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Magnetic recording head

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20130003225 patent thumbnailZoom

Magnetic recording head


A method of fabricating a recording head includes depositing an insulator material onto at least a portion of a first member, wherein the insulator material forms an insulator film having a film thickness. The method further includes depositing a writer pole material onto the insulator film, wherein the writer pole material forms a writer pole member, and wherein the insulator film is between the writer pole member and a contact layer. Further, in some embodiments, the film thickness determines the distance between the writer pole member and the first contact member and also determines the distance between the writer pole member and the second contact member.


Inventors: Nurul Amin, Ibro Tabakovic, Eric S. Linville, Ming Sun
USPTO Applicaton #: #20130003225 - Class: 36012501 (USPTO) - 01/03/13 - Class 360 


Inventors:

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The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20130003225, Magnetic recording head.

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PRIORITY

This application is a divisional of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/051,332 filed Mar. 19, 2008, the disclosure of which is incorporated in its entirety by reference thereto.

BACKGROUND

Magnetic storage devices, such as magnetic disc drives, generally include magnetic recording heads and magnetic storage media. The magnetic recording heads (which perform both reading and writing functions) detect and modify the magnetic properties of the magnetic storage media in a data storage device.

A magnetic write head utilizes a magnetic write field coupled to a writer pole member located in the write head to orient a magnetic storage media to a readable state. To aid in the writing function, a magnetic write head may include a current carrying wire lead, which creates a magnetic field when current passes through the wire lead.

SUMMARY

Supplying current through a wire lead to create an electromagnetic field may result in excessive heat generation and power consumption. For example, generated heat may build up in a closed environment and adversely affect the reliability of a magnetic storage device.

In one aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a method of fabricating a recording head, which includes depositing an insulator material onto at least a portion of a first member, wherein the insulator material forms an insulator film having a film thickness. The method further includes depositing a writer pole material onto the insulator film, wherein the writer pole material forms a writer pole member, wherein the insulator film is between the writer pole member and a contact layer.

The details of one or more embodiments of the invention are set forth in the accompanying drawings and the description below. Other features, objects, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the description and drawings, and from the claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a representative plot of wire temperature as a function of wire length of an exemplary magnetic recording head.

FIG. 2 is an illustration of an exemplary disc drive including an exemplary magnetic recording head according to one aspect of the present invention.

FIG. 3A is an illustration of an exemplary magnetic recording head including a magnetic write head according to one aspect of the present invention.

FIG. 3B is an illustration of another exemplary magnetic recording head including a magnetic write head according to one aspect of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view of the exemplary magnetic write head of the exemplary magnetic recording head of FIG. 3A.

FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view of an exemplary magnetic write head having a partially wrapped configuration.

FIG. 6A through FIG. 17A are plan view illustrations of an exemplary method of fabricating a magnetic recording head according to one aspect of the present invention.

FIG. 6B through FIG. 17B are cross sectional views of FIG. 6A through FIG. 17A, respectively.

FIG. 18A through FIG. 24A are plan view illustrations of an exemplary method of fabricating a magnetic recording head including a partially wrapped writer pole member according to one aspect of the present invention.

FIG. 18B through 24B are cross sectional views of FIG. 18A through 24A, respectively.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

In general, the disclosure is related to magnetic recording heads. Suitable magnetic recording heads can include, but are not limited to, longitudinal and perpendicular magnetic recording heads and the like. The magnetic recording head can include a device, such as a magnetic write head, which performs at least part of the writing function. Some magnetic write heads, for example, Wire Assisted Magnetic Recording (WAMR) heads, may include a current carrying wire lead that creates an electromagnetic field to aid in the writing function. Such devices may include a wire lead and two contact members adjacent to a writer pole member. In some arrangements, the wire lead is coupled to both contact members, such that the length of the wire lead spans the writer pole member and an electric current can be sent through the wire lead to create an electromagnetic field to aid in the writing function.

In a device that includes a current carrying wire lead, such as, for example, a WAMR head, the creation of an electromagnetic filed typically requires a relatively high current through the wire lead, which may result in relatively high power consumption and heat generation. In general, heat generated due to current through a wire lead can accumulate in a device containing a magnetic recording head, such as a magnetic disc drive, and adversely affect the reliability and performance of the device. Consequently, it is desirable to optimize the power consumption and minimize the heat generation associated with magnetic recording heads.

FIG. 1 is a representative plot of wire temperature as a function of wire length in an exemplary WAMR head. The results plotted in FIG. 1 were gathered from a computer modeling using finite elements analysis software. In the computer model of the exemplary WAMR head, wire thickness was set at 0.1 micrometers, wire width was set at 0.1 micrometers, thickness of the respective contact members was set at 0.5 micrometers and current density was held constant. Temperature of the wire was then calculated by the finite elements analysis software as the length of the wire was varied between 0.10 micrometer and 0.50 micrometers. The results of the analysis are represented by line 102 which illustrates that wire temperature increases substantially as the length of the wire increases from 0.10 micrometers to 0.50 micrometers.

In one aspect, the present disclosure is related to a device including a writer pole member; a first contact member adjacent to the writer pole member; a second contact member adjacent to the writer pole member; a wire lead adjacent to the writer pole member, wherein the wire lead is in contact with the first contact member and the second contact member; and an insulator layer having a film thickness, wherein the insulator layer is between the writer pole member and the first contact member, wherein the insulator layer is also between the writer pole member and the second contact member.

FIG. 2 illustrates an exemplary magnetic disc drive 100 including a magnetic recording head according to one aspect of the present invention. Disc drive 100 includes base 102 and top cover 104, shown partially cut away. Base 102 combines with top cover 104 to form the housing 106 of disc drive 100. Disc drive 100 also includes one or more rotatable magnetic data discs 108. Data discs 108 are attached to spindle 114, which operates to rotate discs 108 about a central axis. Magnetic recording head 112 is adjacent to data discs 108. Actuator arm 110 carries magnetic recording head 112 for communication with each of the data discs 108.

FIG. 3A illustrates an exemplary magnetic recording head 200 including a magnetic write head 202 according to one aspect of the present invention. Recording head 200 floats adjacent to the air bearing surface of data disc 204. Recording head includes magnetic write head 202. Magnetic write head 202 includes writer pole member 208, wire lead 210, insulator film 216, first contact member 212, and second contact member 214. Wire lead 210, first contact 212 and second contact 214 are adjacent to writer pole member 208. Wire lead 210 is in contact with both first contact member 212 and second contact member 214 such that wire layer 210 spans writer pole member 208. Insulator film 216 is between writer pole member 208 and first contact member 212 and also between writer pole member 208 and second contact member 214. A magnetic write field, represented by arrows 206, out of the tip of magnetic write head 202 interacts with data disc 204 to orientate data disc 204 to a readable form. The direction of the magnetic write field may vary depending on a number of variables including, for example, the polarity of the bits written on the magnetic storage media, and is not limited to the direction represented by arrows 206. In some embodiments, the magnetic write field may be into the tip of magnetic write head 202.

In some embodiments a contact member may be in contact with a wire lead. For example, as stated above, first contact member 212 is in contact with wire lead 210. In general, a contact member may be considered to be in contact with a wire lead if the configuration allows for a current to flow through the wire lead to the respective contact member.

Positioning of a wire lead on magnetic write head may vary in embodiments of the present invention. For example, as illustrated in FIG. 3A, edge 218 of wire lead 210 is positioned to allow for edge 218 to float adjacent to the air bearing surface of data disc 204 at a height equal to that of the tip of magnetic write head 202. FIG. 3B illustrates another exemplary magnetic recording head 250 including a magnetic write head 252. Magnetic recording head 250 is configured the same as magnetic recording head 200 of FIG. 3A except that edge 256 of wire lead 254 is positioned to allow for edge 256 to float adjacent to the air bearing surface of data disc 204 at a height greater than that of the tip of magnetic write head 202.

FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view of the exemplary magnetic write head 202 of the magnetic recording head 200 of FIG. 3A. Wire lead 210, first contact 212 and second contact 214 are adjacent to writer pole member 208. Wire lead 210 is in contact with both first contact member 212 and second contact member 214 such that wire lead 210 spans writer pole member 208. As configured, current is allowed to flow across contact members 212, 214 through wire lead 210. Insulator film 216 is between writer pole member 208 and first contact member 212 and also between writer pole member 208 and second contact member 214. In some embodiments, wire lead 210 is configured to carry electrical current between first contact member 212 and second contact member 214, such that the current induces a magnetic field to aid the writer pole member in orienting a magnetic storage medium (e.g., a data disc). For instance, a data disc may be oriented by the induced magnetic field to a readable state.

In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 4, for example, writer pole member 208 may be in contact with wire lead 210, provided that writer pole member 208 has a relatively high resistance to allow for a relatively small amount of current to flow through writer pole 208. Instead, the majority of the current flow through contact members 212, 214. In other embodiments, writer pole member 208 is not in contact with wire lead and may be separated by a layer of insulator to prevent current flow through writer pole 208.

In general, the thickness of an insulator film may determine the distance (i.e. separation) between a writer pole member and a contact member. For example, as shown in FIG. 4, the thickness of insulator film 216 determines the distance 302 between first contact member 212 and writer pole member 208. The thickness of insulator film 216 also determines the distance 304 between second contact member 214 and writer pole member 208. The thickness of insulator film may be different depending on the desired distance between a pole member and contact member. For example, the thickness of insulator film 216 may be about 5 angstroms to 2 micrometers. In some embodiments, the thickness of a film may be less than about 1 micrometer.

In some aspects according to the present invention, it is advantageous to minimize the insulator film thickness as it results in a reduction of the distance between a writer pole member and contact member. For example, a reduction in distance between writer pole member 208 and first and second contact member 212, 214, respectively, may result in a reduction in the length of wire lead 210 used to create an electromagnetic field. Reducing the length of wire lead 210 may result in the reduction of heat generation and power consumption.

Thickness of an insulator film may also determine the alignment of writer pole member relative to first contact member and second contact member. In some embodiments, insulator film that has substantially uniform thickness may result in writer pole member being substantially equal distance from first contact member and second contact member. In some aspects, embodiments in which writer pole member is substantially equal distance from first contact member and second contact member may be preferred to embodiments in which writer pole member is not substantially equal distance from first contact member and second contact member. Other embodiments in which writer pole member is not substantially equal distance from first contact member and second contact member may be preferred to embodiments in which writer pole member is substantially equal distance from first contact member and second contact member.

In some embodiments, for example, as shown in FIG. 4, a surface of both contact members 212, 214 are on substantially the same plane as a surface of writer pole member 208. Additionally, wire lead 210 is substantially on the same plane as the surface of writer pole member 208 and contact members 212, 214. Wire lead 210 is also in contact with writer pole member 208 and both contact members 212, 214. In other embodiments, an insulator film may separate writer pole member and wire lead. In such embodiments, insulator film thickness may determine the distance of wire lead from write pole member.

In other embodiments according to the present invention, the configuration of a magnetic write head may differ from that of FIG. 4. For example, FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view of an exemplary magnetic write head having a partially wrapped configuration. As illustrated, wire lead 410, first contact 412 and second contact 414 are adjacent to writer pole member 408. Wire lead 410 is in contact with both first contact member 412 and second contact member 414 such that wire lead 410 spans writer pole member 408. Insulator film 416 is between writer pole member 408 and first contact member 412 and also between writer pole member 408 and second contact member 414. Surface of first contact 412 and second contact 414 are on a plane different from the plane defined by the surface of writer pole member 408. As shown, wire lead 410 is partially “wrapped” around at least a portion of writer pole 408 and is in contact with surface of first contact member 412 and second contact member 414. Insulator film 416 determines distance 404 and 402 between wire lead 410 and writer pole member 408 and contact members 412, 414 and writer pole member 408. Embodiments of the present invention exhibiting a partially wrapped configuration such as illustrated in FIG. 5, may have increased magnetic field through writer pole member because of the partially wrapped configuration.

In another aspect, the present disclosure is related to a method of fabricating a recording head including depositing an insulator material onto at least a portion of a first member, wherein the insulator material forms an insulator film having a film thickness. The method further includes depositing a writer pole material onto the insulator film, wherein the writer pole material forms a writer pole member, wherein the insulator film is between the writer pole member and a contact layer.

FIG. 6A through FIG. 17A are plan view illustrations of an exemplary method of fabricating a magnetic recording head according to one aspect of the present invention. FIG. 6B through FIG. 17B are cross sectional views of FIG. 6A through FIG. 17A, respectively.

Referring to FIGS. 6A and 6B, contact material 504 is deposited on substrate 502. Mask 506 is deposited on contact material 504. As shown, mask 506 is deposited such that the surface area of contact material 504 not covered by mask 506 substantially forms writer pole member outline 510. Substrate 502 may include any wafer material typically used in magnetic recording head fabrication, such as, for example, a solid wafer. Contact material 504 may include any metal or other conductive material. For example, contact material 504 may include at least one of copper, gold or tantalum. Mask 506 material may include any masking material typically used in etch processes or, more specifically, chemical etching processes.

Referring to FIGS. 7A and 7B, a portion of contact material 504 is removed, which is controlled by the disposition of mask 506. The removal process may include any known process, such as, for example, chemical etching or other process utilized in magnetic recording head fabrication. Area 508 of substrate 502 is exposed, generally determined by outline 510 defined by mask 506, by removing the portion contact material 504 not covered by mask 506.

Referring to FIGS. 8A and 8B, mask 506 is removed. Substrate 502 and contact material 504 remain. The remaining contact material 504 defines the lateral boundary of a writer pole imprint on substrate 502 and area 508 of substrate 502 defines the lower boundary of the writer pole imprint.

Referring to FIGS. 9A and 9B, insulator material 802 is deposited on a portion of the outer surface of contact material 504 and area 508 of substrate 502. Insulator material 802 forms an insulator film or layer 802 having a film thickness on the outer surface of contact material 504 and area 508 of substrate 502. Insulator material 802 is deposited such that the boundary of writer pole imprint defined by contact material 504 and area 508 remains substantially intact after the insulator film 802 is formed.

Embodiments of according to the present invention may include any number of insulator compositions to form the insulator film. For example, insulator compositions may include diamond like carbon; nitrides, such as, for example, aluminum nitride, silicon nitride; and oxides, such as, for example, aluminum oxide, silicon oxide. In some embodiments according to the present invention, an insulator composition that conducts heat relatively better than another composition may be preferred.

Insulator material 802 may be deposited by any known process to deposit a thin continuous layer of film. For example, insulator material 802 may be deposited by atomic layer deposition to form insulator film or layer 802. In general, atomic layer deposition may deposit continuous films as thin as about ten angstroms but may vary depending on the composition of material deposited.

As stated before, the thickness of an insulator film may determine the distance between a pole member and contact member. As such, for example, insulator material 802 may be deposited to result in a film thickness equal to that of the distance desired between a pole member and contract member. For example, in some embodiments, an insulator material may be deposited to result in a film thickness between about 5 angstroms to about 2 micrometers. In some embodiments, an insulator film may be deposited to result in a film thickness of less than about 1 micrometer.

Referring to FIGS. 10A and 10B, magnetic writer pole material 902 is deposited on the surface of insulator film 802 to form writer pole layer 902. As shown, writer pole material 902 is deposited such that the material 902 occupies a volume defined in part by the writer pole imprint. Writer pole material 902 may be deposited by any known process suitable for such deposition. In some embodiments, writer pole material 902 may be deposited by a physical vapor deposition, such as, for example, sputter deposition or sputter plating.

Referring to FIGS. 11A and 11B, a portion of writer pole material 902 is removed such that the remaining writer pole material 902 substantially forms writer pole member 1002. As shown, a portion of writer pole material 902 and a portion of insulator film 802 have been removed to exposed contact layer 504. Exposed surface of writer pole member 1002, contact layer 504 and insulator film 802 form a substantially uniform plane. The portion of writer pole material 902 and insulator film 504 can be removed by a process such as planarization. For example, chemical mechanical planarization (CMP). Insulator film 802 separates writer pole member 1002 from contact layer 504. Thickness of insulator film 802 determines the distance between writer pole member 1002 and contact layer 504. An insulator film that is deposited at a substantially uniform thickness may result in a writer pole member being substantially equal distance from a first contact member and a second contact member.

Referring to FIGS. 12A and 12B, wire material 1102 is deposited on the exposed surface of writer pole member 1002, insulator film 802, and contact layer 504. Deposited wire material 1102 forms wire layer 1102. In general, wire material may include any highly conducting material that does not significantly degrade over time under the stress of high electric currents. For example, wire material 1102 may include copper, gold, tantalum or tungsten. In some embodiments, the material includes any wire material generally used to form the current carrying wire in WAMR heads. Wire layer 1102 is on a plane that is substantially the same as the plane formed by the surface of writer pole member 1002, contact layer 504 and insulator layer 802.

Referring to FIGS. 13A and 13B, mask 1202 is deposited on a portion of the surface of wire layer 1102. Mask 1202 is deposited on a particular area to protect the portion of wire layer 1102 to form desired features of wire lead 1204. Wire material 1102 is removed except the portion protected by mask 1202. The portion of wire material 1102 remaining after removal process forms wire lead 1204. The removal process may include a process such as chemical etching, sputter etching, ion mill process or any other process utilized in magnetic recording head fabrication.

Referring to FIGS. 14A and 14B, mask 1202 is removed to expose surface of wire lead 1204. Mask 1202 may be removed using any known process to remove mask material.



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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20130003225 A1
Publish Date
01/03/2013
Document #
13611037
File Date
09/12/2012
USPTO Class
36012501
Other USPTO Classes
G9B/504
International Class
11B5/127
Drawings
16




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