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Hair extention hairpiece or wig device with flexible-grip cap base

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Hair extention hairpiece or wig device with flexible-grip cap base


A stretchable base wig for protecting the wearer's hair from damage while providing total hair coverage; the wig having firstly a self-retention capacity of non-adhesive, non-metal, non-abrasive, breathable anti-skid and retention components and secondly hair arrangement that aids ventilation, attractively imitate natural hair yet discreetly reduce manufacturing time and cost.
Related Terms: Ventilation

USPTO Applicaton #: #20130019889 - Class: 132201 (USPTO) - 01/24/13 - Class 132 
Toilet > Methods >Artifcial Hair Structure Making Or Attaching

Inventors: Juliet Annmarie Palmer-rogers

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The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20130019889, Hair extention hairpiece or wig device with flexible-grip cap base.

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BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Technical Field

The new invention relates to a residual class for devices and methods used by persons in making their personal grooming and hygiene. The field includes closely related professional devices and methods for treating or grooming hair; which includes wig-making processes. The new invention also relates to devices on which the wearer\'s false hair is supported.

2. Background Art

The long existing wig is the most popular hair replacement device. It is very convenient, easy to acquire and can be very low cost. However over the many centuries and uncountable related prior art, a highly undetectable, easy to acquire, good self-retention, easy to manufacture and low cost hairpiece especially those made with human hair that does not damage the wearer\'s hair has still not been realized. Below are some explanations of how prior art failed to meet the objectives is this new invention:

First example of related prior art as disclosed in U.S. Patent Number 20040168696 issued to Mary J. Cox: A wig includes a foundation made from generally circular blank of stretchable netting formed into a bowl shape as worn on a wearer\'s head. The bowl shape is formed by radially folding over the blank upon itself at a plurality of pairs of fold lines to form a plurality of radially-spaced triangular pleats. An elastic band is looped and attached to an outer periphery of the blank at a stretchable seam to maintain the pleats and the bowl shape . . . . Hair wefts at a crown of the foundation are centered about the crown pointing radially outwardly from the crown.

While example 1 presents a lightweight stretchable fabric base hairpiece with a peripheral band that helps with needed structural support and retention, the prior art unfortunately has a narrow elastic peripheral. Elastic across the forehead will not produce natural looking hairline. The narrow elastic peripheral band also has no anti-skid support and will be apt to recline away from the wearer\'s hairline, the prior art also has several other shortcomings that this new invention will remedy.

Second example of related prior art as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,788,332 issued to Dominic C, Abbott and Godfrey Chen: The wig foundation of stretch material has a center panel extending from forehead back over the crown of the head and terminating in a depending nape portion. A side panel of semicircular-like shape is attached to each edge of the center panel and two offset elongated elastic members offset at their adjacent ends are attached to the bottom edge of the side panels and ear slots are formed at each side with stiffener members along the forward and rear edges of the ear slots. A weft of hair is attached underneath and on top of the forehead edge of the center panel. A weft is attached in a spiral manner in the crown area and down to the forehead end . . . .

Example 2 has a base that would most likely help to maximize flexibility of backward, forward, and downward side stretch. It has an opening at the ear section to allow the base to go below the ear level and cover the hairline especially at the front of the head. It also has elastic support at an open ear section to aid with size adjustment and retention. Unfortunately, mesh base prior arts with no peripheral band tend to have rigid heavy net bases and hard non-porous, stiff and rigid support structures. Hard and heavy elements that rest continuously on the head and scalp can cause friction on the head, fatigue from the weight, discomfort and hair loss. Example 2 also unfortunately also has several other shortcomings that this new invention will remedy.

Third example of related prior art as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,584,983 issued to Jerome Nicot and Nicole Denelle: A wig or hairpiece having a flexible antislip system which allows a user to non-adhesively and removably attach the wig or hairpiece to a user\'s head, comprising: a drawable fabric impregnated with a thin drawable film; the thin drawable film being arranged on a surface of the drawable fabric which contacts the skin on a user\'s head when the wig or hairpiece is positioned on a user\'s head

Example 3 acknowledges the need for an anti-slip element. Unfortunately, the anti-slip elements in example 3 are made from materials with special chemical ingredients and works best when placed directly to a hairless scalp. The head and scalp does not tolerate nonporous rubbery material pressed to it for extended periods without negative side effects. Example 3 also lacks several key elements that this new invention will remedy.

Fourth example of related prior art as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,949,7376 issued to Nakamura; Yukimichi: A wig having a shape retaining element for preventing turning-up, distortion and so on of a wig base. This shape retaining element is made of a shape memory alloy whose transformation temperature (Af point) is higher than the surrounding temperature at a location between a surface of a user\'s head and the wig base during a period for which the wig is worn on the head. The shape retaining element is arranged in position on the side of an inner surface or an outer surface of the wig base.

Example 4 has shape retention elements that helps prevent reclining of the wig base however the shape retention elements are made from special temperature regulated alloys. These special made elements would not be easily produced at a low cost and in any case, the head and scalp does not tolerate non breathable alloy material pressed to it for extended periods without negative side effects. Example 4 also lacks several key elements that the current invention will remedy.

Fifth example of related prior art as disclosed in U.S. Patent Number 20110023902 issued to CHO; Joo Sub: A hairpiece is disclosed having a front portion and a back portion, the back portion being sewn with hair as in a conventional wig, and the front portion being stitched with stands of hair, such that it looks as if the hair strands are rooted in the front portion in single strands. Preferably, the front portion is made of polyurethane and is translucent to allow the natural skin color of the wearer to show through.

Example 5 could prove very costly if made from human hair, it also has the potential to present a high degree of difficulty to maintain natural looking hairstyles that is less subject to be disturbed or rearranged with movement. Even though it presents a more natural looking alternative to the spiraled crown hair and (or) hair across the forehead. Example 5 has several inches of imitation scalp section with knotted hair. Knotting is the process for interconnecting strands of hair to the base of the hairpiece. Since human hair cannot be easily manipulated through machines, the knotting process is usually done manually and can be time consuming and costly. A human hair hairpiece of that type with several inches of the knotted hair section would take many hours to be completed hence making it very costly. Another issue with example 5 is that knotted strands flow in the direction they are oriented towards during the knotting process. With no pre-designed hair part, wearing the hair in a fashion that most simulate natural hairstyles; with a part at the front would be very difficult.

Sixth example of related prior art as disclosed at “http://snghair.com/StyleGuide2.aspx” a leading hair distributors: “Secure your hair under a weave or stocking cap. Begin applying ½ inches apart, ear to ear, from the bottom hairline working towards the top to the temple area.” This method is known as stocking cap weaving wherein a stretchable cap of stocking type fabric is placed on the head of the wearer. The hair is then bonded to the base. This method is the alternative used to make low cost custom fitted human hair extension hairpiece.

Example 6, the method known as stocking cap weaving is a manual process that can be time consuming. It has limited style capacity since it is done on the wearers head. The cap used is usually one-sized and can be very uncomfortable. This stocking base is very soft and has no support structure; therefore, it needs to be bonded usually with adhesives to the wearer head. Even when bonded, over time, the stocking cap usually retracts from the wearer\'s hairline damaging the natural hairline and becomes unattractive. This prior art also has health implications as people with adhesive bonded hair tend to avoid physical activities that causes the adhesive to become undone. Overtime built up moisture and lack of ventilation can cause mould to grow the wearers head

Seventh example of related prior art U.S. Patent No. 2090199861 issued to Joseph Paris teaches; a flexible wig having a skullcap made of stretchable mesh fabric that is wider at a front portion and stretches lengthwise; two side panels that stretches downward; a peripheral band made of stretchable mesh fabric; anti-skid reinforcement tabs connected to the peripheral band that allow the band to stretch; an opening in the peripheral band adapted to receive an ear and an elastic support.

Example 7 recites several similar description as the current invention, however such similarities are mainly theoretic. The preparation, construction, application and intended users have vast differences. Paris states (line 35-50) that the prosthesis is made of lace that has been cryogenically treated, and that this cryogenic process that takes five to seven hours; whereas the current invention is made from materials readily available strong enough to last the lifetime of the wig. Paris states (line 57) a silicone coating 32 is selectively applied to the base or foundation . . . (line 62) further stating that Silicone coating provides a smooth and comfortable touch for the wearer, yet allows the ready receipt of adhesive, such as two sided tape, that secures hair prosthesis to the wearer\'s head or scalp and prevents movement of base or foundation; whereas the current invention is designed to eliminate the need for adhesives. Example 7 also does not have a peripheral band that circumferences the cap base to aide with retention. In conclusion, Example 7 teaches a partially pre-constructed custom finish prosthesis that includes harvesting and incorporating the wearer\'s own hair in the prosthesis whereas the current invention teaches a ready-made article of manufacture that can be easily mass-produced for the retail market in keeping with the objective of this current invention.

Furthermore as stated in example 1, example 2 and many other prior arts, hair weft(s) are positioned across the forehead area generally called a bang and (or) arranged in a spiral position at the crown area. Spiraling positions the hair to fall over the face. It restricts the length and type of hair that can be used and hairstyles that can be created. Another issue with spiraling is that hair wefts are placed very closely together to hide the edges of the weft, thus restricting ventilation. Moreover since people with their own natural hair, generally style it with a hair part at the front that is either center or side oriented, prior arts that exclude a hair part element from their invention, will not meet the objective of providing a natural looking device to the extent that this new invention will.

In addition prior art devices have components that damage the wearers\' hair. Some of these hair-damaging components are hard plastic or metal clips, hooks, wire retention components, non-breathable materials that block ventilation and stop hair growth, rigid stiff material that rests directly on the wearers hair or scalp and cause friction, sharp edges and ridges on stiff ribbons and still lace and the edge of the hair wefts, that cause friction and hair breakage, structures that pull the wearers hairline such as the popular stocking cap or wig cap and adhesives that peel strands of hair from the scalp when being removed.

SUMMARY

OF INVENTION Brief Summary of the Invention

The new invention provides a device that addresses the shortcomings of prior art devices. The disclosure is a lightweight stretchable mesh foundation wig that is directed for women, particularly African-American women. The device covers the entire native hair while being worn but protects the wearer\'s own hair from being damaged by components that are common to other prior art devices as stated earlier. This invention can be used by African-American women whose hair is at any stage of growth or hair-loss. It does not require or depend on the length of the wearer\'s hair for functionality.

The new invention provides a wig that is made of lightweight stretchable mesh fabric with non-invasive, non adhesive, non-metal or plastic components with a ridge-less interior that fits securely and comfortably to the wearer\'s head.

This invention is a new and useful article of manufacture that will modernize a method known as stocking cap weaving. Stocking cap weaving is a method whereby a stretchable stocking skull-cap base is secured to the wearer\'s head. Hair wefts are then bonded to the base constructing the hairpiece on the wearer\'s head. The new device has the capacity to be affixed to the wearers own natural hair if they choose to do so, but has a self-retention capacity that other fabric base prior art lack.

OBJECTIVE OF THE INVENTION

The main objectives of the new invention are to provide a wig with the following:

A device that fits securely to the wearer\'s head without the use of adhesives clips, rigid sharp edged ribbons or other objects that can harm the native hair.

A device that is uncomplicated and suitable for mass production using regular materials and tools of the apparel industry.

A device to make readily available human hair wigs for purchase through relevant retail outlets with no need to buy available hair wefts then designing the product on the wearers head.

A device that is discreet and natural as possible that can be manufactured in as little time as possible. With components that take a fraction of the time it takes to produce prior art hairpieces of comparable appearance.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

Description of drawings including description of some prior art for comparison:

FIG. 1 is a plan view with elevated forehead section illustrating the base of the preferred embodiment of the invention

FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating the preferred hair arrangement of the new invention

FIG. 3 is a plan view of the base of an alternative embodiment with and indented ear section instead of open ear section

FIG. 4 is a plan view of an alternative base construction without the side panels.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a prior art depicting crown and forehead weft arrangement FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a prior art depicting crown and forehead weft arrangement FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a prior art with combination of wefts and knotted hair. Prior art depicts the large area that require knotting versus the micro section of the new invention.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a prior art with combination of wefts and knotted hair. Prior art depicts the large area that require knotting versus the micro section of the new invention.

FIG. 9 is a plan view of the new invention illustrating an alternative crown and forehead area arrangement.

FIG. 10 is a plan view of the preferred embodiment of the new invention illustrating the crown and forehead area with micro open permanent hair part.

EXPLANATION OF MARKS AND SYMBOLS

Illustrations as set forth in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2:

EXPLANATION OF MARKS AND SYMBOLS

Illustrations as set forth in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2: 10.1 Stretchable mesh fabric base for airflow 20.1 Center panel that is wider at the front and stretches lengthwise 30.1 Side panels that stretch downwards 40.1 Stretchable areas of the band 50.1 Antiskid reinforcement tabs

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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20130019889 A1
Publish Date
01/24/2013
Document #
13185073
File Date
07/18/2011
USPTO Class
132201
Other USPTO Classes
132 54, 132 53
International Class
/
Drawings
4


Ventilation


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