

An allosteric, non-competitive binding site has also been identified in the N-terminal domain of NR2B. Agents which bind selectively at this site, such as Traxoprodil, exhibited a sustained antidepressant response and improved side effect profile in human clinical trials as an i.v. drug (Preskorn et al., 2008, J. Clin. Psychopharmacol., 28: 631-637, and F. S. Menniti, et al., 1998, CNS Drug Reviews, 4, 4, 307-322). However, development of drugs from this class has been hindered by low bioavailability, poor pharmacokinetics, and lack of selectivity against other pharmacological targets including the hERG ion channel. Blockade of the hERG ion channel can lead to cardiac arrythmias, including the potentially fatal Torsades de pointe, thus selectivity against this channel is critical. Thus, in the treatment of major depressive disorder, there remains an unmet clinical need for the development of effective NR2B-selective negative allosteric modulators which have a favorable tolerability profile.

NR2B receptor antagonists have been disclosed in PCT publication WO 2009/006437.

The invention provides technical advantages, for example, the compounds are novel and are ligands for the NR2B receptor and may be useful for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system. Additionally, the compounds provide advantages for pharmaceutical uses, for example, with regard to one or more of their mechanism of action, binding, inhibition efficacy, target selectivity, solubility, safety profiles, or bioavailability.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

One aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I

where:
Ar1 is phenyl or indanyl and is substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, and haloalkoxy;
Ar2 is phenyl substituted with 1 OR substituent and also substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, and haloalkoxy;
R is a prodrug moiety selected from the group consisting of alkyl esters, amino acid esters, alkoxy esters, phosphonic acids, phosphonic alkyl esters, alkoxyphosphononate acid, alkoxyphosphonate alkyl esters, alkyl carabamates, amino acid carbamates, alkyl phosporamidates, aryl phosphoramidates, and sulfamates;
X is a bond or C1-C3 alkylene;
n is 1 or 2; and
ring A is azetidinyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, homopiperidinyl, or homopiperazinyl and is substituted with 0-4 substituents selected from halo, alkyl, hydroxy, or alkoxy;
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Another aspect of the invention is a compound of the formula




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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20170065573 A1
Publish Date
03/09/2017
Document #
15357102
File Date
11/21/2016
USPTO Class
Other USPTO Classes
International Class
61K31/454
Drawings
0


Central Nervous System Iatric Ligand Prodrug Psychiatric Psychiatric Disorders Receptor

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20170309|20170065573|(r)-3-((3s,4s)-3-fluoro-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)piperidin-1-yl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)pyrrolidin-2-one and its prodrugs for the treatment of psychiatric disorders|The disclosure generally relates to compounds of formula I, including their salts, as well as compositions and methods of using the compounds. The compounds are ligands for the NR2B NMDA receptor and may be useful for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system. |Bristol-myers-Squibb-Company
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