FreshPatents.com Logo
stats FreshPatents Stats
1 views for this patent on FreshPatents.com
2013: 1 views
Updated: December 09 2014
newTOP 200 Companies filing patents this week


Advertise Here
Promote your product, service and ideas.

    Free Services  

  • MONITOR KEYWORDS
  • Enter keywords & we'll notify you when a new patent matches your request (weekly update).

  • ORGANIZER
  • Save & organize patents so you can view them later.

  • RSS rss
  • Create custom RSS feeds. Track keywords without receiving email.

  • ARCHIVE
  • View the last few months of your Keyword emails.

  • COMPANY DIRECTORY
  • Patents sorted by company.

Your Message Here

Follow us on Twitter
twitter icon@FreshPatents

Vertebral joint implants and delivery tools

last patentdownload pdfdownload imgimage previewnext patent

20130013070 patent thumbnailZoom

Vertebral joint implants and delivery tools


A spinal joint distraction system for treating a facet joint including articular surfaces having a contour is disclosed and may include a delivery device including a generally tubular structure adapted to engage a facet joint, an implant adapted to be delivered through the delivery device and into the facet joint, the implant comprising two members arranged in opposed position, and an implant distractor comprising a generally elongate member adapted to advance between the two members of the implant causing separation of the members and distraction of the facet joint, wherein the implant is adapted to conform to the shape of the implant distractor and/or the articular surfaces of the facet upon being delivered to the facet joint. Several embodiments of a system, several embodiments of an implant, and several methods are disclosed including a method for interbody fusion.
Related Terms: Fusion Implant Vertebra Facet Interbody Fusion

Browse recent Providence Medical Technology, Inc. patents - San Francisco, CA, US
USPTO Applicaton #: #20130013070 - Class: 623 1716 (USPTO) - 01/10/13 - Class 623 
Prosthesis (i.e., Artificial Body Members), Parts Thereof, Or Aids And Accessories Therefor > Implantable Prosthesis >Bone >Spine Bone >Including Spinal Disc Spacer Between Adjacent Spine Bones



Inventors:

view organizer monitor keywords


The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20130013070, Vertebral joint implants and delivery tools.

last patentpdficondownload pdfimage previewnext patent

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

The present application claims priority to, and is a continuation of, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/653,283, which was filed Dec. 10, 2009, and is entitled Vertebral Joint Implants and Delivery Tools.

Application Ser. No. 12/653,283 is a continuation-in-part (“CIP”) application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/455,814, which was filed on Jun. 5, 2009, is entitled Facet Joint Implants and Delivery Tools and claims priority to: U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/059,723, which was filed on Jun. 6, 2008 and is entitled Spine Distraction Device; U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/109,776, which was filed on Oct. 30, 2008 and is entitled Facet Joint Implants; and U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/169,601, which was filed on Apr. 15, 2009 and is entitled Facet Joint Implants and Delivery Tools.

The 12/455,814 application also claims priority to, and is a CIP application of, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/317,682, which was filed on Dec. 23, 2008, is entitled Facet Joint Implants and Delivery Tools, and claims priority to Provisional Applications 61/059,723 and 61/109,776. The contents of all of the above-mentioned patent applications are all hereby incorporated by reference herein in their entireties.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The following detailed description relates to a device for distracting the spine. More particularly the description relates to a tool for distracting a facet joint of the spine and an implant for maintaining the distracted position of the joint. More particularly the description relates to an implant that may be used together with a tool to distract a facet joint, the implant remaining in place separated from the tool. In some instances, the implant itself may extract the joint.

BACKGROUND

Chronic back problems cause pain and disability for a large segment of the population. Adverse spinal conditions may be characteristic of age. In particular, spinal stenosis (including, but not limited to, central, canal, and lateral stenosis) and facet arthropathy may increase with age. Spinal stenosis results in a reduction of foraminal area (i.e. the available space for the passage of nerves and blood vessels), which may compress cervical nerve roots and cause radicular pain. Both neck extension and ipsilateral rotation, in contrast to neck flexion, may further reduce the foraminal area and contribute to pain, nerve root compression, and neural injury.

Cervical disc herniations may be a factor in spinal stenosis and may predominantly present upper extremity radicular symptoms. In this case, treatment may take the form of closed traction. A number of closed traction devices are available that alleviate pain by pulling on the head to increase foraminal height. Cervical disc herniations may also be treated with anterior and posterior surgery. Many of these surgeries are performed through an anterior approach, which requires a spinal fusion. These surgeries may be expensive and beget additional surgeries due to changing the biomechanics of the neck. There is a three percent incidence of re-operation after cervical spine surgery. Moreover, these surgeries may be highly invasive leading to long recovery times.

There is a need in the art for a device and procedure to increase foraminal height to reduce radicular symptoms of patients suffering the effects of spinal stenosis. There is also a need for the device to be adapted to allow for the procedure to be minimally invasive and to avoid modifying the biomechanics of the spine.

SUMMARY

OF THE INVENTION

In one embodiment, a spinal joint distraction system may include a driver assembly including a tubular shaft having a longitudinal axis and a pair of implant holder arms positioned on a distal end of the tubular shaft, where the arms are configured to hold a spinal implant. In another embodiment, the driver assembly may also include an implant distractor positioned along the longitudinal axis near the distal end of the tubular shaft, an internal actuator positioned within the tubular shaft and adapted to advance the implant distractor, and a distractor knob adapted to control the internal actuator. In another embodiment, the system may also include a delivery device with a tubular shaft, a receiving assembly positioned on a proximal end of the tubular shaft, and a pair of forks extending from a distal end of the tubular shaft, where the may be adapted to penetrate a facet joint and the delivery device may be adapted to slidably receive the driver assembly. In some embodiments, the system may include an implant adapted for holding by the implant holding arms of the driver assembly. In some other embodiments, the system may include a chisel with a shaft portion, a tip at a distal end of the shaft, and a head at a proximal end of the shaft, where the delivery device is adapted to receive the chisel, and the head of the chisel is adapted to be tapped by a driving member to insert the tip of the chisel into a facet joint. In still other embodiments, the system may include an injector with a cannula with a closed distal end and two exit doors positioned on opposite sides of the distal end, a plunger with a seal positioned within the cannula, a stop disc at a proximal end of the cannula, and a handle positioned on a proximal end of the plunger, where the delivery device is further adapted to receive an injector.

In another embodiment, the internal actuator may be a stand alone device insertable into the driver assembly. In another embodiment, the internal actuator may include a handle and an internal rod, the internal rod being adapted to hold an implant distractor, and the handle being configured to release the implant distractor. In another embodiment, the system may include a collet positioned on a distal end of the internal rod, the collet adapted to securely hold the implant distractor.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an upper member and a lower member, the upper and lower member being generally rectangular and each having a distal edge, a proximal edge, and two parallel lateral edges, the upper and lower member positioned adjacent and substantially parallel to each other and having an inner surface and an outer surface, the distal edges of the upper and lower member connected to each other and the proximal edges adapted to receive an implant distractor, and teeth positioned along the lateral edges of at least one of the upper or lower member and extending outwardly. In another embodiment, the implant may include flanges extending substantially orthogonally from a proximal end of the upper and lower members. In some embodiments, the flanges may include openings for receiving anchors to anchor the implant to a lateral mass of a facet joint. In another embodiment, the implant may include a truncated threaded slot adapted to engage a cross-cut thread feature of an implant distractor. In another embodiment, the upper and lower members may each include an interlocking scissor feature.

In another embodiment, a method of distracting a facet joint of the spine may include inserting a delivery device to access the facet joint of a patient, inserting a driver assembly holding an implant into the delivery device, and actuating the driver assembly thereby distracting the implant.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an upper member, a lower member, and a proximal member, the upper and lower members being generally rectangular and each having a distal edge and two parallel lateral edges, the upper and lower members extending generally continuously into each other to form the proximal member, the upper and lower member positioned adjacent and substantially parallel to each other and having an inner surface and an outer surface, the proximal member being generally perpendicular relative to the upper and lower members, at least one of the upper and lower members further including threaded slots adapted to receive threads of an implant distractor and outwardly extending teeth positioned along the lateral edges of at least one of the upper or lower members. In another embodiment, the proximal member may include a penetration for receiving an implant distractor.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a threaded bolt with a proximal end terminating in a head, a proximal non-threaded block positioned along the bolt and abutting the head of the bolt, a distal threaded block positioned a distance away from the proximal threaded block, and a plurality of expansion members positioned between the proximal and the distal threaded blocks. In one embodiment, the plurality of expansion members may be V-shaped members. In another embodiment, the plurality of V-shaped members may be adapted to deformably flatten out and expand laterally when compressed between the distal and proximal blocks. In another embodiment, the plurality of expansion members may be planar plates with slotted holes such that when freely positioned on the bolt, the plates are positioned in a skewed position relative to a longitudinal axis of the bolt. In another embodiment, the planar plates may be adapted to engage one another and thus position themselves perpendicular to the bolt when compressed between the distal and proximal blocks.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a pair of stacked structures separated by a sloping plane, the structures having an engagement surface along the plane including ratchet teeth. In one embodiment, a first structure of the pair of stacked structures increases in thickness in a proximal direction and a second structure of the pair of stacked structures increases in thickness in a distal direction.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a generally tapered shaft in the form of a screw, the shaft defining a longitudinal axis and having a length, the shaft having threads along an outer surface for engaging articular surfaces of a facet joint. In one embodiment, the threads may be notched along the length of the implant creating serrations for cutting into the articular surfaces of a facet joint. In another embodiment, the threads may include leaf springs for preventing backing out of the implant. In another embodiment, the threads may have a T-shaped cross-section. In another embodiment, the implant may include a relatively broad head with a decorticating feature on a distal surface thereof. In another embodiment, the decorticating feature may include tabs projecting distally from the head. In another embodiment, the decorticating feature may include spurs. In another embodiment, the head may be in the form of a floating collar and be free to pivot about the longitudinal axis of the implant in a ball and socket type fashion. In another embodiment, the implant may include a torque limiting mechanism. In another embodiment, the shaft may include a hollow cavity and take the form of a cone, the cone being made from a relatively malleable material, the implant further including an inner core support member for use when inserting the implant and for removal once the implant is in place. In still another embodiment, the generally tapered shaft may be a first tapered shaft and the implant may also include a second generally tapered shaft in the form of a screw where the second generally tapered shaft may be positioned adjacent to the first generally tapered shaft and have communicative threaded serrations such that when one shaft is rotated, the other shaft rotates in the opposite direction. In another embodiment, the implant may include an arm type locking mechanism, the arm being biased in a distal direction such that when implanted the arm provides a biasing force to maintain friction on the threads. In another embodiment, the arm may have engaging teeth. In another embodiment, the implant may include flaps extending from the head of the shaft and including teeth for engaging a lateral mass of a facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a plate and a orthogonally positioned bumper, the superior aspect of the bumper having a rounded surface for opposing the lateral mass of a superior vertebra, the implant including an anchoring screw for securing the implant to a lateral mass of a facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a wedge insertable between facet surfaces, the wedge having teeth on at least one of an anterior and inferior surface thereof. In another embodiment, the implant may also include a diagonally placed anchor screw positioned through the implant for advancing into the surface of a facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an anterior hook, a posterior hook, and a bolt joining the anterior and posterior hook. In another embodiment, the anterior hook may be C-shaped with a lip and the posterior hook may be S-shaped with a lip, the anterior hook adapted to engage the anterior aspect of the inferior facet and the posterior hook adapted to engage the posterior aspect of the posterior facet.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an insert and tabs positioned to extend orthogonally from a proximal end of the insert. In one embodiment, the insert may be rectangular and the tabs may have holes for receiving an anchor.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a collapsible diamond shaped structure including two opposing threaded corners, and two opposing non-threaded corners including pads. The implant may also include a bolt threaded through the threaded corners of the diamond shaped structure, where actuating the bolt draws the threaded corners together and extends the non-threaded corners.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an upper member, a lower member, a hinge connecting the upper member to the lower member, and a brace member for maintaining the implant in an open position.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a generally cylindrically shaped member including at least two sections separated by a slot, the sections connected together at distal ends to form a tip, the member adapted to receive a screw to cause it to expand, and the outer surface of the sections including teeth for engaging articular surfaces of a facet joint.

In another embodiment, a method of securing a superior verterbra may include applying a force to the superior vertebra to increase the foraminal area between the superior vertebra and an inferior vertebra and placing an angled screw through a superior facet, through a facet capsule, and into an inferior facet.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a collapsible triangular shaped implant including a central shaft and at least two springing leaves connected to the distal end of the shaft, extending proximally along the shaft, and biased in a direction to form an arrow shape, where the implant may be collapsed within a tube and delivered to a site where the tube is removed and the implant is allowed to expand.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a facet spacer plate and screw, wherein the screw may be inserted diagonally through a facet surface to engage the facet spacer plate thereby forcing separation of a facet joint. In another embodiment, the spacer may have a C-shape and the screw may pass through the spacer plate prior to entering the spinal structure.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a first bracket, second bracket, and a bolt extending between the brackets, where the brackets are adapted to separate when the bolt is turned. In another embodiment, the first and second brackets may be adapted to be attached to a lateral mass of a facet joint. In yet another embodiment, the first and second brackets may include a leg adapted to be inserted into a facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a triangular shaped wedge, an anchor screw positioned diagonally through the wedge, and a malleable flap extending from the wedge including teeth for engaging a lateral mass of a facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an anchoring plug, an expandable plate, and two external plates, where securing the external plates to a lateral mass of a facet joint and inserting the anchoring plug causes the facet joint to separate.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a delivery system and at least two nitinol hooks, where the hooks may be flattened and inserted with the delivery system and once in place may be allowed to assume their pre-flattened shape.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a hollow screw sleeve having barbs adapted to be ejected from a retracted position and a wedge adapted to be inserted in the hollow screw sleeve to eject the barbs.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a collapsible nut positioned over a bolt, the bolt defining a longitudinal axis, where advancing the bolt may cause the nut to collapse along the longitudinal axis in an accordion shape, thereby expanding laterally.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a collapsible plate positioned over a bolt, the bolt defining a longitudinal axis, where advancing the bolt causes the plate to collapse along the longitudinal axis in an accordion shape, thereby expanding laterally.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a wire surrounding a block in a helical fashion, the wire adapted to contract and expand laterally when pulled taught or released respectively.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an outer housing and an internal spring, where the housing may be biased to be in a laterally broad position when the spring is in a neutral position.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a pair of stacked structures separated by a sloping plane and a fastener positioned at an angle through the pair of structures thereby preventing relative movement along the plane.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a collapsible cylinder with side cutouts, the cylinder made from a resilient elastic material.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a distal tip of a delivery tool, where the tip is adapted to distract a facet joint and detach from the delivery tool.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a housing, a central gear rotatably positioned within the housing, and two plates slidably positioned in the housing and positioned opposite one another adjacent to the central gear and including teeth for engaging the gear, where rotating the gear slidably extends the plates beyond an outer surface of the housing in opposite directions.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a triangularly bent plate with a first and second bracket on each side, the first bracket adapted to receive an anchor screw and the second bracket including teeth for biting into a lateral mass of a facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a rotatable cone with a longitudinal axis including a shoulder with a ledge defining a cam surface and an anchor screw, where the shoulder is adapted to be inserted into a facet joint and the implant rotated to cause a superior facet to ride upward along the cam surface and distract the joint, wherein the screw may be advanced to secure the implant.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a housing with penetrations for ejection of spikes, internal spikes positioned with the housing and in alignment with the penetrations, and an internal wire routed through the spike positions, where pulling the wire taught forces the spikes from the housing to engage articular surfaces of a facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include a housing, a cavity within the housing, penetrations on lateral surfaces of the housing extending from the cavity through the wall of the housing, spikes positioned to be ejected through the penetrations, the spikes having a beveled inner surface, and a piston having a torpedo shaped distal end positioned within the cavity, where advancing the piston engages the torpedo shaped distal end with the beveled inner surface of the spikes causing them to eject through the penetrations and engage articular surfaces of a facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include two parallel equal length side bars and at least two struts pivotably positioned between the side bars at each end, the struts having textured surfaces on each end thereof, where the struts may be pivoted to lie in plane with and parallel to the side bars and once in position in a facet joint, may be pivoted substantially perpendicular to the side bars to distract the facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal joint distraction system may include a delivery device with a tubular shaft, a receiving assembly positioned on a proximal end of the tubular shaft and including a seating cavity, and a pair of forks extending from a distal end of the tubular shaft, the forks adapted to penetrate a facet joint. The system may also include a chisel including a shaft with a chamfered tip, the chisel being adapted for slidable insertion through the delivery device. The system may further include a decorticator sleevably positioned on the tubular shaft of the delivery device, the decorticator including a tubular shaft portion with a chamfered distal end, a plurality of serrated teeth at the distal tip of the chamfered end, a beveled edge extending along the periphery of the chamfered distal end, and a handle positioned on the proximal end of the tubular shaft portion, the handle having a bore adapted to receive a gripping tool and a threaded bore for receiving a set screw. The system may also include a driver assembly adapted for slidable insertion through the delivery device, the driver assembly including an implant shaft, a handle positioned on the proximal end of the implant shaft, and implant holding arms extending from the distal end of the implant shaft. The system may also include an internal actuator adapted for slidable insertion through the driver assembly and further adapted to advance an implant distractor, the internal actuator including a longitudinal shaft, a handle positioned on the proximal end of the longitudinal shaft and adapted to rotatably advance the implant distractor, and an internal rod including an engagement feature adapted to secure the implant distractor. The system may further include an injector adapted for slidable insertion through the delivery device, the injector including a longitudinal delivery shaft, a seating feature positioned around the shaft, and a plunger adapted to pass through the longitudinal delivery shaft causing ejection of material from the distal end of the longitudinal delivery shaft.

In another embodiment, a spinal joint distraction system may include a delivery device with a decorticator sleevably positioned thereon, a chisel adapted for insertion through the delivery device, a driver assembly adapted for insertion through the delivery device and further adapted to hold an implant, an internal actuator adapted for insertion through the driver assembly and adapted to deliver and advance an implant distractor thereby distracting the implant, and an injector adapted for insertion through the delivery device and further adapted to deliver flowable material to or around the joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an upper member and a lower member each with a distal end, the distal end of the lower member coupled to the distal end of the upper member, and an implant distractor adapted to be advanced between the upper and lower member and separate the upper and lower members causing the upper and lower member to pivot relative to one another about their respective distal ends.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an upper member and a lower member each including a distal edge, a proximal edge, and two parallel lateral edges, the edges defining a generally rectangular shape, an inner surface, an outer surface, a threaded slot passing through the member from the inner surface to the outer surface, a truncated threaded slot passing through the member from the inner surface to the outer surface, a plurality of teeth spaced along the two parallel lateral edges, a guide feature positioned on the proximal edge, and an interlocking scissor feature positioned on the distal edge. The implant may also include an implant distractor including a cylindrical body tapering to a point at a distal end, a coil shaped thread feature having an abrupt proximal end and being interrupted by at least one cross-cut, and an annular stop ring; wherein the upper and lower members may be pivotally coupled to one another via their respective interlocking scissor features, the respective guide features on the upper member and the lower member may oppose one another and may be adapted to receive and guide the distal end of the implant distractor between the upper and lower members, the respective threaded slots on the upper and lower member may be adapted to receive the coil shaped thread feature, and the respective truncated threaded slots may be adapted to engage the abrupt proximal end or the at least one cross-cut of the coil-shaped thread feature.

In another embodiment, a method of distracting a facet joint of the spine may include dilating a path to a facet joint using a dilator set, inserting a chisel into the facet joint, advancing a delivery device over the chisel and inserting forks of the delivery device into the facet joint, removing the chisel from the joint, inserting a driver assembly with an implant into the delivery device, seating the driver assembly in the delivery device thereby positioning the implant between the forks of the delivery device and in the facet joint, inserting an internal actuator into the driver assembly and advancing an implant distractor into the implant thereby distracting the implant, actuating a button on the internal actuator thereby releasing a grip on the implant distractor and removing the internal actuator and the driver assembly, and inserting an injector and injecting a flowable material into or around the facet joint.

In another embodiment, a method of distracting a facet joint of the spine may include inserting a chisel into a facet joint to provide initial distraction and decorticate the surface of the joint, inserting a delivery device over the chisel to maintain the initial distraction, inserting an implant through the delivery device and into the joint, the implant having teeth adapted to engage the surfaces of the joint, distracting the implant by advancing an implant distractor, the implant distractor having a coil-shaped thread feature for engaging threaded slots of the implant, the implant distractor further having cross-cut threads for engaging truncated threaded slots on the implant, wherein, advancing the implant distractor includes causing the cross-cut threads to engage the truncated threaded slots and prevent backing out of the implant, and releasing the implant distractor and removing the delivery device thereby leaving the implant and the implant distractor in place in the joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal joint distraction system may include a delivery device, a driver assembly adapted for insertion through the delivery device and further adapted to hold an implant, and an internal actuator adapted for insertion through the driver assembly and adapted to deliver and advance an implant distractor thereby distracting the implant.

In another embodiment, a spinal joint distraction system may include a driver assembly adapted to hold an implant and an internal actuator adapted for insertion through the driver assembly and adapted to deliver and advance an implant distractor thereby distracting the implant.

In another embodiment, a spinal joint distraction system may include an implant, an implant distractor adapted to engage the implant, and an internal actuator adapted to advance the implant distractor thereby distracting the implant.

In another embodiment, a method of distracting a facet joint of the spine may include inserting a delivery device into a facet joint, inserting an implant through the delivery device and into the joint, and distracting the implant by advancing an implant distractor.

In another embodiment, a method of distracting a facet joint of the spine may include partially engaging an implant distractor with an implant and engaging the implant distractor with an internal actuator to form an assembly, inserting the implant portion of the assembly into the facet joint, and distracting the facet joint.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an upper member and a lower member each with a distal end, the distal end of the lower member coupled to the distal end of the upper member, wherein the upper member and lower member each comprise a plurality of threaded slots adapted to engage an implant distractor.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an upper member and a lower member each with a distal end, the distal end of the lower member including an interlocking scissor feature coupled to a corresponding interlocking scissor feature included on the distal end of the upper member.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant comprising an upper member and a lower member, each with a distal end, the distal end of the lower member coupled to the distal end of the upper member, wherein the implant is adapted to receive an implant distractor between the upper and lower member.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant may include an upper member and a lower member, the upper member and lower member coupled at respective distal ends, the upper and lower members being biased toward a position parallel to one another.

In another embodiment, a spinal joint distraction system for treating a facet joint including articular surfaces having a contour can include a delivery device including a generally tubular structure adapted to engage a facet joint, an implant adapted to be delivered through the delivery device and into the facet joint, the implant comprising two members arranged in opposed position, and an implant distractor comprising a generally elongate member adapted to advance between the two members of the implant causing separation of the members and distraction of the facet joint, wherein the implant is adapted to conform to the shape of the implant distractor upon being delivered to the facet joint. The system can also include a driver assembly adapted to hold the implant and advance the implant distractor and the driver assembly can further be adapted for insertion through the delivery device. The system can also include a chisel adapted for insertion through the delivery device to facilitate initial engagement with the facet joint and a decorticator can be provided for lateral engagement with the delivery device. A malleting tool can be included with a first end adapted to engage the decorticator for a malleting process and a second end adapted to facilitate separation of parts of the system and an injector can be provided and adapted for insertion through the delivery device and further can be adapted to deliver a bone paste.

In another embodiment, a spinal joint distraction system can include a delivery device and chisel assembly adapted to engage a facet joint and a driver assembly adapted to hold and distract an implant, where the driver assembly can be adapted for insertion through the delivery device to deliver and distract the implant. The system can also include a place holding chisel adapted to replace the chisel and maintain the established position of the delivery device and chisel assembly. The delivery device can include a tubular shaft and a receiving assembly positioned on a proximal end of the tubular shaft and the chisel of the assembly can include a handle having a connection feature adapted to engage the receiving assembly. The connection feature can include a protrusion or recess adapted to form a detent relationship with an opposing protrusion or recess respectively. In another embodiment, the connection feature can include a latch type feature positioned on a deflectable portion of the handle, wherein advancing the chisel handle toward the receiving assembly causes the latch type feature to snap into place and depressing the deflectable portion of the handle releases the latch type feature. The receiving assembly can include a malleting anvil positioned on a proximal face of the receiving assembly and the chisel can include a slot cavity adapted to receive the malleting anvil and a malleting head adapted to engage the malleting anvil to resist relative motion between the delivery device and the chisel during malleting. The delivery device of the assembly can include forks adapted to penetrate the facet joint and it can also include a bull nose positioned on the surface of the forks near the intersection of the forks with the tubular structure, where the bull nose can be adapted to mark the position of the delivery device. The system can also include an indication hole positioned along the lateral side of the delivery device near the intersection of the forks and the tubular structure. The driver assembly can include an implant shaft having a diameter substantially equal to or less than a width of the implant and can also include a handle with a malleting bar adapted to transfer malleting blows to the driver assembly. The driver assembly can also include a slot cavity having a bearing surface where the slot cavity can be adapted to receive the malleting anvil of the receiving assembly and the bearing surface can be adapted to engage the malleting anvil to resist relative motion between the delivery device and the driver assembly during malleting. A decorticator can also be provided and can be adapted for positioning upon the delivery device from a lateral side of the delivery device. The decorticator can include a U-shaped longitudinally extending member with teeth on a distal end and it can include a malleting element at a proximal end adapted to distribute malleting blows to the longitudinally extending member. The driver assembly can include arms adapted to hold an implant and the arms can be positioned within a boundary defined by a width of the implant.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant for the distraction of a facet joint having articular surfaces can include a first and a second member arranged in opposing position. Each of the first and second member can include a threaded slot passing through the member adapted to receive a thread feature and a plurality of teeth spaced along two parallel lateral edges, the teeth adapted to engage the articular surfaces of the facet joint, where the implant is constructed from a malleable material and is further adapted to conform to the shape of the articular surfaces upon being distracted within a facet joint. The plurality of teeth can have a linearly sloped distal face and a proximal face positioned orthogonally to the respective first or second member and the teeth can be equally spaced. The first and second members can each have an interlocking engagement feature on respective distal edges, wherein the first and second members engage one another via their respective interlocking engagement features. The first and second members can also be coupled together via a weld.

In another embodiment, a method of distracting a facet joint and a contralateral facet joint of a spine can include inserting a delivery device and chisel assembly into the facet joint, removing the chisel from the assembly and replacing the chisel with a place holding chisel, removing the delivery device from the facet joint, inserting the delivery device and chisel assembly into the contralateral facet joint, removing the chisel from the assembly, placing and distracting a first implant in the contralateral facet joint, removing the delivery device from the contralateral facet joint, placing the delivery device back in the facet joint via the place holding chisel, placing and distracting a second implant in the facet joint. The place holding chisel can be a radiolucent chisel and the method can also include performing lateral fluoroscopy to determine proper placement of the first implant.

In another embodiment, a method of distracting a facet joint of the spine can include inserting a delivery device and chisel assembly into the facet joint to provide initial distraction and decorticate the surface of the joint, removing the chisel assembly from the delivery device, inserting a driver assembly through the delivery device, the driver assembly holding an implant and further comprising an implant distractor adapted to distract the implant, distracting the implant, and removing the driver assembly and the delivery device. The method can also include positioning the delivery device and chisel assembly by selectively malleting a proximal end thereof and/or selectively malleting a proximal end of the driver assembly. A decorticator can be positioned on the delivery device from the lateral side of the device and the method can include advancing the decorticator along the length of the driver assembly, positioning a malleting tool against the proximal end of the decorticator, and malleting the malleting tool to forcibly advance the decorticator and decorticate the lateral mass of the facet joint. The decorticator can be retracted, rotated, and re-advanced to a new position for malleted with the malleting tool to decorticate a different location. Intra-operative patient symptom feedback can also be obtained.

In another embodiment, a spinal distraction implant delivery tool can include an implant and an assembly, where the assembly includes a means for holding the implant, a means for positioning the implant within a facet joint, and a means for distracting the implant. The implant can include a first substantially planar member and a second substantially planar member arranged in parallel and opposing position to the first substantially planar member and a biasing connection connecting the first and second planar members to one another, the biasing connection adapted to create a biasing force directed toward biasing the members toward the parallel and opposing position. The means for holding can include a pair of implant holding arms, the arms adapted to pass between the planar members and force them apart against the biasing force. The holding arms can each include a means for engaging the implant. The means for distracting the implant can include an implant distractor and a means for rotatably advancing the implant distractor. The implant distractor can include a generally elongate member adapted to pass between the substantially planar members and force the members apart against the biasing force.

In another embodiment, a method of performing an interbody fusion can include inserting a delivery device and chisel assembly into a joint between vertebral bodies of the spine, removing the chisel assembly from the delivery device, and inserting a driver assembly through the delivery device. The driver assembly can hold an implant and an implant distractor adapted to distract the implant. The method can also include distracting the implant and removing the driver assembly and the delivery device. In some embodiments, the method can further include repeating the steps to place a second implant in the joint.

Further aspects of the invention will be brought out in the following portions of the specification, wherein the detailed description is for the purpose of fully disclosing preferred embodiments of the invention without placing limitations thereon.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a delivery device and chisel positioned relative to a facet joint of a spine, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 1A is a perspective view of a chisel according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a distal end of a delivery device, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a distal end of a delivery device with an advanced chisel, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a distal end of a delivery device with an advanced internal decorticator, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a delivery device and chisel positioned relative to a facet joint of a spine with a driving member positioned proximally to the chisel head, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a delivery device with an exterior decorticator in an advanced position, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 6A-6C are perspective views of a delivery device and an internal decorticator, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a delivery device with an exterior decorticator being retracted, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a delivery device with a driver assembly and implant poised for insertion into the delivery device, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 9 is a close-up view of a distal end of a driver assembly and a delivery device, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 10 is close-up view of a distal end of a driver assembly, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 11 is a perspective view of an implant and a distal end of a driver assembly, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 12 is a perspective view of distal end of a driver assembly holding an implant, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 13 is a perspective view of a distal end of a driver assembly positioned within a delivery device, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 14 is a perspective view of an implant distractor, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 15 is a perspective view of a distal end of a driver assembly positioned within a delivery device, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 16 is a perspective view of an implant according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 16A is a perspective view of an implant showing a guide feature, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 16B is a perspective view of an implant showing a guide feature, according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 17 is a side view of an implant according to certain embodiments.

FIG. 18 is a top view of an implant according to certain embodiments.



Download full PDF for full patent description/claims.

Advertise on FreshPatents.com - Rates & Info


You can also Monitor Keywords and Search for tracking patents relating to this Vertebral joint implants and delivery tools patent application.
###
monitor keywords

Browse recent Providence Medical Technology, Inc. patents

Keyword Monitor How KEYWORD MONITOR works... a FREE service from FreshPatents
1. Sign up (takes 30 seconds). 2. Fill in the keywords to be monitored.
3. Each week you receive an email with patent applications related to your keywords.  
Start now! - Receive info on patent apps like Vertebral joint implants and delivery tools or other areas of interest.
###


Previous Patent Application:
Stand-alone biomimetic artificial intervertebral disc system
Next Patent Application:
Dynamic knee balancer with pressure sensing
Industry Class:
Prosthesis (i.e., artificial body members), parts thereof, or aids and accessories therefor
Thank you for viewing the Vertebral joint implants and delivery tools patent info.
- - - Apple patents, Boeing patents, Google patents, IBM patents, Jabil patents, Coca Cola patents, Motorola patents

Results in 0.98637 seconds


Other interesting Freshpatents.com categories:
Novartis , Pfizer , Philips , Procter & Gamble ,

###

Data source: patent applications published in the public domain by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Information published here is for research/educational purposes only. FreshPatents is not affiliated with the USPTO, assignee companies, inventors, law firms or other assignees. Patent applications, documents and images may contain trademarks of the respective companies/authors. FreshPatents is not responsible for the accuracy, validity or otherwise contents of these public document patent application filings. When possible a complete PDF is provided, however, in some cases the presented document/images is an abstract or sampling of the full patent application for display purposes. FreshPatents.com Terms/Support
-g2--0.6985
Key IP Translations - Patent Translations

     SHARE
  
           

stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20130013070 A1
Publish Date
01/10/2013
Document #
13614508
File Date
09/13/2012
USPTO Class
623 1716
Other USPTO Classes
International Class
61F2/44
Drawings
151


Your Message Here(14K)


Fusion
Implant
Vertebra
Facet
Interbody Fusion


Follow us on Twitter
twitter icon@FreshPatents

Providence Medical Technology, Inc.

Browse recent Providence Medical Technology, Inc. patents

Prosthesis (i.e., Artificial Body Members), Parts Thereof, Or Aids And Accessories Therefor   Implantable Prosthesis   Bone   Spine Bone   Including Spinal Disc Spacer Between Adjacent Spine Bones