CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
This present application is based on Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 61/458,036, filed Nov. 16, 2010, title “PEEP1 PIEZO ELECTRIC EFFECT POWER 1”, which will be referred to as Ref1, AND this present application claims all the benefits of this Provisional Patent Application No. 61/458,036.
The country is spending a lot of money on petroleum products to generate the power needed to support our life style. In addition and as a result, we are also generating large amounts of CO2, Carbon Dioxide, using this petroleum energy source, thus contributing further towards global warming, as speculated by a lot of scientists. There is an intensive drive to get off petroleum energy sources as much as possible and to start using other/alternative sources of energy, first to reduce our dependency on foreign sources of energy and second, to reduce the carbon emissions.
The purpose of this invention is to help in getting us closer to this goal.
DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS
More definitions may appear throughout the specification text, when appropriate.
(N) or (n) or (−) Negatively doped semi-conductor material
(P) or (p) or (+) Positively doped semi-conductor material
ABE Bus Bar (−)
ABS Bus Bar (−)
AC Alternative Current
ATE Bus Bar Out
ATS Bus Bar IN
BBE Bus Bar (+)
BBS Bus Bar (−)
BD1, 2, 3, 4 Bottom diodes 1, 2, 3 and 4.
BPE Bottom Piezo-Electric Element
BTE Bus Bar IN
BTS Bus Bar IN
C Compressive force C
E2L Energy to the Left
E2R Energy to the Right
EP Electric Power.
F-DN Flapper in the Downward position
F-UP Flapper in the Upward position
FHRZL Flapper in the Horizontal position
Full Conductor An electrically conductive material, which conducts electricity in any direction, regardless of the polarity of the electricity. Copper is a good example.
LB Level Branch, e.g. First Level Branch, Second Level Branch, etc.
MO Module Outline
One-Way Valve An electric circuit that allows the flow of the electric current in only one direction, similar to a one-way valve used in hydraulic applications.
PE material A material that exhibits the PE phenomenon
PEE PE Effect or PE Element, depending on the text content.
PEEP Piezo Electric Effect Power
PES Piezo Electric Sheet
Semi-Conductor A material that conducts electricity in one direction only
T Tensile forces or stresses
T1, T2 Terminals
TD1, 2, 3, 4 Top Diodes #1, 2, 3 and 4
TPE Top Piezo-Electric Element
W Load, electric
wrt with respect to
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
It is well known that a piezoelectric (PE) material or device can generate an electric charge or voltage and ultimately power, when it is mechanically stressed, as depicted in FIG. 1 or in FIG. 2-A or in FIG. 5 or in FIG. 20. And vice versa, such a PE material can move mechanically when an electrical power or charge is applied to it, as in the PE “fan” depicted in FIG. 4. For example, there are Piezoelectric (PE) speakers, which convert electrical input signals to sound, the sound being generated by a diaphragm of some sort, which is moved mechanically by the PE element in the speaker, where the PE element has converted the electrical input signal into a mechanical movement output. The reverse is also true. There are PE lighters, which act in the reverse way. When you strike a PE element inside the lighter, by some mechanical input like pushing on the release lever, the PE element generates an electric output, which creates the spark needed to light a fire for example. This PE lighter does generate electrical power as a result of applying a mechanical input onto its PE element.
There are a certain number of materials that have/exhibit this PE phenomenon. For example, solids made out of certain ceramic materials, or sheets made out of KYNAR, usually flexible if thin enough, which is a plastic material, exhibit such a PE phenomenon.
My invention here is to utilize this PE phenomenon and such materials, to generate electric power, by applying mechanical stress and/or movements on such materials, for example from wind, from waves in the ocean or similar water bodies, or from anything that could generate a mechanical stress and/or movements in a PE material.
Of course, there should also be a way to capture the electric power that would be generated by these materials as a result of these mechanical inputs, and to store the generated electric power, or to use it or consume it right away. I propose using means to direct the generated electric power at the right instances in appropriate directions, so that if there are two units of electric power, that are generated at the same time but are of opposite polarity, then these two units would not cancel out each other. For this purpose, I am proposing a number of alternatives, described here below.
A first alternative is to use semi-conductors, such as diodes and/or transistors, to separate the output charges and collect the similar charges at individual collectors, separately from the non-similar charges, so that they do not neutralize each other. In other words, collect all the Positive (+) charges at the Positive (+) collector or terminal, and collect all the Negative (−) charges at the Negative (−) collector or terminal.
A second alternative is to break down any large size PE generator and/or Collectors into smaller units or segments. The purpose is again to reduce the chance of having one polarity charge neutralizing the opposite polarity charge, mostly by separating the generating elements from each other as much as possible and/or by separating the collectors as well, for the same purpose.
All these alternatives include at the same time, features to facilitate the manufacturing processes to create the various proposed embodiments.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The Figure shows:
Cantilever piezo beam generates Electric Power
Same, plus Sinusoidal Positive and Negative Output
Same, plus 4-diode bridge rectifier and All Positive Output