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Pharmaceutical composition useful as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors

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Pharmaceutical composition useful as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors


The present invention relates to pharmaceutical composition comprising the naturally occurring compounds selected from (±) Marrnesin, Columbianetin, Dihydroxanthyletin and substituted coumarin derivatives of 7-allyloxy coumarin, 7-benzyloxy coumarin, 7 -methoxycoumarin, 7-acetyloxy coumarin, 4-methyl-7-hydroxy coumarin and 4-methyl-7-acetyloxy coumarin. The said compositions possess a high degree of acetylcholinesterase inhibitory (AChE) property.
Related Terms: Acetylcholinesterase Coumarin

Browse recent Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research patents - New Delhi, IN
Inventors: Janaswamy Madhusudana Rao, Bhimapaka China Raju, Pullela Venkata Srinivas, Katragadda Suresh Babu, Jhillu Singh Yadav, Kondapuram Vijaya Raghvan, Hemant Kumar Singh, Chandiswar Nath
USPTO Applicaton #: #20120277297 - Class: 514455 (USPTO) - 11/01/12 - Class 514 
Drug, Bio-affecting And Body Treating Compositions > Designated Organic Active Ingredient Containing (doai) >Heterocyclic Carbon Compounds Containing A Hetero Ring Having Chalcogen (i.e., O,s,se Or Te) Or Nitrogen As The Only Ring Hetero Atoms Doai >Oxygen Containing Hetero Ring >The Hetero Ring Is Six-membered >Polycyclo Ring System Having The Hetero Ring As One Of The Cyclos >Tricyclo Ring System Having The Hetero Ring As One Of The Cyclos

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The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20120277297, Pharmaceutical composition useful as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors.

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US 20120277297 A1 20121101 US 13460472 20120430 13 IN 0735/DEL/2006 20060320 20060101 A
A
61 K 31 37 F I 20121101 US B H
20060101 A
C
07 D 493 04 L I 20121101 US B H
20060101 A
A
61 P 25 28 L I 20121101 US B H
20060101 A
C
07 D 311 20 L I 20121101 US B H
US 514455 514457 549289 549282 Pharmaceutical Composition Useful as Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors US 11688359 20070320 US 8188143 US 13460472 Madhusudana Rao Janaswamy
Hyderabad IN
omitted IN
Raju Bhimapaka China
Hyderabad IN
omitted IN
Srinivas Pullela Venkata
Hyderabad IN
omitted IN
Babu Katragadda Suresh
Hyderabad IN
omitted IN
Yadav Jhillu Singh
Hyderabad IN
omitted IN
Raghvan Kondapuram Vijaya
Hyderabad IN
omitted IN
Singh Hemant Kumar
Lucknow IN
omitted IN
Nath Chandiswar
Lucknow IN
omitted IN
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research 03
New Delhi IN

The present invention relates to pharmaceutical composition comprising the naturally occurring compounds selected from (±) Marrnesin, Columbianetin, Dihydroxanthyletin and substituted coumarin derivatives of 7-allyloxy coumarin, 7-benzyloxy coumarin, 7 -methoxycoumarin, 7-acetyloxy coumarin, 4-methyl-7-hydroxy coumarin and 4-methyl-7-acetyloxy coumarin. The said compositions possess a high degree of acetylcholinesterase inhibitory (AChE) property.

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FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition useful as acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChE). The present invention particularly relates to the use of natural compounds selected from (±) Marmesin, Columbianetin, Dihydroxanthyletin and substituted coumarin derivatives for the preparation of composition useful as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Alzheimer's disease (AD) (J. Med. Chem. 46, 2279, 2003) is a chronic neuro degenerative disorder, which finds severe behavioral abnormalities and loss of cognitive ability. Alzheimer's disease is associated with cerebral cholinergic hypo function and characterized by plaques of the amyloid β-peptide, neurofibrillary tangles and degeneration or atrophy of the basal forebrain cholinergic neurons. The loss of forebrain cholinergic cells results reduction in acetylcholine, which plays an important role in the cognitive impairment associated with Alzheimer's disease. One of the most promising approaches for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease is to increase in the levels of acetyl choline by inhibition of acetycholinesterase.

Several approaches have been developed for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease by inhibiting the AChE. The most used AChE inhibitors are Galanthamine, donepezil, rivastigmine, tacrine and 2H-3,4-tetrahydroquinazoline-2-one & 2H-3,4-tetrahydro quinazoline-2,4-dione (U.S. Pat. No. 5,504,088, 1996) were also reported.

Pyrano coumarins, furo coumarins and substituted coumarins are natural compounds possessing biological activities like purgative (J. Indian. Chem. Soc. Vol 66, 66, 1989), insecticidal (Jpn. Appl. 7 973 12, 1977; Chem. Abstr Vol 91, p152771u, 1977), antimicrobial (Chem. Abstr. Vol 56, 1835b, 1962), anti feedant (J. Agric. Food. Chem. Vol 37, 1435, 1989), antiulcer (Fitoterapia Vol 68, 410, 1997; Chem. Abstr Vol 128, 268242j, 1998), anti cancer (J. Nat. Prod. Vol 57, 518, 1994) and anti HIV (U.S. Pat. No. 5,637,589; Chem. Abstr. Vol 127, 104326t, 1997). Coumarin derivatives were also exhibited monoamine oxidase (MAO-A& B) inhibitory properties (J. Med. Chem. 43, 4747, 2000, J. Med. Chem. 44, 3195, 2001, Arkivoc, 272, 2004).

The present invention relates to the compounds of natural sources (±) Marmesin, Columbianetin (Phytochemistry, Vol 39(6), 1347, 1995) Dihydroxanthyletin (Phytochemistry, Vol 34(3), 819, 1993), coumarin derivatives of 7-allyloxy coumarin, 7-benzyloxy coumarin, 7-methoxy coumarin, 7-acetyloxy coumarin, 4-methyl-7-hydroxy coumarin and 4-methyl-7-acetyloxy coumarin are potent highly selective towards the AChE in vitro and in vivo. These compounds are highly effective for the treatment and prevention of AChE.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1a: Effect of AP 20am Samples (100 mg/Kg, Po×3 Days) on Scopolamine induced Deficit in Passive Avoidance Test in Mice (p**<0.001, *<0.01 Significant difference from 1st Trial, p value determined by student's t Paired test).

FIG. 1b: Effect of Ap 20am14.15 & 16. Samples (50 mg/Kg, po×3 Days) on Scopolamine induced Deficit in Passive Avoidance Test in Mice (p**<0.001, *<0.01 Significant difference from 1st Trial, p value determined by student's t Paired test).

OBJECTIVE OF THE INVENTION

The main objective of the present invention is to provide a pharmaceutical composition useful as acetylcholinesterase inhibitor.

Another object of the present invention is to provide the composition wherein the composition exhibit more percent memory retention than standard drug Donepezil, in scopolamine induced memory deficit mice.

One of the objectives of the present invention is to use the naturally occurring compounds for the preparation of (±) Marmesin and Columbianetin.

It is another objective of the present invention is to provide composition using dihydroxanthyletin, useful as AChE inhibitor.

It is further objective of the present invention is to provide composition using compounds 7-allyloxy coumarin, 7-benzyloxy coumarin and 4-methyl-7-acetyloxy coumarins, useful as AChE inhibitor.

It is yet further objective of the present invention is to provide composition using compounds selected from 7-methoxy coumarin, 7-acetyloxy coumarin and 4-methyl-7-hydroxy coumarins, useful as AChE inhibitor.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly the present invention provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound of formula 1, analogs and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof;

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    • (i) wherein R1 and R2 is linked with each other via the following moiety and collectively makes fused system, and R3 is H;

embedded image

    • (ii) wherein R1 and R3 is linked with each other via following moiety and collectively makes fused system, and R1 is H;

embedded image

    • (iii) wherein R1 and R2 is linked with each other via following moiety and collectively makes fused system, and R3 is H;

embedded image

    • (vi) wherein the value of R, R1, R2, and R3 is selected from the group consisting of

1. R=R2=R3=H; R1=OH.

2. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Prenyl

3. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Allyl

4. R=R2=R3=H; R1=2,2-dimethyl alkyne

5. R=R2=R3=H; R1=2,2-dimethyl alkene

6. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Benzyl

7. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Acetyl

8. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Methyl

9. R=R1=R3=H; R2=Prenyl

10. R=R3=H; R1=R2=Prenyl

11. R=R1=R2=H; R3=Prenyl

12. R=Methyl; R1=R2=R3=H

13. R=R1=Methyl; R2=R3=H

14. R=R1=Acetyl; R2=R3=H

15. R=Methyl; R1=R3=H; R2=OH

16. R=Methyl; R1=Benzyl, R2=Benzyloxy, R3=H

17. R=Methyl; R1=Methyl, R2=Methyloxy, R3=H

18. R=Methyl; R1=Acetyl, R2=Acetyloxy, R3=H

optionally along with the pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, or diluent, wherein the effective dose of composition is ranging between 50 to 100 mg/kg body weight.

In an embodiment of the present invention, wherein the compound of general formula 1 further comprising:

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In an embodiment of the invention, wherein the compound of general formula 1 further comprising:

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In another embodiment of the invention, wherein the compound of general formula 1 further comprising:

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In yet another embodiment of the invention, wherein the compound of general formula 1 further comprising:

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In a further embodiment of the invention, wherein the compound of general formula 1 further comprising:

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Wherein

R=R2=R3=H; R1=OH.

R=R2=R3=H; R1=Prenyl

R=R2=R3=H; R1=Allyl

R=R2=R3=H; R1=2,2-dimethyl alkyne

R=R2=R3=H; R1=2,2-dimethyl alkene

R=R2=R3=H; R1=Benzyl

R=R2=R3=H; R1=Acetyl

R=R2=R3=H; R1=Methyl

R=R1=R3=H; R2=Prenyl

R=R3=H; R1=R2=Prenyl

R=R1=R2=H; R3=Prenyl

R=Methyl; R1=R2=R3=H

R=R1=Methyl; R2=R3=H

R=R1=Acetyl; R2=R3=H

R=Methyl; R1=R3=H; R2=OH

R=Methyl; R1=Benzyl, R2=Benzyloxy, R3=H

R=Methyl; R1=Methyl, R2=Methyloxy, R3=H

R=Methyl; R1=Acetyl, R2=Acetyloxy, R3=H

In yet another embodiment of the invention, wherein the compound used for the preparation of composition is selected from the group consisting of (±) Marmesin, Columbianetin, dihydroxanthyletin, 7-methoxy coumarin, 7-acetyloxy coumarin, 4-methyl-7-hydroxy coumarin, 7-Allyloxycoumarin, and 7-Benzyloxycoumarin.

In an embodiment of the invention, wherein the compounds used for the preparation of composition may be from natural source or synthesized.

In still another embodiment of the invention wherein the composition is useful as acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor.

In a further embodiment of the invention wherein the composition inhibits cholinesterase up to 49%

In still another embodiment of the invention wherein the composition is administered by oral route.

Accordingly the present invention provides a method of treating Alzheimer's disease and related chronic neuron degenerative disorders comprising administering the composition in a subject need thereof wherein the composition comprising an effective amount of compound of formula 1, analogs and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof optionally along with the pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, or diluents.

In an embodiment of the invention, wherein the composition is administered by oral route.

In another embodiment of the invention, wherein the composition exhibit more percent memory retention than standard drug Donepezil, in scopolamine induced memory deficit mice.

In a still another embodiment of the invention, wherein the composition comprising the compound selected from group consisting of (±) Marmesin, Columbianetin, Dihydroxanthyletin, 7-Hydroxy-6-prenylcoumarin, 7-Methoxycoumarin, 7-Acetyloxycoumarin, 4-Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin, 4-Methyl-7-methoxycoumarin, 4-Methyl-7-acetyloxy coumarin, 4-Methyl-7,8-dihydroxycoumarin, 4-Methyl-7,8-dibenzyloxycoumarin, 4-Methyl-7,8-dimethoxycoumarin, and 4-Methyl-7,8-diacetyloxycoumarin inhibiting the AChE in vitro.

In an embodiment of the invention, wherein the composition comprising the compound selected from the group consisting of 7-allyloxy coumarin, 7-benzyloxy coumarin, 7-Methoxycoumarin, 7-Acetyloxycoumarin, 4-Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin, and 4-methyl-7-acetyloxy coumarins, is inhibiting acetylcholinesterase in vivo

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The invention is further described in the following examples that are given by the way of illustration and therefore should not be construed to limit the present invention in any manner.

Example-1 Preparation of (±) Marmesin, Columbianetin, Dihydroxanthyletin, Seselin and Coumarin Derivatives

The synthetic (±) Marmesin and columbianetin were prepared starting from 7-Hydroxy coumarin (Umbelliferone). Condensation of 7-hydroxy coumarin with 2-chloro-2-methyl but-3-yne in the presence of base gave propargylether. The obtained ether on catalytic hydrogenation afforded alkene. The alkene on claisen rearrangement gave two isomeric products. Oxidation of 7-Hydroxy-6-Prenyl coumarin with m-chloroperbenzoic acid in ethyl acetate solvent gave (±) Marmesin. Oxidation of 7-Hydroxy-8-Prenyl coumarin with m-chloroperbenzoic acid in ethyl acetate solvent gave columbianetin. 7-Hydroxy-6-Prenyl coumarin on oxidation with m-chloroperbenzoic acid in chloroform solvent gave dihydroxanthyletin. (Tetrahedron, 27, 1247, 1971, Tetrahedron, 27, 4901, 1971).

The synthetic seselin was prepared starting from 7-Hydroxy coumarin (Umbelliferone). Condensation of 7-hydroxy coumarin with 2-chloro-2-methyl but-3-yne in the presence of base gave propargylether. The propargylether on heating at 200° C. with N,N-dimethyl aniline gave seselin. (Tetrahedron, 27, 1247, 1971, Tetrahedron, 27, 4901, 1971).

Example-2 Experimental Procedures for In vitro and In vivo evaluation of (±) Marmesin, Columbianetin, Dihydroxanthyletin, Seselin and Coumarin Derivatives Acetylcholinesterase Inhibiting Potency:

Single trial passive avoidance is widely used as experimental test to assess learning memory functions in rodents. Scopolamine induced impairment in passive avoidance (in vivo) and inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (in vitro) in rodents are commonly employed and screening test to predict potential of an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor as cognitive enhancer (anti-dementic) drug.

Passive Avoidance Test (In Vivo):

The study was conducted in adult Swiss male mice of 3-4 months (wt. 20-25 g) were kept in standard housing condition with 12 h light and dark cycle. The food and water were available ad libitum.

The mice were subjected to single trial passive avoidance test as described by Brioni.

The passive avoidance test was studied by a computerized shuttle box (Columbus Instruments, Ohio, USA) provided with a software program PACS 30. The shuttle box is comprised of two compartments. An automated door was used to isolate the compartments. After an exploration period of 30 s for acclimatization the animal was subjected to a trial of 270 seconds. Each mouse was placed in the bright compartment and on transfer into the dark compartment it was given an electric shock (0.5 mA for 5 s) through floor grid. The transfer of mice from the bright to dark compartment was recorded as transfer latency time (TLT) in seconds. TLT was recorded in control and treated groups (1st Trial, acquisition) and then after 24 h (2nd Trial, retention). An increase in the TLT on 2nd Trial (retention) as compared to 1st Trial (acquisition) was taken as the criterion for successful learning and memory (cognitive activity).

Scopolamine Induced Deficit (Dementia)

Scopolamine, a muscarinic antagonist known to produce impairment in cognitive functions (dementia) in human as well as in experimental animals, was used to produce deficit (no significant increase on 2nd trial) in passive avoidance learning. Scopolamine was administered 5 min prior to 1st trial. Reversal of scopolamine induced deficit i.e. significant increase in 2nd trial by test substance indicates potential anti-dementia activity. Scopolamine was administered 5 min prior to 1st trial.

Drug Administration

The test substance Columbianetin was administered orally in dose of 100 mm/kg (1% aqueous suspension in gum acacia) for 3 days. The treated animals were subjected to 1st trial after 60 min of 3rd dose of test substance. Scopolamine was administered 5 min prior to 1st trial in test group.

The control group received 1 ml/kg of vehicle (1% aqueous suspension in gum acacia) orally for 3 days. Among the control mice half (n=5) received scopolamine 5 min prior to 1st trial (Control—dementia) and the remaining half were subjected to passive avoidance test (Control—trained).

The control group showed significant increase in TLT on 2nd trial as compared to 1st trial indicating the successful learning and memory function. Mice treated with scopolamine did not show significant increase in TLT on 2nd trial as compared to 1st trial indicating the deficit in learning and memory function. In the animals pretreated with 7-Allyloxycoumarin (AP20am12), 7-Benzyloxycoumarin (AP20am13), 7-Methoxycoumarin (AP20am14), 7-Acetyloxycoumarin (AP20am15), 4-Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin (AP20am16) and 4-Methyl-7-acetyloxycoumarin (AP20am19) treatment with scopolamine failed to cause memory deficit as indicated by significant increase in TLT on 2nd trial as compared to 1st trial. See FIGS. 1a and 1b.

Table 1 shows the comparison between of AP20am samples 14, 15 and 16 (50 mg/kg, po) and Standard Drug Donepezil (10 mg/kg, po) on scopolamine induced memory deficit in passive avoidance test on basis of memory retention i.e. % increase in TLT of 2nd trial from TLT of 1st trial. The passive avoidance test is for testing learning and memory functions. Scopolamine is used to produce memory deficit in this test. Inhibition of scopolamine induced memory deficit by a test substance indicate potential of that test sample as memory enhancer. Among these compounds 7-Methoxycoumarin, 7-Acetyloxycoumarin, and 4-Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin were most effective. The prevention of scopolamine induced memory deficit suggests that 7-Methoxycoumarin, 7-Acetyloxycoumarin, and 4-Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin have potential for anti-dementia activity.

Level of p value<0.05 indicates statistically significant difference. Lowering in the p value means more significant difference suggesting very significant increase in from TLT from 1st trial.

TABLE 1 comparison data of coumarin compounds with Standard Drug Donepezil Groups % Memory retention Control trained (No scopolamine) 483 Scopolamine (Memory deficit) 33 Donepezil + Scopolamine 288 AP20am 14 + Scopolamine 295 AP20am 15 + Scopolamine 321 AP20am 16 + Scopolamine 376

Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) Assay in Brain (In Vitro)

The study was conducted in adult SD male rats (200-250 g). The rats were perfused under mild ether anesthesia through heart with ice cooled normal saline (0.9% NaCl) to reduce blood-borne cholinesterase from the brain. After perfusion the whole brain was taken out. A 10% (w/v) homogenate of brain was prepared first by homogenizing in an Ultra-Turrax T25 homogenizer at a speed of 9500 rpm thrice giving intervals for few seconds in between the runs, with sodium phosphate buffer (30 mmol/lit, pH 7.0). Sodium phosphate buffer was taken in a volume half to the final volume required for 10% homogenate.

1% Triton X-100 (1% w/v in 30 mmol/lit. sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0) is then added in a volume to make the final volume for 10% homogenate, slowly while stirring the homogenate on ice. The homogenate was centrifuged at 100,000×g at 4° C. in a Beckman Ultracentrifuge (LE 80) using a fixed angle rotor (80 Ti) for 60 min. Supernatant was collected and stored at 4° C. Aliquots of this supernatant was diluted in the ratio of 1:10 and used as a source of enzyme for the assay.

Enzyme Assay

The assay of AChE was performed according to method described by Ellman et al. A kinetic profile of the enzyme activity was studied spectrophotometrically at 412 nm at an interval of 15 s. The assay for each sample was run in duplicate and each experiment was performed thrice. The specific activity of AChE is expressed in μmoles/min/mg of protein. The test substance (dissolved in DMSO) was incubated with enzyme source in concentration of 100 μg/1 ml of reaction mixture for 30 min at 37° C. prior to obtain kinetic profile of AChE activity. The AChE inhibitory activity was calculated on the basis of % decrease change from control values.

Protein Assay

Protein was estimated in the brain samples by modified Lowry's method. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used as standard in the concentration of 1 mg/ml. was estimated in the range of 0.01-0.1 mg/ml.

Results

The results are reported in Table 2. The compounds that showed in vitro inhibition of AChE (25-49%) are (±) Marmesin, Dihydroxanthyletin, 7-Acetyloxycoumarin and 4-Methyl-7-methoxycoumarin. The compounds showed in vitro inhibition of AChE inhibition (20-25%) are 7-Methoxycoumarin, 4-Methyl-7-acetyloxycoumarin, 4-Methyl-7,8-dibenzyloxycoumarin and 4-Methyl-7,8-diacetyloxycoumarin. However, in passive avoidance test (in vivo) 7-Acetyloxycoumarin and 4-Methyl-7-methoxycoumarin were effective. The ineffectiveness of other in vitro active compounds in in vivo passive avoidance test may be due to pharmacokinetics factors like absorption and metabolism.

Statistical Analysis

Mean values and standard error (S.E.) of mean were calculated for TLT and specific activity of AChE in the different regions of brain samples of each group. The significance of difference between the values of AChE activity and TLT of two groups was determined by one-way ANOVA test that followed by Dunnett's test.

TABLE 2 In Vitro and In Vivo data of the coumarin compounds Compound InVitro %) In Vivo (±) Marmesin 23.91 Significant activity (P < 0.01) Columbianetin 13.93 No significant activity Dihydroxanthyletin 37.8 No significant activity Seselin No significant activity 7-Hydroxycoumarin No significant activity 7-Prenyloxycoumarin No significant activity 7-Hydroxy-6-prenylcoumarin 42.2 No significant activity 7-Dimethylpropargylcoumarin No significant activity 7-Dimethylalkenylcoumarin No significant activity 7-Hydroxy-8-prenylcoumarin No significant activity 7-Allyloxycoumarin Significant activity (P < 0.05) 7-Benzyloxycoumarin Significant activity (P < 0.005) 7-Methoxycoumarin 25.2 High significant activity (P < 0.0001) 7-Acetyloxycoumarin 39.13 High significant activity (P < 0.0001) 4-Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin 17.39 High significant activity (P < 0.0001) 4-Methyl-7-methoxycoumarin 48.91 No significant activity 4-Methyl-7-acetyloxycoumarin 23.91 Significant activity (P < 0.01) 4-Methyl-7,8-dihydroxycoumarin 14.13 No significant activity 4-Methyl-7,8-dibenzyloxycoumarin 24.1 No significant activity 4-Methyl-7,8-dimethoxycoumarin 14.2 No significant activity 4-Methyl-7,8-diacetyloxycoumarin 24.01 No significant activity

Advantages:

  • 1. The compounds (±) Marmesin, Columbianetin, Dihydroxanthyletin and coumarin derivatives are useful as AChE inhibitors.
  • 2. The percentage inhibition is high when compared to the earlier reported compounds.
  • 3. All the above mentioned compounds are easily extractable from the natural source and can be synthesized efficiently in the laboratory.
  • 4. Coumarin derivatives were efficiently synthesized in the laboratory.

1. A pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of compound of formula 1, analogs and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof; embedded image (i) wherein R1 and R2 is linked with each other via following moiety and collectively makes fused system, and R3 is H; embedded image (ii) wherein R1 and R3 is linked with each other via following moiety and collectively makes fused system, and R1 is H; embedded image (iii) wherein R1 and R2 is linked with each other via following moiety and collectively makes fused system, and R3 is H; embedded image (iv) wherein the value of R, R1, R2, and R3 is selected from the group consisting of: a. R=R2=R3=H; R1=OH; b. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Prenyl; c. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Allyl; d. R=R2=R3=H; R1=2,2-dimethyl alkyne; e. R=R2=R3=H; R1=2,2-dimethyl alkene; f. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Benzyl; g. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Acetyl; h. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Methyl; i. R=R1=R3=H; R2=Prenyl; j. R=R3=H; R1=R2=Prenyl; k. R=R1=R2=H; R3=Prenyl; l. R=Methyl; R1=R2=R3=H; m. R=R1=Methyl; R2=R3=H; n. R=R1=Acetyl; R2=R3=H; o. R=Methyl; R1=R3=H; R2=OH; p. R=Methyl; R1=Benzyl, R2=Benzyloxy, R3=H; q. R=Methyl; R1=Methyl, R2=Methyloxy, R3=H; and r. R=Methyl; R1=Acetyl, R2=Acetyloxy, R3=H, optionally along with the pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, or diluents, wherein the effective dose of composition is ranging between 50 to 100 mg/kg body weight. 2. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the compound of general formula I further comprising: embedded image 3. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the compound of general formula 1 further comprising: embedded image 4. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the compound of general formula 1 further comprising: embedded image 5. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the compound of general formula 1 further comprising: embedded image 6. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the compound of general formula 1 further comprising: embedded image wherein the value of R, R1, R2, and R3 is selected from the group consisting of: a. R=R2=R3=H; R1=OH; b. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Prenyl; c. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Allyl; d. R=R2=R3=H; R1=2,2-dimethyl alkyne; e. R=R2=R3=H; R1=2,2-dimethyl alkene; f. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Benzyl; g. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Acetyl; h. R=R2=R3=H; R1=Methyl; i. R=R1=R3=H; R2=Prenyl; j. R=R3=H; R1=R2=Prenyl; k. R=R1=R2=H; R3=Prenyl; l. R=Methyl; R1=R2=R3=H; m. R=R1=Methyl; R2=R3=H; n. R=R1=Acetyl; R2=R3=H; o. R=Methyl; R1=R3=H; R2=OH; p. R=Methyl; R1=Benzyl, R2=Benzyloxy, R3=H; q. R=Methyl; R1=Methyl, R2=Methyloxy, R3=H; and r. R=Methyl; R1=Acetyl, R2=Acetyloxy, R3=H. 7. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the compound used for the preparation of composition is selected from the group consisting of (±) Marmesin, Columbianetin, dihydroxanthyletin, 7-methoxy coumarin, 7-acetyloxy coumarin, 4-methyl-7-hydroxy coumarin, 7-Allyloxycoumarin, and 7-Benzyloxycoumarin. 8. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the compounds used for the preparation of composition may be from natural source or synthesized. 9. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the composition exhibit more percent memory retention than standard drug Donepezil, in scopolamine induced memory deficit mice. 10. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the composition inhibits cholinesterase up to 49%. 11. A composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the composition is administered by oral route using a carrier selected from gum acacia and Methyl cellulose. 12.-15. (canceled)


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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20120277297 A1
Publish Date
11/01/2012
Document #
13460472
File Date
04/30/2012
USPTO Class
514455
Other USPTO Classes
514457, 549289, 549282
International Class
/
Drawings
2


Acetylcholinesterase
Coumarin


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