CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
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This application is a nonprovisional of U.S. Ser. No. 61/695,185 filed on Aug. 30, 2012, the entire content and disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
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This invention relates to the creation of three-dimensional structures of parallel horizontal and/or vertical planar surfaces the preferred embodiment of which illustrates the use of such structure as walls floors and ceilings when construct is used as residential home construction method.
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OF THE INVENTION
Prior art in the field of structures including home construction is quite extensive but generally falls into several common categories. One common category is homes that are made with wood framing and assembled with common fasteners such as nails and screws. Another category are mobile homes which are assembled using pre-fabricated panels and also assembled with fasteners such as rivets, nails and screws. The third category of home construction is homes constructed out of ceramic based materials such as brick, concrete and mortar.
These common methods of home construction all share a set of disadvantages which shall now be discussed. The first disadvantage is that the aforementioned home construction methods use substantial amounts of fastener materials. Depending on the size of the home, the actual number of fasteners used can easily run into the tens of thousands or in the case of brick homes, thousands of pounds of brick and mortar. The high degree of fasteners used to build homes not only adds substantial material costs but also is the largest percentage of the overall labor cost of building new homes.
Another common disadvantage is the high cost of transportation of home construction materials to the building site. Wooden frames and boards or blocks and bricks typically require timing and choreographing of multiple shipments which require more trucks and transport of construction material to the site. The net effect of these inefficiencies implicit to prior art is to make quality housing unavailable for many. The method of the present invention is designed to fix this problem.
Yet another disadvantage of common home construction methods is that they result in static rigid structures that are often easily destroyed by environmental extremes such as floods, earthquakes and hurricanes; are not easily or flexibly expanded or moved; and are not energy efficient in regards to exploiting green technologies such as solar power and water collection.
A final disadvantage is that these common construction methods are not environmentally friendly. Home renovations and demolitions produce staggering amounts of non-biodegradable waste materials such as pressure treated wood, metal, vinyl, concrete and adhesives. These waste materials add to the already massive landfills around the planet and help contribute to the world's air, land and water pollution levels.
These disadvantages in prior art structures as discussed are numerous and together form the motivation for the present invention to address.
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OF THE INVENTION
It is the object of the present invention to address disadvantages inherent in non-art structures. Additional applications and purposes of construct present various disadvantages not unlike those addressed and inherent to art structure construction versus dwellings using prior art methods of constructing vertically supported horizontal planer surfaced structures. The invention proposed is a novel method of construction that utilizes pre-fabricated, low cost internally framed interdependent panels that have a plurality of interdependent slots for use in assembly. The preferred embodiment of this invention is a method of using Art structure method in the construction of a residential home, but alternative embodiments may also includes use of the easy and inexpensive to assemble art structure of the present invention to construct vessels, electronic and medical devices, furniture and the like on all scales large to microscopic. In the preferred embodiment, the internally framed constituent panels are designed to be recyclable and mass produced in a variety of lengths, thicknesses, shapes and widths to produce elements that will form or contain the ceilings, walls and floors and the functional enhancements of a dwelling such as stairs, sinks, showers, utilities etc. built into or accommodated in or upon the vertical and/or horizontal (parallel and perpendicular) constituent panels. Because each panel has a plurality of slots aligned in both the horizontal and vertical axis, one size (thickness) of easily mass produced panels may be constituted to describe and house all elements of a home such as the ceiling, side walls, appliances, fixtures, counters and flooring. The external or peripheral walls or glass windows and solar energy collectors easily slide into slots between successive layers of horizontal structure which may be of various shapes when viewed from above to enclose and/or lend structural and/or esthetic cohesiveness to the dwelling. Because each interdependent set of cross slotted constituent panel is self-supporting and internally framed from the factory, they do not require attachment to wooden or other forms of framing using fasteners as would be the case with prior art methods. Therefore as a consequence of the internal framing of the cross slotted panels, only a very small amount of time and fasteners will be required to assemble a home using the method of the present invention and the structure may be assembled and operational in a very short period of time versus prior art.
It is yet another object of the present invention to substantially reduce the transportation costs as compared with prior art construction methods. The key reason for the reduction in transportation costs is that the present invention requires a much smaller volume and variety of construction materials due to the internally framed design of the cross slotted panels. A conventional home built using wood framing requires transportation of the wood framing as well as gypsum and plywood boards, roofing materials, plumbing and electrical wiring, doors and windows. The present invention as depicted in the preferred embodiment incorporates all plumbing, electricity, etc. into the vertical component, would only require a tiny fraction of the framing, carpentry, plumbing, electrical work and finishing due to on site the internal factory framed design and functionality built within the vertical and or horizontal panels of art construct's the cross slotted and cross cut panels which are segmented and/or hinged to allow efficient transport, erection and deconstruction. This savings in components and volume through the drastic reduction in framing could easily save 33% or more of the total transportation costs associated with construction versus prior art methods.
It is yet another object of the present invention to allow homes to be constructed in a more long lived and energy efficient manner (i.e. less carbon footprint) that better accommodates human endeavors because art construct internalizes human habitat which can variously be stacked, expanded and or tiered to afford space efficient housing which can be easily moved and/or placed into alternate settings such as upon elevated foundations, within peripheral walls or within a protective hull to avoid flooding. Prior art methods typically result in static rigid structures. Although solar panels are commonly attached to the roof structure of prior art homes, they only can collect solar energy when the sun's rays pass over their static exposed area. Homes designed using the cross slotted method of the present invention which allows sliding panels (windows panelized peripheral walls) to be slid into place between successive layers of parallel horizontal levels to allow entire sun exposed windowed portion of the structure to be solar energy productive as supplemented by retractable solar cells or other functionality as enabled by art structure as deployed in various and diverse circumstances. Art structures are able to be flexible deployed and redeployed into various environments because unlike prior art structures Art structures are designed and components hinged so components may all be moved on tractor trailer from which they erected and deconstructed to afford flexibly structurally supported movement tolerant safe housing and adjustment means built primarily into the vertical component which allows re orientation of entire levels of structure and/or movement or articulation means in peripheral panels to for instance capture solar energy. In a more general sense use of art structure for dwelling depicts one example of use of art structure panels to extend and/or accommodate human endeavor. The preferred embodiment illustrates an Art structure dwelling depicted as square or box dimension to facilitate stacking, adjacent structures expansion and reconfiguration to provide inexpensive high quality human habitat readily reconfigured, expanded, stylized and optimized to diverse geographic location and applications. The horizontal construct viewed from above can be of any shape which may be properly supported by the cross slotted vertical component.
It is a yet another object of the present invention to construct homes that are better for the environment over a longer lifespan than prior art. One advantage of the present invention is that there is a significant reduction in materials required to build the home due to the savings in fasteners and framing materials. This results in a direct reduction in landfill waste when the home eventually has to be demolished. Another advantage of the present invention is that the cross slotted panels may be constructed with recyclable materials such as thermoplastics. During renovations and eventual demolition, the removed panels may be sent back to recycling centers instead of adding to landfill waste as is typical with prior art homes.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
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FIG. 1 is a top view of a cross slotted internally framed panel of the present invention.
FIGS. 2A-2D are perspective views showing the various stages of construction of a structure assembled using cross slotted horizontal and vertical panels.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of another structure having the capability to use movable and adjustable cross slotted panels.
FIG. 4 is a detailed view of a preferred means of moving cross slotted panels of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the underside of a structure showing movable foundation elements for use in foundation corrective realignment.
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a water vessel with internal cabins and internal frame and decks assembled using the cross slotted panels of the present invention.
FIG. 7A is an exploded assembly perspective view of a piece of furniture assembled without fasteners using the cross slotted panels of the present invention.
FIG. 7B is a perspective view showing an assembled piece of furniture using the cross slotted panels of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a building with movable and adjustable exterior vertical panels.
FIG. 9 is a detailed perspective view of a preferred embodiment of a constituent movable vertical exterior panel.
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a multi-storied building with a movable interior vertical wall panel shown in the retracted position.
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a multi-storied building with a movable interior vertical wall panel shown in the extended position.
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OF THE INVENTION