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Method and device for treating fluorine-containing water

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Method and device for treating fluorine-containing water


A high percentage of fluorine in fluorine-containing water is removed and high purity calcium fluoride is recovered when treating the fluorine-containing water by passing the same through calcium carbonate packed towers provided in series in a plurality of stages, preferably two stages. In a method including passing fluorine-containing water through calcium carbonate packed towers provided in series in a plurality of stages to remove the fluorine in the fluorine-containing water and recover calcium fluoride, the calcium carbonate towers are packed with calcium carbonate with a volume mean diameter of 30 to 150 μm. By the use of calcium carbonate granules with a volume mean diameter of 30 to 150 μm, an increase in the purity of the recovered calcium fluoride and an increase in the fluorine removal ratio can be realized with a relatively small device.
Related Terms: Calcium Fluoride

Browse recent Kurita Water Industries Ltd. patents - Tokyo, JP
Inventor: Shuhei Izawa
USPTO Applicaton #: #20120279928 - Class: 210752 (USPTO) - 11/08/12 - Class 210 
Liquid Purification Or Separation > Processes >Chemical Treatment >Plural Spaced Feedings

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The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20120279928, Method and device for treating fluorine-containing water.

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FIELD OF INVENTION

The present invention relates to a method and a device for treating fluorine-containing water, and more particularly relates to a method and a device for treating fluorine-containing water for removing fluorine highly from fluorine-containing water such as waste water containing a fluorine-based etching agent, and efficiently recovering the removed fluorine as calcium fluoride having high purity.

BACKGROUND OF INVENTION

A large amount of an etching agent which contains hydrogen fluoride or hydrogen fluoride and ammonium fluoride as main ingredients has been used in a semiconductor manufacturing process, a related process thereof, or a surface treatment process of various materials including metal materials, single crystal materials, optical materials, and the like. An etching agent which contains hydrogen fluoride as a main ingredient or an etching agent which contains hydrogen fluoride and ammonium fluoride (buffered hydrofluoric acid) as main ingredients contains high levels of fluorine as HF. Therefore, when these etching agents flow into a waste water system, waste water thereof become to contain fluorine at a high concentration. As materials treated with etching agents are washed with a large amount of cleaning water during etching process and after the process, a large amount of waste water containing low levels of fluorine is discharged from the washing process.

According to a conventional method, waste water containing high levels of fluorine and waste water containing low levels of fluorine are mixed and treated. Patent Document 1 discloses a method for treating fluorine-containing waste water wherein the waste water is fed to and passed through a reaction tower packed with granular calcium carbonate.

The method described in Patent Document 1, treatment is performed by a merry-go-round method, in which a plurality of towers packed with calcium carbonate are arranged in series. First, raw water is sequentially passed from a first tower (tower in a first stage) to the following tower(s) to remove and recover fluorine. When the fluorine concentration of the raw water flowing into the first tower and the fluorine concentration of the treated water flowed out from the first tower become almost the same, feeding raw water to the first tower is stopped, the calcium fluoride is recovered from the first tower, and the first tower is packed with fresh calcium carbonate. Then, raw water is fed to and passed through the second tower, and flows sequentially to the following tower(s) for the first tower.

Patent Document 1 describes that glanular calcium carbonate packed in each calcium carbonate packed tower has a diameter of about 0.1 to 0.5 mm, and specifically granular calcium carbonate having a diameter of 0.25 mm is used in Examples thereof.

Patent Document 2 discloses a method for removing fluorine from fluorine-containing raw water including a process of feeding the raw water to a reaction tower packed with granular calcium carbonate to remove the fluorine, wherein acid or alkali is added to the raw water based on an α-value calculated from measured values of fluorine concentration and acid concentration in the raw water.

LIST OF DOCUMENTS

Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent 3466637

Patent Document 2: Japanese Patent 2565110

The method described in Patent Document 1 has a problem that, in order to recover high purity calcium fluoride from the calcium carbonate packed towers, raw water is passed until the fluorine concentration of the raw water flowing into the tower in the first stage and the fluorine concentration of the treated water therefrom become almost the same, i.e., the fluorine removal ratio of the calcium carbonate packed tower in the first stage becomes almost zero. As a result thereof, fluorine leaks into the treated water of the calcium carbonate packed tower (reaction tower) in the second stage as illustrated in FIG. 4, so that the fluorine removal ratio becomes low. For example, in Example 1 of Patent Document 1, when the fluorine removal ratio of the first tower packed with the calcium carbonate is 0%, the fluorine removal ratio of the second tower is 72.7 to 77.6%, i.e., the fluorine removal ratio of the entire device is 72.7 to 77.6%, so that treated water of high water quality cannot be obtained.

In order to solve the above problem, it has also been designed to increase the number of the towers packed with calcium carbonate and to arrange the calcium carbonate packed towers in series in three or more stages. However, in this case, the treating device is enlarged in its scale, which is not preferable in every respect of the device cost, installation area, maintenance, and the like.

OBJECT AND

SUMMARY

OF INVENTION

It is an object of the present invention to solve the above-described problems, and provide a method and a device for treating fluorine-containing water capable of removing fluorine in fluorine-containing water efficiently and recovering high purity calcium fluoride when treating the fluorine-containing water by passing the same through plurality of, preferably two, calcium carbonate packed towers arranged in series.

The present inventors have conducted extensive research for solving the above-described problems, and have found that an increase in the purity of the recovered calcium fluoride and an increase in the fluorine removal ratio can be realized with a relatively small device by the use of calcium carbonate granules having a specific volume mean granule diameter.

The present invention has been accomplished based on such findings, and the gist thereof is described below.

A first aspect provides a method for treating fluorine-containing water including passing fluorine-containing water through calcium carbonate packed towers arranged in series in a plurality of stages to remove fluorine in the fluorine-containing water and recover calcium fluoride, in which the calcium carbonate granules packed in each tower have a volume mean diameter of 30 to 150 μm.

A second aspect provides a method for treating fluorine-containing water in which the calcium carbonate packed towers are arranged in series in two stages in the first aspect.

A third aspect provides a method for treating fluorine-containing water in which the calcium carbonate granules contain granules having a diameter of lower than 20 μm at a ratio of 15% or lower in the first or second aspect.

A fourth aspect provides a method for treating fluorine-containing water in which the fluorine-containing water is passed through the calcium carbonate packed towers at an SV of 0.1 to 5 hr−1 in any one of the first to third aspects.

A fifth aspect provides a device for treating fluorine-containing water, having a unit for treating fluorine-containing water in which calcium carbonate packed towers are provided in series in a plurality of stages, a unit for passing fluorine-containing water through the unit for treating fluorine-containing water, a unit for extracting treated water from the unit for treating fluorine-containing water, and a unit for recovering calcium fluoride from the calcium carbonate packed towers, in which the volume mean diameter of the calcium carbonate packed in the calcium carbonate packed towers is 30 to 150 μm.

A sixth aspect provides a device for treating fluorine-containing water in which the calcium carbonate packed towers of the unit for treating fluorine-containing water are arranged in series in two stages in the fifth aspect.

A seventh aspect provides a device for treating fluorine-containing water in which the calcium carbonate granules contain granules having a diameter of lower than 20 μm at a ratio of 15% or lower in the fifth or sixth aspect.

An eighth aspect provides a device for treating fluorine-containing water in which the fluorine-containing water is passed through the calcium carbonate packed towers at an SV of 0.1 to 5 hr−1 in any one of the fifth to seventh aspects.

ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF INVENTION

According to the present invention, an increase in the fluorine removal ratio and an increase in the purity of calcium fluoride can be realized with a relatively small device by the use of calcium carbonate granules having a specific volume mean diameter when passing fluorine-containing water through a plurality of calcium carbonate packed towers in series to remove the fluorine in the fluorine-containing water and recover the removed fluorine as calcium fluoride.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a system diagram illustrating an embodiment of a device for treating fluorine-containing water of the invention.

FIG. 2 is a system diagram illustrating a first water passage direction in the device for treating fluorine-containing water of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a system diagram illustrating a second water passage direction in the device for treating fluorine-containing water of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a graph illustrating the breakthrough curve of fluorine in a conventional method (Diameter of calcium carbonate granules: 250 μm).

FIG. 5 is a graph illustrating the breakthrough curve of fluorine in a method of the invention (Diameter of calcium carbonate granules: 90 μm).

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

Hereinafter, embodiments of a method and a device for treating fluorine-containing water of the invention are described in detail with reference to the drawings.

FIG. 1 is a system diagram illustrating an embodiment of a device for treating fluorine-containing water of the invention. FIGS. 2 and 3 are system diagrams illustrating water passage directions in the device for treating fluorine-containing water. The devices of FIGS. 1 to 3 include calcium carbonate packed towers 1 and 2, a raw water tank 3, a raw water pump 4, a reaction liquid tank 5, a reaction liquid transfer pump 6, a treated water tank 7, and opening-and-closing valves V1 to V8. In FIGS. 2 and 3, piping through which water passes is represented by a thick line and opened valves are represented by black and closed valves are represented by white.

The device for treating fluorine-containing water illustrated in FIG. 1 is provided with water passage piping and valves in such a manner as to realize water passage of a merry-go-round system capable of switching a first water passage direction in which raw water (fluorine-containing water) is sequentially passed through the tower 1 and the tower 2 (FIG. 2) and a second water passage direction in which raw water is sequentially passed through the tower 2 and the tower 1 (FIG. 3).

The device for treating fluorine-containing water illustrated in FIG. 1 is one example of the device for treating fluorine-containing water of the invention, and the invention is not limited to the device for treating fluorine-containing water illustrated in FIG. 1. For example, the device can be configured so that the calcium carbonate packed towers are arranged in series in three or more stages. However, in terms of the object of the invention of realizing an increase in the fluorine removal ratio and an increase in the purity of the recovered calcium fluoride without increasing the size of the device, it is preferable to provide the calcium carbonate packed towers in series in two stages.

In FIG. 1, although water is passed through the towers 1 and 2 in an upward flow, the flow can be changed to a downward flow. However, in the treatment of fluorine-containing water, carbonic acid gas is emitted as described later due to a reaction of calcium carbonate and hydrogen fluoride. Therefore, in the case of a downward flow, a water break phenomenon arises in the towers due to the gas flow, and the reaction is hindered by deflection of the water current. Therefore, an upward flow is preferable.

In the device for treating fluorine-containing water of FIG. 1, first, the valves V1, V3, V5, and V8 are opened and the valves V2, V4 V6, and V7 are closed as illustrated in FIG. 2. Then, raw water in the raw water tank 3 is passed through the tower 1 to supply outflow water of the tower 1 to the reaction liquid tank 5 with the raw water pump 4, the liquid in the reaction liquid tank 5 is passed through the calcium carbonate packed tower 2 with the pump 6, and then the outflow water is extracted as treated water through the treated water tank 7.

Thus, the raw water is passed through the tower 1 and the tower 2 in this order to be treated. When the fluorine removal ratio of the tower 1 becomes almost 0% i.e., when the fluorine concentration of the inflow raw water of the tower 1 and the fluorine concentration of the outflow water thereof becomes almost the same, the passage of the raw water into the tower 1 is stopped. Then, packed granules containing calcium fluoride generated by the reaction of the calcium carbonate and the fluorine in the raw water in the tower 1 are recovered and also fresh calcium carbonate granules are packed in the tower 1. Thereafter, the water passage direction of the raw water is switched to set the direction to the water passage direction illustrated in FIG. 3.

Namely, the valves V2, V4, V6, and V7 are opened and the valves V1, V3, V5, and V8 are closed firstly. By this, the raw water in the raw water tank 3 is passed through the tower 2 to supply the outflow water of the tower 2 to the tank 5 with the pump 4. Then, the liquid in the tank 5 is passed through the tower 1 with the pump 6, and then the outflow water is extracted as treated water through the treated water tank 7.

Thus, the raw water is passed through the tower 2 and the tower 1 in this order to be treated. When the fluorine removal ratio of the tower 2 becomes almost 0% i.e., when the fluorine concentration of the inflow raw water of the tower 2 and the fluorine concentration of the outflow water thereof becomes almost the same, the passage of the raw water into the tower 2 is stopped. Then, packed granules containing calcium fluoride generated by the reaction of the calcium carbonate and the fluorine in the raw water in the tower 2 are recovered and also fresh calcium carbonate granules are packed in the tower 2. Thereafter, the water passage direction of the raw water is switched to set the direction to the water passage direction illustrated in FIG. 2.

Treatment thereafter is performed by switching the water passage direction of FIG. 2 and the water passage direction of FIG. 3 as described above.

In the invention, calcium carbonate granules having a volume mean diameter of 30 to 150 μm are used as the calcium carbonate to be packed in the calcium carbonate packed towers for treating fluorine-containing water.

When the volume mean diameter of the calcium carbonate granules is smaller than 30 μm, fine calcium carbonate granules leak from the calcium carbonate packed tower due to carbonic acid gas generated by the reaction of the calcium carbonate and the hydrogen fluoride in the raw water, resulting that the treatment becomes unstable and that the fluorine removal ratio decreases.

In contrast, when the volume mean diameter of the calcium carbonate granules is larger than 150 μm, the reaction rate of the calcium carbonate and the hydrogen fluoride is low, so that a sufficient fluorine removal ratio cannot be achieved by the two calcium carbonate packed towers as described later. Moreover, the progress of the reaction to the inside of the calcium carbonate granules takes long time, so that the purity of the recovered calcium fluoride becomes low.

By the use of calcium carbonate granules having a volume mean diameter of 30 to 150 μm, preferably 30 to 100 μm, and more preferably 40 to 90 μm, high purity calcium fluoride with a purity of 90% or more and preferably 98% or more can be recovered and also a fluorine removal ratio of 90% or more, preferably 97% or more, and more preferably 99% or more can be achieved by the two calcium carbonate packed towers.

The calcium carbonate granules having the volume mean diameter of the calcium carbonate granules in the above-described specific range have preferably a ratio of fine calcium carbonate granules having a diameter of lower than 20 μm is 15% or lower, preferably 5% or lower, and more preferably 1% or lower.

Even if the calcium carbonate granules have the volume mean diameter in the above-described specific range, when the granules contain a large amount of fine granules with a diameter of lower than 20 μm have a tendency such that fine calcium carbonate granules leak from the calcium carbonate packed towers due to the carbonic acid gas generated by the reaction of the calcium carbonate and the hydrogen fluorine in the raw water, so that the treatment becomes unstable and the fluorine removal ratio also decreases.

In the invention, the mechanism of the action of improving the effects of the increase in the purity of the recovered calcium fluoride and the increase in the fluorine removal ratio by the use of the calcium carbonate granules with an appropriate volume mean diameter is considered as follows.

In the treatment of fluorine-containing water by calcium carbonate, the calcium carbonate is changed to the calcium fluoride by the reaction of hydrogen fluoride to the calcium carbonate represented by the following reaction formula (1).



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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20120279928 A1
Publish Date
11/08/2012
Document #
13503244
File Date
10/19/2010
USPTO Class
210752
Other USPTO Classes
210201
International Class
/
Drawings
5


Calcium Fluoride


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