FreshPatents.com Logo
stats FreshPatents Stats
n/a views for this patent on FreshPatents.com
Updated: December 09 2014
newTOP 200 Companies filing patents this week


Advertise Here
Promote your product, service and ideas.

    Free Services  

  • MONITOR KEYWORDS
  • Enter keywords & we'll notify you when a new patent matches your request (weekly update).

  • ORGANIZER
  • Save & organize patents so you can view them later.

  • RSS rss
  • Create custom RSS feeds. Track keywords without receiving email.

  • ARCHIVE
  • View the last few months of your Keyword emails.

  • COMPANY DIRECTORY
  • Patents sorted by company.

Your Message Here

Follow us on Twitter
twitter icon@FreshPatents

Animal deterrent device with insulated fasteners

last patentdownload pdfdownload imgimage previewnext patent

20140069350 patent thumbnailZoom

Animal deterrent device with insulated fasteners


An animal deterrent device and methods for installing and producing an animal deterrent device for delivering an electric shock to an animal, pest, or bird to be deterred, having the typical components of a non-conductive base to which the electrically conductive elements are attached. The bottom layer unfolds outward to allow sewing of the conductive elements to the top layer of the elongated base, while preventing the stitching from penetrating the bottom layer of the elongated base. The bottom layer is then folded back into place after sewing is completed, thereby insulating any hole, fastener, or conductive element that pushed through the top layer of the elongated base from water or other material that may congregate at the bottom exterior, preventing unwanted arcing to the exterior surface below.
Related Terms: Conductive Elements

USPTO Applicaton #: #20140069350 - Class: 119712 (USPTO) -
Animal Husbandry > Animal Controlling Or Handling (e.g., Restraining, Breaking, Training, Sorting, Conveying, Etc.)



Inventors: Cameron A. Riddell

view organizer monitor keywords


The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20140069350, Animal deterrent device with insulated fasteners.

last patentpdficondownload pdfimage previewnext patent

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation of co-pending U.S. application Ser. No. 13/533,923, filed Jun. 26, 2012, which is a continuation of co-pending U.S. application Ser. No. 13/533,846, filed Jun. 26, 2012, the entirety of which are incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD

This patent document relates in general to an animal deterrent device that delivers an electric shock to animals or pests that come into contact with it. In particular, this patent document pertains to such devices that are adapted for use as bird deterrent devices.

BACKGROUND

Electricity was first put to commercial and residential use in the United States in the late 1800's, to solve the age-old problem of darkness. Ever since, the ability of electrical current to deliver an electric shock to a person or animal has been recognized. Shortly thereafter, the non-lethal applications of electricity for use in encouraging the behavior of animals was commercially implemented. The electric cattle prod is perhaps the best known of those devices. Today, however, electricity is used in many ways with animals. As just a few examples, electric fences are used to keep farm animals in and predators out, and dog trainers use electrical stimulus in dog collars to assist with dog training.

An age-old problem that has been perplexing mankind since long before the discovery and harnessing of electricity is the propensity of pests in general, but particularly birds, to land in areas where their human neighbors would prefer they did not. An incredible array of devices have been used to dissuade birds from landing or roosting in areas undesirable to humans. Metallic spikes, coil or rotating devices, sound-emitting devices, imitation predators, and even real predators, are just a few examples of bird deterrent devices that have been used.

At some point in the evolution of bird deterrent devices lethal and non-lethal electrical shock began to be employed as a bird deterrent. One device of this type is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 4,299,048. In one embodiment, a pair of copper wires connected to a power source are embedded in opposite sides of a cable of appropriate diameter such that when the birds of choice (in this case, starlings) land on the cable, their feet touch both wires, closing the circuit and thereby delivering a lethal shock to the birds.

U.S. Pat. No. 6,283,064 discloses another version of a bird and pest deterrent device in which a pair of crimped copper wires are appropriately spaced apart so that the bird's or other pest's feet will touch both wires, resulting in a short circuit and delivering a shock to the bird or other pest.

Other devices for carrying electric charges for discouraging birds and other pests are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,294,893; 3,366,854; 3,717,802; 4,299,048; and 5,850,808. A common idea to all of these devices is the concept of appropriately spaced-apart electrical contacts which will both be connected by the bird's (or other pest's) feet (or other part of their anatomy) so as to deliver the appropriate electric shock.

U.S. Pat. No. 7,481,021 to Riddell uses a flexible track and replaces the typically-used wire with a braided conductive element that may be sewn to the base. This configuration helps alleviate the problem of the wire separating from its base when the track is bent to fit certain surfaces.

Some other devices and methods are disclosed, for example, in the following: U.S. Pat. Nos. 8,015,747; 8,020,340; and international applications WO 95/08915; and WO 2012/040009.

While all of these devices work at least initially to a degree in some installations, the designs of the current systems exhibit problems. One problem is the unwanted shorting of the conductive wires due to an accumulation of water beneath the track or base. For example, the stitching used to secure the metal braids or metal mesh to flexible polyvinyl chloride (“PVC”) extrusions can create problems with respect to arcing to some surface materials. Occasionally, the sewing machine's needle breaks a wire strand and pushes it through the bottom of the base. When the wire is electrified these strands can arc with a wet or metal surface below. In addition, water that pools underneath the track can be absorbed by the thread used to sew the conductive wire to the base, creating a conductor and causing an arc to the surface below. Raising the stitch off the surface by means of a groove does not eliminate this problem.

While the existing animal deterrents are useful to a degree, they still suffer from certain drawbacks that may cause undesired short circuiting of the device. Therefore, there exists a need in the art for an improved electrical shock deterrent device that solves or at least alleviates some or all of these problems.

SUMMARY

OF THE EMBODIMENTS

Systems and methods for deterring animals by using electrical animal deterrent devices and systems and methods of installing and manufacturing such animal deterrent devices are disclosed and claimed herein.

As described more fully below, the apparatus and processes of the embodiments disclosed permit improved systems and methods for deterring animals by using electrical animal deterrent devices and systems and methods of installing and manufacturing such animal deterrent devices. Further aspects, objects, desirable features, and advantages of the apparatus and methods disclosed herein will be better understood and apparent to one skilled in the relevant art in view of the detailed description and drawings that follow, in which various embodiments are illustrated by way of example. It is to be expressly understood, however, that the drawings are for the purpose of illustration only and are not intended as a definition of the limits of the claimed embodiments.

To this end, an animal deterrent device is provided, the animal deterrent device comprising an elongated base having a cross section including a top layer with a top surface and a bottom surface, and a bottom layer; a first conductive element extending perpendicular to the cross section along the top surface of the top layer; and a first fastener that couples the first conductive element to the top surface at a first connection point and extends from the first conductive element through the top layer to a second connection point on the bottom surface of the top layer; wherein the bottom layer insulates the first fastener at the second connection point from an exterior.

In another embodiment, the bottom layer is coupled to the top layer enclosing a gap. In yet another embodiment, the cross section of the elongated base has a slit that extends from an exterior to the gap. In another embodiment, the slit is positioned such that it creates a flap in the top layer or the bottom layer, wherein the flap covers at least a portion of the gap. In some embodiments, the flap is sufficiently flexible to allow it to be folded to obtain access to a bottom surface of the top layer from an exterior.

In certain embodiments, the animal deterrent device further comprises a second conductive element coupled to the top surface of the top layer and extending parallel to the first conductive element. In another embodiment, an adhesive is disposed on a portion of the first fastener that extends into the gap. In yet another embodiment, the first conductive element is sewn to the elongated base. In another embodiment, the first fastener extends from the first conductive element through the top layer and through the bottom layer.

In some embodiments, the cross section includes a center divider connecting the top layer and the bottom layer and is located substantially in a center of the elongated base and extending substantially perpendicular to the top layer. In another embodiment, the bottom layer is coupled to the top layer by the center divider. In yet another embodiment, the first conductive element and the second conductive element are attachable respectively to the positive and negative terminals of a power source. In another embodiment, the thickness of the bottom layer increases proximate to the slit.

In some embodiments, the animal deterrent device further comprises an anchor protruding down from the bottom surface of the top layer. In another embodiment, a portion of the anchor proximate to its bottom is thicker than a portion of the anchor further from its bottom.

In another embodiment, the anchor is an inverted T shape. In yet another embodiment, the anchor and the bottom layer are sealed with an adhesive. In another embodiment, further comprising an anchor protruding down from the bottom surface of the top layer, the thickness of the gap tapers down proximate to the anchor.

In another embodiment, the first fastener extends through the bottom layer to a third connection point on the bottom surface of the bottom layer.

In certain embodiments, the first conductive element is made of metal. In another embodiment, the first conductive element further comprises a braided wire. In yet another embodiment, the braided wire comprises some strands of a conductive material and other strands of a non-conductive material. In another embodiment, a gap at an end of the elongated base is sealed off from an exterior.

In some embodiments, the animal deterrent device further comprises an arc suppressor disposed between the first conductive element and the second conductive element. In another embodiment, the thickness of the top layer decreases proximate to the first fastener. In yet another embodiment, a surface area of the bottom surface of the bottom layer is increased over a substantial portion of the bottom surface of the bottom layer.

In one form, the present disclosure provides an animal deterrent device, comprising a first non-conductive piece having a top side and a bottom side a conductive element coupled to the first non-conductive piece with a first fastener that extends from the non-conductive piece to the bottom side; and a second non-conductive piece coupled to the first non-conductive piece wherein the second non-conductive piece covers the first fastener and insulates the first fastener from an exterior.

In certain embodiments, the first non conductive piece is coupled to the second non-conductive piece by an adhesive. In another embodiment, the second non-conductive piece is coupled to the first non-conductive piece by interlocking. In yet another embodiment, the first nonconductive piece and the second non conductive piece comprise an interlocking shape; and wherein the interlocking shape is selected from the group of a T-shape, a stemmed inverted V-shape, a stemmed inverted U-shape, a stemmed circular shape, and an arrowhead shape.

In one form, the present disclosure provides an animal deterrent device, comprising an elongated base having a hollow interior space forming a top inside surface and a bottom inside surface; a first conductive element coupled to an outside of the elongated base by a first fastener that extends through to the top inside surface; and a second conductive element coupled to an outside of the elongated base by a second fastener that extends through to the top inside surface.

In another embodiment, the elongated base has a slit that extends from the outside of the elongated base to the hollow interior space.

In one form, the present disclosure provides a method of installing an animal deterrent device, comprising the steps of applying an adhesive between a bottom layer of the animal deterrent device and an external surface; and pressing the animal deterrent device towards the external surface such that an anchor of the animal deterrent device is pressed into the adhesive; wherein the animal deterrent device comprises an elongated base having a cross section including a top layer with a top surface and a bottom surface, and the bottom layer, a first conductive element extending perpendicular to the cross section along the top surface of the top layer, a first fastener that couples the first conductive element to the top surface at a first connection point and extends from the first conductive element through the top layer to a second connection point on the bottom surface of the top layer, and the anchor protruding down from the bottom surface of the top layer, wherein the bottom layer insulates the first fastener at the second connection point from an exterior.

In some embodiments, the pressing step further comprises pressing the animal deterrent device towards the external surface such that the adhesive pushes a flap on a side of the anchor upwards as the animal deterrent device is pressed into the adhesive. In another embodiment, the adhesive enters a space between the anchor and the flap as the animal deterrent device is pressed towards the external surface. In another embodiment, the adhesive is squeezed in a direction away from the anchor during the pressing step. In yet another embodiment, a portion of the anchor proximate to its bottom is thicker than a portion of the anchor further from its bottom. In certain embodiments, the anchor is an inverted T shape. In another embodiment, the anchor further comprises a ridge wherein the adhesive is disposed on a top surface of the ridge after the pressing step. In yet another embodiment, the first conductive element and a second conductive element coupled to the top surface of the top layer are attachable respectively to the positive and negative terminals of a power source.

In one form, the present disclosure provides a method of installing an animal deterrent device, comprising the steps of applying an adhesive between a bottom layer of the animal deterrent device and an external surface; and pressing the animal deterrent device towards the external surface such that an anchor of the animal deterrent device is pressed into the adhesive; wherein the animal deterrent device comprises an elongated base having a hollow interior space forming a top inside surface and a bottom inside surface, a first conductive element coupled to an outside of the elongated base by a first fastener that extends through to the top inside surface, a second conductive element coupled to an outside of the elongated base by a second fastener that extends through to the top inside surface, and the anchor protruding down from the top inside surface.

In one form, the present disclosure provides a process for producing an animal deterrent device, the process comprising the steps of forming an elongated base having a cross section including a top layer with a top surface and a bottom surface, and a bottom layer; cutting the elongated base to create a first slit, where the first slit is positioned such that it creates a flap; folding the flap to obtain access to the bottom side of the top layer; and fastening a first conductive element to the top side of the top layer with a first fastener, such that the first fastener extends from the first conductive element to the bottom side of the top layer.

In another embodiment, the process further comprises the step of sealing the first slit. In another embodiment, the first slit is sealed with an adhesive. In yet another embodiment, the cutting step is performed by a first blade creating the first slit; and a second blade creating a second slit. In another embodiment, the first slit and the second slit are made at the same time. In yet another embodiment, the first blade is parallel to the second blade. In another embodiment, the first blade and the second blade are angled towards each other.

In some embodiments, the forming step is performed by extruding the elongated base. In another embodiment, the first slit is cut in the bottom layer. In another embodiment, the first slit is cut in the top layer.

In one form, the present disclosure provides a process for producing an animal deterrent device, the process comprising the steps of forming a top layer of an elongated base, wherein the top layer has a bottom side and a top side; forming a bottom layer of an elongated base; fastening a first conductive element to the top side of the top layer with a first fastener at a first connection point, such that the first fastener extends from the first conductive element to a second connection point on the bottom side of the top layer; and coupling the bottom layer to the bottom side of the top layer. In another embodiment, the bottom layer insulates the first fastener at the second connection point from an exterior. In yet another embodiment, the bottom layer is coupled to the top layer by an adhesive. In another embodiment, the bottom layer is coupled to the top layer by stitching. In some embodiments, the forming steps are performed by extrusion.

These and other objects, features, aspects, and advantages of the present patent document will become better understood with reference to the following description and accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 illustrates a perspective view of an electric deterrent device in accordance with the principles of existing designs.

FIG. 2 illustrates a cross-sectional view of an animal deterring device in accordance with the principles of existing designs.

FIG. 3 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a deterrent arrangement in accordance with the principles of existing designs.

FIG. 4 illustrates a cross-sectional view of a deterrent device in accordance with the principles of existing designs.

FIG. 5 illustrates a perspective view of one preferred embodiment of the present patent document.

FIG. 6 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of one embodiment of the preferred animal deterrent device of FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of one embodiment of the preferred animal deterrent device of FIG. 5 with pieces of the bottom layer folded outward.

FIG. 8 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document without a center divider.

FIG. 9 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document with gap extensions.

FIG. 10 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document with angled slits.

FIG. 11 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document without a center divider, where the slit is toward the edge of the gap.

FIG. 12 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document with a center divider, where the slits are toward the edges of the gaps.

FIG. 12A illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document with the bottom layer folded downward instead of outward.

FIG. 13 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the slits are in the top layer of the elongated base.

FIG. 14 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the slits are in the edges of the gap.

FIG. 15 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where there is a slit between the top layer and bottom layer.

FIG. 16 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the center divider also comprises an interlocking shape.

FIG. 17 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the fasteners are attached through the bottom layer.

FIG. 18 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the thickness of the bottom layer increases proximate to the slits.

FIG. 19 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the ends of the flaps are angled.

FIG. 20 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the protrusions are positioned a distance on the flaps away from the slits.

FIG. 21 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the protrusions are extending downward instead of upward into the gaps.

FIG. 22 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the anchor is embedded into an adhesive.

FIG. 23 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of another embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the thickness of the gaps taper down proximate to the anchor.

FIG. 24 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the tapered portions are angled.

FIG. 25 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where there are interlocking shapes on the sides that help to hold the bottom layer to the top layer.

FIG. 26 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of an alternative embodiment of an animal deterrent device of the present patent document where the bottom layer is ridged to increase the bottom surface area of the elongated base.

FIG. 27 illustrates an embodiment of a method for installing an animal deterrent device.

FIG. 28 illustrates a process for producing some embodiments of the present patent document.

FIG. 29 illustrates a process for producing additional embodiments of the present patent document.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

OF THE EMBODIMENTS

Reference will now be made to the drawings in which the various elements of the present disclosure will be given numerical designations and in which the present disclosure will be discussed so as to enable one skilled in the art to make and use the present disclosure. It is to be understood that the following description is only exemplary of the principles of the present disclosure, and should not be viewed as narrowing the claims. Additionally, it should be appreciated that the components of the individual embodiments discussed may be selectively combined in accordance with the teachings of the present disclosure. Furthermore, it should be appreciated that various embodiments will accomplish different objects of the present disclosure, and that some embodiments falling within the scope of the present disclosure may not accomplish all of the advantages or objects which other embodiments may achieve.

Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown a perspective view of an electric deterrent device in accordance with the principles of existing designs. The base 10 has a flat lower surface 20 that is presented for attachment to the surface of the location from which the pests or birds are to be deterred. The cross-sectional shape of the base 10 is essentially co-joined pedestals that each present an elevated section and each having and upper flat surface to which the braided elements 12a and 12b are attached. A central gap exists between the two elevated sections, and is useful to provide for water run-off to prevent accidental short circuiting of the device in the presence of water which may accumulate due to rain or irrigation. Holes 30 are placed through the base 10 at regular intervals along the entire length of the base to facilitate attachment of the device to the perch location (not shown). There is a single line of stitching 36 down the longitudinal center of each braided element 12a and 12b.

Referring to FIG. 2, there is shown a cross-sectional view of an animal deterring device in accordance with the principles of existing designs. The device 300 has an elongated carrier 302, to which conductive traces 320 and 322 can be coupled using any commercially suitable fastener. Each of the conductive traces 320 and 322 are coupled to carrier 302 by threads 330 and 332, respectively. The traces 320 and 322 may be coupled to the carrier 302 on a horizontal surface or an angled surface 304, and are disposed over glue troughs 340 and 342, respectively. The first trace 320 is coupled to the carrier 302 by a thread 330 that extends from the first trace 320 to the first glue trough 340 to form first and second seams, and the second trace 322 is coupled to the carrier 302 by a thread 332 that extends from the second trace 322 to the second glue trough 342 to form third and fourth seams. The traces 320 and 322 can be separated by an arc suppressor 310.

Referring to FIG. 3, there is shown a cross-sectional view of a deterrent arrangement in accordance with the principles of existing designs. The base 3 of the body portion is provided with a plurality of indentations or slots 8, which are longitudinally extending along the length of the elongate body portion 2. The indentations or slots 8 are provided with a restricted mouth or entry portion 9, which leads into an enlarged main portion 10c of the indentations 8. The laterally spaced apart elongate lengths of live wire 6, and earth wire 7, are moulded into or attached to, the opposing sloping sides 4 and 5 of the body portion 2, the body portion 2 is provided with angled sloping sides 4, 5, with the lengths of live wire 6 and earth wire 7 being provided on the sides thereof, adjacent to but spaced apart from lower ends 4a, 5a thereof.

Referring now to FIG. 4, there is shown a cross-sectional view of a deterrent device in accordance with the principles of existing designs. The deterrent device 40 has an elongated carrier made of an upper base portion 42, and a lower base portion 43. Conductors 41a and 41b slide into slots in the upper base portion 42. The lower base portion 43 slides onto the upper base portion 42. The lower base portion 43 has a corrugated bottom 44.

In accordance with the present disclosure, improved animal deterrent devices and methods are disclosed which address, or at least ameliorate one or more of the problems of existing designs. The improved animal deterrent devices of the present disclosure are an improvement over existing designs at least because they insulate a fastener from rain or water that may pool underneath the bottom of the device.

FIG. 5 illustrates a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the present patent document. In a preferred embodiment, the animal deterrent device includes an elongated base 110 and a pair of conductive elements 130a and 130b attached thereto. In various embodiments, the elongated base 110 may be a variety of different shapes. It should be understood that only those specific elements of the shape of the elongated base 110 described in the claims limit the embodiments claimed.

The elongated base 110 comprises a bottom layer 112 that may be attached to the exterior surface of the location from which the pests or birds are to be deterred. The elongated base 110 comprises a top layer 114. In some embodiments the top layer 114 includes horizontal or angled surfaces 116a and 116b where the conductive elements 130a and 130b are coupled to the elongated base 110. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 5, the conductive elements 130a and 130b are separated by an arc suppressor 140. In this embodiment, the shape of the elongated base is an elongated extrusion with a substantially flat top layer 114 and bottom layer 112, but any shape of the elongated base 110 may be used. The conductive elements 130a and 130b are shown to be rectangular shapes, but round or other shapes may be used as well. The elongated base 110 may also be referred to herein as a base, as an elongated extrusion, or as an extrusion. In other embodiments, the elongated base 110 may either be made from a conductive element, or contain a conductive element. The animal deterrent device may be attached to the surface of the location from which the pests or birds are to be deterred by many different methods, including but not limited to staples, adhesive, nails, pins, tacs, adhesive, screws, nuts and bolts, or a combination thereof, as well as many others. In a preferred embodiment, glue is applied along the center of the bottom of elongated base 110 as a strip or bead in the axial direction. In another embodiment, the glue is applied intermittently along the center of the bottom of the elongated base 110. The device may have angled or sloped portions on its top layer 114 so that in the case of rain or water or other liquid, the liquid will run away down the sloping sides, and will not collect on or about the conductive elements. The elongated base 110 may be made by extrusion, casting thermoforming, molding, or by any other method.

In FIG. 5, the dotted line extending down the middle of the conductive elements 130a and 130b represents the fasteners 150a and 150b such as a stitch or staple. Generally speaking, any fastener may be used to couple the conductive elements 130a and 130b to the elongated base 110. In a preferred embodiment, a stitch or staple is used as a fastener. In other embodiments, other fasteners may include nails, pins, tacs, adhesive, screws and nuts and bolts to name a few.

The animal deterrent device 100 has an elongated base 110 that has a cross section including a top layer 114 with a top surface and a bottom surface, and a bottom layer 112. A first conductive element 130a extends perpendicular to the cross section along the top surface of the top layer 114, and a first fastener 150a that couples the first conductive element 130a to the top surface at a first connection point and extends from the first conductive element 130a through the top layer to a second connection point on the bottom surface of the top layer 114, wherein the bottom layer 112 insulates the first fastener 150a at the second connection point from an exterior (not shown). The top layer 114 has a top surface and a bottom surface. The top surface of the top layer 114 may be referred to as a top side. The bottom surface of the top layer 114 may be referred to as a bottom side. The bottom layer 112 has a top surface and a bottom surface. The top surface of the bottom layer 112 may also be referred to as a top side. The bottom surface of the bottom layer 112 may also be referred to as a bottom side.

FIG. 6 illustrates a vertical cross sectional view of one embodiment of the preferred animal deterrent device 100 of FIG. 5. In a preferred embodiment of the animal deterrent device, the conductive elements 130a and 130b are braided, such as the braided elements described in U.S. Pat. No. 7,481,021 to Riddell, but they may also be knitted, mesh, interlocking loops, or other configurations. In some embodiments, the first conductive element may comprise a braided wire, wherein the braided wire comprises some strands of a conductive material and other strands of a non-conductive material. The conductive elements 130a and 130b are coupled to the elongated base 110 with fasteners 150a and 150b. In a preferred embodiment, the fastener may be a stitch or series of stitches that couple the conductive elements 130a and 130b to the elongated base 110. This type of coupling may be referred to as sewing. The conductive element 130a may be referred to as the first conductive element, and the conductive element 130b may be referred to as the second conductive element. The fastener 150a may be referred to as a first fastener, and the fastener 150b may be referred to as a second fastener. In some embodiments, the first conductive element may further comprise a braided wire. In some embodiments, such as in ones comprising a braided wire, the wire strands that comprise the conductive element may be comprised of some strands of a conductive material and other strands of a non-conductive material.

The elongated base 110 includes gaps 220a and 220b. The gaps 220a and 220b may also be called hollow interior spaces. In one method of manufacturing the elongated base 110, gaps 220a and 220b are created below the conductive elements 130a and 130b during the formation process. In one embodiment, the elongated base 110 is made by extrusion. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 5, slits 230a and 230b are cut into the bottom layer 112, creating flaps 112a and 112b. In this embodiment, the slits 230a and 230b extend from an exterior through the bottom layer 112 into the gaps 220a and 220b. The flaps 112a and 112b serve to separate or insulate the fasteners 150a and 150b from an exterior. An exterior may be anything that is not part of the animal deterrent device 100. The exterior may include any exterior surface that the base 110 of the animal deterrent device 100 may be attached to.

Slits 230a and 230b allow the bottom layer 112 of the elongated base 110 to fold outward away from the gaps 220a and 220b exposing the inside of the elongated base 110 and the bottom side of the top layer 114. The slits 230a and 230b may be made at any locations of the elongated base 110, including the bottom layer, the top layer, or the sides or edges. In different embodiments different numbers of slits may be used. A slit may be a gap of any width. A gap may also be any size, even as thin as a slit. A slit may be any shape. A gap may also be any shape. In one embodiment, the gaps 220a and 220b in an end of the elongated base 110 may be sealed off from the exterior. The gaps may be sealed by any means, including, but not limited to, by gluing, clamping, heat-melting, or any method that prevents water or other material that could undesirably short circuit the animal deterrent device from entering the gaps.

FIG. 7 illustrates a cross section of one embodiment of the animal deterrent device 100 with portions of the bottom layer 112 in a bent position. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 7, the edges of the gaps 220a and 220b are made of a material flexible enough to allow a portion of the bottom layer 112 to be bent outward enough to expose the inside of the top layer 114 of the elongated base 110. The portions of the bottom layer 112 of the elongated base 110 that are bent outward in FIG. 7 are flaps 112a and 112b.

In a preferred embodiment, it is desirable to fold a portion of the bottom layer 112 away from the gap so that the conductive element may be fastened to the top layer 114 more easily. Folding the bottom layer 112 away from the gap may also prevent the fasteners 150a and 150b from accidentally being coupled to the bottom layer 112 when coupling the conductive element to the top layer 114.

In a preferred process for coupling the conductive elements 130a and 130b to the animal deterrent device 100, the bottom layer 112 is unfolded outward to allow the conductive elements 130a and 130b to be fastened to the top layer 114 of the elongated base 110, while preventing the fasteners 150a and 150b from penetrating the bottom layer 112 of the elongated base 110. The flaps 112a and 112b may then be folded back into place after the conductive elements 130a and 130b are attached, insulating the fasteners 150a and 150b from the exterior. In a preferred embodiment, the bottom layer 112 provides insulation for the fasteners 150a and 150b that may penetrate through the bottom side of the top layer 114 by preventing rain, water, other liquid, animal waste (such as bird excrement), or other material that may pool underneath the elongated base 110 from traveling through any holes made in the top layer 114 during fastening or being absorbed by the fasteners 150a and 150b, thereby preventing an undesired short circuit in the animal deterrent device 100. The bottom layer 112 also provides insulation for conductive elements 130a and 130b that may have been pushed through the top layer 114 in the fastening process, such as by a needle pushing a portion of a conductor through the bottom surface of the top layer 114. In some embodiments, after the conductive elements 130a and 130b have been attached, the flaps 112a and 112b may subsequently be secured back into place with an adhesive such as glue, thereby further insulating any portion of the fasteners 150a and 150b that pushed through the top layer 114 of the elongated base 110 from the exterior, and thus preventing arcing to the exterior surface below. In a preferred embodiment, it may be desirable to have the adhesive act as an additional insulator for the fasteners 150a and 150b against an exterior environment. In other embodiments, the flaps 112a and 112b may be secured by other methods, including, but not limited to, screws, bolts, staples, nails, or any other method as long as the flaps 112a and 112b insulate the connection points of the fasteners 150a and 150b from an exterior.

During one embodiment of the manufacturing process, a portion of the bottom layer 112 that is folded away from the gap may be held in place in the configuration of FIG. 7 either by an operator or by some mechanical device or other means. While the flaps 112a and 112b are folded away, the conductive elements 130a and 130b are coupled to the elongated base 110 with fasteners 150a and 150b. As a result, in this embodiment, the fasteners 150a and 150b just extend through the top layer 114.

In some embodiments, an adhesive or glue may be applied to an area inside the gaps 220a and 220b. In one embodiment, the adhesive applied inside the gap further insulates the fasteners 150a and 150b so that when the portion of the elongated base 110 that was folded away during manufacturing is released and retakes its former position at the bottom layer 112 of the elongated base 110, the fasteners 150a and 150b are then insulated by both the adhesive and the bottom of the elongated base 110 from the exterior. In some embodiments, only a portion of the gap is filled with adhesive while in other embodiments the entire gap may be filled or substantially filled. In another embodiment, the adhesive may be applied to the portion of the fasteners 150a and 150b that protrude into the gap.

In certain embodiments, the elongated base 110 may include cavities, grooves, or holes, to help in mounting the animal deterrent device 100 to the desired surface. These cavities, grooves, or holes may be filled with an adhesive such as glue. In yet other embodiments, the elongated base 110 may be mechanically attached to a desired surface. In such embodiments, attachment may be facilitated by screws, bolts, staples, nails, or any mechanical fastener. In some embodiments both adhesives and mechanical fasteners 150a and 150b may be used to attach the elongated base 110 to a desired surface. In certain embodiments, a center point reference mark 260 may be included in the elongated base 110. In other embodiments, no center point reference mark may be used.

The dimensions of a preferred embodiment will now be recited. These dimensions represent the dimensions of one preferred embodiment by way of example, and other embodiments may have other dimensions. In a preferred embodiment, the elongated base 110 is approximately 1.5 inches wide and approximately 0.35 inches high (from the bottom layer 112 to the top layer 114 of the arc suppressor 140). The width of each of the areas of the surfaces 116a and 116b adjacent to the arc suppressor 140 where the conductive elements 130a and 130b are attached to is approximately 0.23 inches. The width of the areas of the angled surfaces 118a and 118b that extend from the outer edges of the surfaces 116a and 116b to the edge of the elongated base 110 is 0.25 inches. The width of the arc suppressor 140 is 0.54 inches. The distance between the longitudinal centerline of the arc suppressor 140 and the adjacent edge of the surfaces 116a and 116b is 0.27 inches. The height of the arc suppressor 140 is 0.112 inches. The thickness of the top layer 114 is 0.118 inches, and the thickness of the bottom layer 112 is 0.055 inches. The vertical thickness of the gaps 220a and 220b is 0.065 inches. The center divider 240 has a width of 0.115 inches. The width of the gaps 220a and 220b from the edge of the center divider 240 to the edge of each gap is 0.6 inches. The height of the gaps 220a and 220b is 0.065 inches. The radial thickness of the edge 250 is 0.095 inches. The center point reference mark 260 has a height of 0.020 inches and a width of 0.020 inches.



Download full PDF for full patent description/claims.

Advertise on FreshPatents.com - Rates & Info


You can also Monitor Keywords and Search for tracking patents relating to this Animal deterrent device with insulated fasteners patent application.
###
monitor keywords

Keyword Monitor How KEYWORD MONITOR works... a FREE service from FreshPatents
1. Sign up (takes 30 seconds). 2. Fill in the keywords to be monitored.
3. Each week you receive an email with patent applications related to your keywords.  
Start now! - Receive info on patent apps like Animal deterrent device with insulated fasteners or other areas of interest.
###


Previous Patent Application:
Sonic stick
Next Patent Application:
Dog vest with integrated flexible bumper
Industry Class:
Animal husbandry
Thank you for viewing the Animal deterrent device with insulated fasteners patent info.
- - - Apple patents, Boeing patents, Google patents, IBM patents, Jabil patents, Coca Cola patents, Motorola patents

Results in 0.64028 seconds


Other interesting Freshpatents.com categories:
Medical: Surgery Surgery(2) Surgery(3) Drug Drug(2) Prosthesis Dentistry  

###

Data source: patent applications published in the public domain by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Information published here is for research/educational purposes only. FreshPatents is not affiliated with the USPTO, assignee companies, inventors, law firms or other assignees. Patent applications, documents and images may contain trademarks of the respective companies/authors. FreshPatents is not responsible for the accuracy, validity or otherwise contents of these public document patent application filings. When possible a complete PDF is provided, however, in some cases the presented document/images is an abstract or sampling of the full patent application for display purposes. FreshPatents.com Terms/Support
-g2-0.2434
Key IP Translations - Patent Translations

     SHARE
  
           

stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20140069350 A1
Publish Date
03/13/2014
Document #
13774241
File Date
02/22/2013
USPTO Class
119712
Other USPTO Classes
International Class
01M29/26
Drawings
16


Your Message Here(14K)


Conductive Elements


Follow us on Twitter
twitter icon@FreshPatents



Animal Husbandry   Animal Controlling Or Handling (e.g., Restraining, Breaking, Training, Sorting, Conveying, Etc.)