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Methods of manufacturing a die body

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20140060253 patent thumbnailZoom

Methods of manufacturing a die body


A method of making a die body configured to extrude a honeycomb body, the method comprising the step (I) of manufacturing a die body and the step (II) of predetermining an upstream slot width W1 of the die body such that the upstream slot width W1 is optimized while a root of each die pin includes a section modulus within a predetermined section modulus range. The method still further comprises the step (III) of predetermining a slot length L such that a pin stress is within a predetermined pin stress range.
Related Terms: Honeycomb

USPTO Applicaton #: #20140060253 - Class: 761071 (USPTO) -
Metal Tools And Implements, Making > Blank Or Process >Die

Inventors: Thomas William Brew, Steven John Kremer, Christopher John Malarkey, Bryan Michael Miller

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The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20140060253, Methods of manufacturing a die body.

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FIELD

The present disclosure relates generally to methods of manufacturing a die body and, more particularly, to methods of manufacturing a die body including predetermining an upstream slot width and a slot length.

BACKGROUND

It is known to manufacture die bodies with a plurality of feed holes and an array of pins that are spaced apart to define a honeycomb network of discharge slots. The die body may be mounted to portions of an extrusion die apparatus to extrude a green body from a batch of ceramic and/or ceramic-forming material. The green body is typically subsequently processed into a ceramic honeycomb substrate that may be used as a particulate filter and/or a catalytic carrier to process exhaust, for example, from a diesel engine.

SUMMARY

In a first aspect, a method of making a die body configured to extrude a honeycomb body. The method comprises the step (I) of manufacturing a die body including a plurality of feed holes and an array of pins that are spaced apart to define a honeycomb network of discharge slots in fluid communication with the feed holes. Each discharge slot is manufactured with a slot length L. Each discharge slot is further manufactured with an upstream portion with an upstream slot width W1 in fluid communication with at least one feed hole and a downstream portion with a downstream slot width W2 in fluid communication with an extrusion face of the die body. The upstream portion and the downstream portion of each discharge slot are manufactured such that W1>W2. The method further includes the step (II) of predetermining the upstream slot width W1 such that the upstream slot width W1 is optimized while a root of each die pin includes a section modulus within a predetermined optimized section modulus range. The method also includes the step (III) of predetermining the slot length L such that a pin stress is within a predetermined pin stress range.

In accordance with one example of the first aspect, step (II) predetermines the upstream slot width W1 such that the upstream slot width W1 is maximized while the root of each die pin includes a section modulus within a predetermined maximized section modulus range.

In accordance with another example of the first aspect, the predetermined optimized section modulus range of step (II) includes a range of from about 9.3×10−6 cm3 to about 2.8×10−5 cm3.

In accordance with still another example of the first aspect, the predetermined pin stress range of step (III) includes a range of from about 240 MPa to about 750 MPa.

In accordance with yet another example of the first aspect, the predetermined pin stress range of step (III) is based on a calculated pin stress of a reference die body including a reference slot having a substantially constant reference slot width substantially equal to W2 along an overall length of the reference slot.

In accordance with another example of the first aspect, the predetermined stress range of step (III) is determined based by a calculated pin stress of the die body undergoing a cleaning procedure.

In accordance with yet another example of the first aspect, wherein step (I) includes manufacturing the die body as a monolithic single piece die body.

In accordance with still another example of the first aspect, wherein step (I) includes manufacturing the die body with L≦about 2.5 mm.

In accordance with a further example of the first aspect, wherein step (I) includes manufacturing the die body with W2≦about 255 μm.

In accordance with another further example of the first aspect, step (I) manufactures the upstream portion of the slot with a length L1 and the downstream portion of the slot with a length L2, wherein L≧about L1+L2.

In accordance with another example of the first aspect, step (I) manufactures each discharge slot with a transition region between the upstream portion and the downstream portion of the discharge slot, the transition region including a transition surface extending at an angle α from a surface of the upstream portion to a surface of the downstream portion of the discharge slot, wherein 45°≦α≦60°.

In accordance with still another example of the first aspect, step (I) manufactures at least one pin of the array of pins with a divot located within the downstream portion of the discharge slot.

Any of the examples of the first aspect listed above may be carried out alone or in any combination of the remaining examples of the first aspect listed above.

In accordance with a second aspect, a method of making a die body configured to extrude a honeycomb body is provided. The method includes the step (I) of manufacturing a die body including a plurality of feed holes and an array of pins that are spaced apart to define a honeycomb network of discharge slots in fluid communication with the feed holes. Each discharge slot is manufactured with a slot length L. Each discharge slot is further manufactured with an upstream portion with an upstream slot width W1 in fluid communication with at least one feed hole and a downstream portion with a downstream slot width W2 in fluid communication with an extrusion face of the die body. The upstream portion and the downstream portion of each discharge slot are manufactured such that W1>W2. The method further includes step (II) of predetermining the upstream slot width W1 to provide a root of each die pin includes a section modulus within a predetermined section modulus range of from about 9.3×10−6 cm3 to about 2.8×10−5 cm3. The method still further includes the step (III) of predetermining the slot length L such that a pin stress is within a predetermined pin stress range based on a calculated pin stress of a reference die body including a reference slot having a substantially constant reference slot width substantially equal to W2 along an overall length of the reference slot.

In accordance with an example of the second aspect, the predetermined pin stress range of step (III) includes a range of from about 240 MPa to about 750 MPa.

In accordance with another example of the second aspect, step (II) predetermines the upstream slot width W1 such that the upstream slot width W1 is maximized while the root of each die pin includes a section modulus within the predetermined section modulus range.

In accordance with still another example of the second aspect, step (I) includes manufacturing the die body as a monolithic single piece die body.

Any of the examples of the second aspect listed above may be carried out alone or in any combination of the remaining examples of the second aspect listed above.

In accordance with a third aspect, a method of making a die body configured to extrude a honeycomb body is provided. The method includes the step (I) of manufacturing a die body including a plurality of feed holes and an array of pins that are spaced apart to define a honeycomb network of discharge slots in fluid communication with the feed holes. Each discharge slot is manufactured with a slot length L. Each discharge slot is further manufactured with an upstream portion with an upstream slot width W1 in fluid communication with at least one feed hole and a downstream portion with a downstream slot width W2 in fluid communication with an extrusion face of the die body. The upstream portion and the downstream portion of each discharge slot are manufactured such that W1>W2. The method also includes the step (II) of predetermining the upstream slot width W1 to provide a root of each die pin includes a section modulus within a predetermined section modulus range of from about 9.3×10−6 cm3 to about 2.8×10−5 cm3. The method also includes the step (III) of predetermining the slot length L such that a pin stress is within a predetermined pin stress range determined based by a calculated pin stress of the die body undergoing a cleaning procedure.

In accordance with an example of the third aspect, the predetermined pin stress range of step (III) includes a range of from about 240 MPa to about 750 MPa.

In accordance with another example of the third aspect, step (II) predetermines the upstream slot width W1 such that the upstream slot width W1 is maximized while the root of each die pin includes a section modulus within the predetermined section modulus range.

In accordance with yet another example of the third aspect, step (I) includes manufacturing the die body as a monolithic single piece die body.

Any of the examples of the third aspect listed above may be carried out alone or in any combination of the remaining examples of the third aspect listed above.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other features, aspects and advantages of the claimed invention are better understood when the following detailed description is read with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of an extrusion apparatus in accordance with aspects of the present disclosure;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged partial sectional perspective view of portions of a schematically illustrated die body of the extrusion apparatus of FIG. 1 in accordance with aspects of one example of the disclosure;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged partial sectional perspective view of the die body of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged partial sectional view of a die body in accordance with another example of the disclosure; and

FIG. 5 is a flow chart illustrating example steps of methods of making a die body configured to extrude a honeycomb body.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Aspects of the claimed invention will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings in which example embodiments of the claimed invention are shown. Whenever possible, the same reference numerals are used throughout the drawings to refer to the same or like parts. However, the claimed invention may be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. These example embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be both thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the claimed invention to those skilled in the art.

FIG. 1 provides a schematic representation of an extrusion apparatus 101 for processing a batch of materials. Various batch materials may be provided that comprise ceramic or ceramic forming material. The extrusion apparatus 101 can extrude green bodies of various shapes and sizes. In one example, the extrusion apparatus 101 can be used to extrude a honeycomb body that may be later fired into a honeycomb ceramic body. The honeycomb ceramic body can then be further processed as part of a filter to treat the exhaust stream of an engine. For instance, the honeycomb ceramic body can provide a particulate filter for a diesel or other engine type.

The extrusion apparatus 101 may include a barrel 103 with one or more screws 105 provided therein. In one example embodiment, the barrel 103 can be shaped to provide one or more chambers 107 that each house a screw 105 rotatably mounted within the chambers 107 at a central portion of the barrel 103. The screws 105 may be powered by one or more driving mechanisms 109 (e.g., motors). On a second, downstream end 111 of the extrusion apparatus 101, a schematically represented die body 113 is mounted to the barrel 103. The die body 113 is configured to extrude the batch material in the desired shape, e.g., a honeycomb body. Near an upstream end 115, a supply port 117 may be provided to allow the batch of materials from a feeder 119 to enter the chamber 107. As further illustrated, the extrusion apparatus 101 may include a control system 121. The control system 121 can be configured to adjust rotation of the screws 105 by way of the driving mechanisms 109 and/or adjust the feed rate of the batch material introduced by the feeder 119.

In operation, batch material may be introduced to the supply port 117 by the feeder 119 as indicated by arrow 123. As shown by arrow 125a, the batch material then enters into the barrel 103 and is propagated forward by the rotating screws 105 as shown at 125b, 125c such that the batch can contact and then enter the die body 113 at 125d. The rate at which the batch is fed into the supply port 117 (i.e., a feed rate) and/or the rate at which the screws 105 rotate (i.e., a rotational rate or screw speed) can be adjustable at any time during the flow of the batch through the extrusion apparatus 101.

FIG. 2 illustrates optional aspects of one example die body 113 of the example extrusion apparatus 101 of FIG. 1. The die body 113 can include a monolithic single piece die body 113 including a plurality of feed holes 201a, 201b and an array of die pins 205 integrally formed together and spaced apart to define a honeycomb network 207 of discharge slots 209. As shown, all of the discharge slots 209 can be in direct fluid communication with at least one of the feed holes. For example, as shown in FIG. 2, rows of feed holes 201a can be offset from one another with each feed hole 201a having an axis extending along slot intersections 202. Further rows can also include feed holes 201b that are likewise offset from one another with each feed hole 201b having an axis extending along slot intersections 204.

FIG. 3 illustrates example features of the example die body 113. The overall slot length L (also referred to as “slot length L” throughout the disclosure) can be defined between a downstream end 302 in fluid communication with an extrusion face 301 of the die body 113 and an upstream end 303 in fluid communication with at least one feed hole 201a. As shown, each discharge slot 209 can include an upstream portion 305 including the upstream end 303 and a downstream portion 307 including the downstream end 302. The upstream portion 305 is in fluid communication with the downstream portion 307 with the upstream portion 305 positioned substantially entirely upstream from the downstream portion 307.

The overall slot length L can at least include an upstream length L1 of the upstream portion 305 of the discharge slot 209 added to a downstream length L2 of the downstream portion 307 of the discharge slot 209. As such, the overall length L can be greater than or equal to about L1+L2.

Each discharge slot 209 can also include an optional transition region 309 between the upstream portion 305 and the downstream portion 307 of the discharge slot 209. The transition region 309, if provided can include a transition surface 311 extending at an angle α from a surface 314 of the upstream portion 305 to a surface 315 of the downstream portion 307 of the discharge slot 209. In some examples, 45°≦α≦60° although other transition angles may be used in further examples. The transition length L3 can be significantly less than L1 or L2. In such examples, the overall length L can still be greater than or equal to about L1+L2. In the illustrated example, the transition length L3 is considered part of the upstream length L1 wherein the overall length L is about equal to L1+L2. With more significant transition lengths, the transition length L3 may be considered separate from the upstream length L1 wherein the overall length L can be greater than or equal to about L1+L2+L3.

The upstream portion 305 can include an upstream width W1 that is greater than a downstream width W2 of the downstream portion 307 of the discharge slot 209. As such, a further shown in FIG. 3, W1 can be greater than W2 (i.e., W1>W2).

As discussed below, the upstream width W1 can be optimized, and in one example, even maximized while a root 313 of each die pin 205 includes a section modulus within a predetermined section modulus range. The upstream width W1 may be within a range of from about 0.2 mm to about 0.5 mm, such as from about 0.3 mm to about 0.4 mm although other upstream widths may be used in further examples.

The downstream width W2 can be selected to define the final thickness of the intersecting cell walls of honeycomb substrate being extruded from the die body 113 in use. For example, the downstream width W2 can be within a range of from about 0.04 mm to about 0.20 mm, such as from about 0.05 mm to about 0.15 mm, such as from about 0.06 mm to about 0.14 mm, although other downstream widths may be provided in further examples.

In further examples, the upstream length L1 can be related to the upstream width W1. For instance, in some examples, the upstream length L1 can be greater than or equal to about 5·W1. Likewise, the downstream length L2 can be related to the downstream width W2. For example, the downstream length L2 can be greater than or equal to about 5·W2, such as greater than or equal to about 7·W2.

In some examples, the overall length L can be less than or equal to about 3 mm such as from about 1 mm to about 2.6 mm, such as from about 2 mm to about 2.6 mm, although other lengths can be used in further examples. In some examples the upstream length L1 can be from about 1 mm to about 2 mm, such as from about 1.4 mm to about 1.7 mm, although various lengths can be used in further examples. In further examples, the downstream length L2 can be less than about 1.5 mm such as from about 0.4 mm to about 1 mm, although other lengths can be used in further examples.

In some examples, the upstream width W1 can be less than about 0.5 mm such as from about 0.2 mm to about 0.5 mm, such as from about 0.3 mm to about 0.45 mm, such as from about 0.3 mm to about 0.4 mm although other upstream widths may be used in further examples. In further examples, the downstream width W2 can be less than 0.3 mm, such less than about 0.2 mm, such as from about 0.06 mm to about 0.14 mm, although further lengths can be used in additional examples.

FIG. 4 illustrates another example die body 401 including at least one divot 403 that may be provided to surround at least one of the pins 405. As shown, the divot 403, if provided, can be located within a downstream portion 407 of a discharge slot 409. The discharge slot 409 can also include an upstream portion 411 including a width W1 greater than a width W2 of the downstream portion 407. As further shown, the discharge slot 409 with differing widths may be provided only with a selected number of the discharge slots with one or more remaining discharge slots 413 having substantially the same width along the length of the discharge slot outside the divot 403, if provided. In such designs, reduced manufacturing costs associated with the single width portion can be achieved while still providing a sufficient number slots with an enlarged upstream width W2 to reduce slot pressure and improve batch spreading.

Methods of making die bodies will now be described with reference to the die body illustrated in FIG. 3 with the understanding that similar, such as identical methods may be carried out to make the die body illustrated in FIG. 4 or other die bodies in accordance with aspects of the disclosure. Methods of the present disclosure can manufacture the die body 113 with a plurality of feed holes 201a, 201b and an array of die pins 205 that are spaced apart to define the honeycomb network 207 of discharge slots 209 in fluid communication with the feed holes 201a, 201b. Each discharge slot 209 is manufactured with a slot length L. Each discharge slot 209 is further manufactured with the upstream portion 305 including the upstream slot width W1 in fluid communication with at least one feed hole 201a, 201b. Each discharge slot 209 is still further manufactured with the downstream portion 307 including the downstream slot width W2 in fluid communication with the extrusion face 301 of the die body 113. As mentioned previously, the upstream portion 305 and the downstream portion 307 of each discharge slot are manufactured such that W1>W2.



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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20140060253 A1
Publish Date
03/06/2014
Document #
13596796
File Date
08/28/2012
USPTO Class
761071
Other USPTO Classes
International Class
21K5/20
Drawings
6


Honeycomb


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