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Intervertebral prosthetic disc

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Title: Intervertebral prosthetic disc.
Abstract: A prosthetic disc for insertion between adjacent vertebrae includes upper and lower plates, a core disposed between the plates, and at least one projection extending from at least one of the upper and lower curved surfaces of the core into at least one recess of one of the inner surfaces of the plates. The recess is oversize with respect to the projection to allow sliding movement of the plate over the core while retaining the core between the plates during such sliding movement. The projection(s) may include a rod extending through an axial hole in the core, multiple surface features of the core, or the like. ...


Browse recent Spinalmotion, Inc. patents - Mountain View, CA, US
Inventors: Malan de Villiers, Ulrich Hahnle
USPTO Applicaton #: #20120035732 - Class: 623 1716 (USPTO) - 02/09/12 - Class 623 
Prosthesis (i.e., Artificial Body Members), Parts Thereof, Or Aids And Accessories Therefor > Implantable Prosthesis >Bone >Spine Bone >Including Spinal Disc Spacer Between Adjacent Spine Bones

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The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20120035732, Intervertebral prosthetic disc.

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CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/556,658 filed Sep. 10, 2009, which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/101,664 filed Apr. 11, 2008, which application is a continuation of Ser. No. 10/855,817 filed May 26, 2004 (now U.S. Pat. No. 7,442,211), which claims the priority of U.S. Provisional Application Nos. 60/473,802 and 60/473,803, both of which were filed May 27, 2003; the full disclosures of which are hereby incorporated by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to medical devices and methods. More specifically, the invention relates to a prosthetic disc for intervertebral insertion, such as in the lumbar and cervical spine.

In the event of damage to a lumbar or cervical intervertebral disc, one possible surgical treatment is to replace the damaged disc with a disc prosthesis. Several types of intervertebral disc prostheses are currently available. For example, one type of intervertebral disc prosthesis is provided by Waldemar Link GmbH & Co under the trademark LINKED SB Charite. This prosthesis includes upper and lower prosthesis plates or shells which locate against and engage the adjacent vertebral bodies, and a low friction core between the plates. The core has upper and lower convexly curved surfaces and the plates have corresponding, concavely curved recesses which cooperate with the curved surfaces of the core. This allows the plates to slide over the core to allow required spinal movements to take place. The curved recesses in the plates are surrounded by annular ridges which locate, at the limit of sliding movement of the plates over the core, in opposing upwardly and downwardly facing, peripheral channels surrounding the curved surfaces of the core.

This type of disc configuration is described in EP 1142544A1 and EP 1250898A1, assigned to Waldemar Link GmbH & Co. A drawback of such configurations is that the provision of the peripheral ribs and channels limits the areas available for bearing and sliding contact between the plates and core, and accordingly the loads which can be transmitted by the prosthesis. As a result of the relatively small bearing areas, it is believed that at least the core will be subject to rapid wear and have a relatively short lifespan. Also, because the core is in effect merely “clamped” between the plates, this configuration does not allow for secure retention of the core. In one alternative arrangement, the curved surfaces of the core carry opposing, elongate keys that locate in elongate grooves in the plates and another alternative arrangement in which the plates have opposing elongate keys that locate in elongate grooves in the opposite curved surfaces of the core. These key and groove arrangements allow the plates to slide over the core within the limits of the length of the grooves, in one direction only. Although allowance is made for some lateral play of the keys in the grooves, very little sliding movement of the plates over the core can take place in the orthogonal vertical plane, and this is considered to be a serious drawback of this design.

Other currently available intervertebral disc prostheses have similar and/or other drawbacks. Typically, drawbacks include insufficient resistance to wear and tear, restricted range of motion and/or insufficient ability of the prosthesis to adhere to vertebral bone.

Therefore, a need exists for improved intervertebral disc prostheses. Ideally, such improved prostheses would resist wear and tear, provide a desired range of motion and adhere well to vertebral bone. At least some of these objectives will be met by the present invention.

2. Description of the Background Art

Published US patent applications 2002/0035400A1 and 2002/0128715A1 describe disc implants which comprise opposing plates with a core between them over which the plates can slide. The core receives one or more central posts, which are carried by the plates and which locate in opposite ends of a central opening in the core. Such arrangements limit the load bearing area available between the plates and core.

Other patents related to intervertebral disc prostheses include U.S. Pat. Nos.: 4,759,766; 4,863,477; 4,997,432; 5,035,716; 5,071,437; 5,370,697; 5,401,269; 5,507,816; 5,534,030; 5,556,431; 5,674,296; 5,676,702; 5,702,450; 5,824,094; 5,865,846; 5,989,291; 6,001,130; 6,022,376; 6,039,763; 6,139,579; 6,156,067; 6,162,252; 6,315,797; 6,348,071; 6,368,350; 6,416,551; 6,592,624; 6,607,558 and 6,706,068. Other patent applications related to intervertebral disc prostheses include U.S. Patent Application Publication Nos.: 2003/0009224; 2003/0074076; 2003/0191536; 2003/0208271; 2003/0135277; 2003/0199982; 2001/0016773 and 2003/0100951. Other related patents include WO 01/01893A1, EP 1344507, EP 1344506, EP 1250898, EP 1306064, EP 1344508, EP 1344493, EP 1417940, EP 1142544, and EP 0333990.

BRIEF

SUMMARY

OF THE INVENTION

In one aspect of the present invention, an intervertebral prosthetic disc for insertion between adjacent vertebrae comprises: upper and lower plates having outer surfaces locatable against the respective vertebrae and inner, curved surfaces; a core between the plates, the core having upper and lower curved surfaces complementary in shape to the inner, curved surfaces of the plates to allow the plates to slide over the core; and at least one projection extending from at least one of the upper and lower curved surfaces of the core into at least one recess of one of the inner surfaces of the plates, the recess being oversize with respect to the projection to allow sliding movement of the plate over the core while retaining the core between the plates during such sliding movement.

Some embodiments further include multiple projections extending from the upper and lower surfaces of the core. For example, the multiple projections may include two elevated rings projecting from a peripheral portion of each of the upper and lower surfaces of the core into ring-shaped recesses on the upper and lower plates. In other embodiments, the multiple projections may comprise multiple surface features projecting from a peripheral portion of each of the upper and lower surfaces of the core into multiple recesses on the upper and lower plates. In yet other embodiments, the multiple projections may comprise respective ends of an elongate, upright element extending axially through the core, the ends projecting beyond the upper and lower core surfaces. For example, the upright element may comprise a rod extending through an axial passage through the core. In some embodiments, such a rod and passage may be complementarily threaded for engagement with one another.

In some embodiments, the disc further includes at least one fin extending from each of the outer surfaces of the plates to promote attachment of the plates to the vertebrae. In some embodiments, each fin extends from its respective outer surface at a 90° angle. In other embodiments, each fin extends from its respective outer surface at an angle other than 90°. In some embodiments, each fin includes at least one hole for promoting attachment of the plates to the vertebrae. For further promoting attachment of the plates to the vertebrae some embodiments include outer surfaces of the plates that are textured. For example, in some embodiments the textured surfaces comprise multiple serrations.

The plates may have any of a number of different configurations, sizes, or the like. In one embodiment, the outer surfaces of the plates are flat. In one embodiment, lateral edge portions of the upper and lower plates are adapted to contact one another during sliding movement of the plates over the core.

In another aspect of the present invention, an intervertebral prosthetic disc for insertion between adjacent vertebrae comprises: upper and lower plates having outer surfaces locatable against the respective vertebrae and inner, curved surfaces, at least one of the inner surfaces having at least one recess; a core between the plates, the core having upper and lower curved surfaces complementary in shape to the inner, curved surfaces of the plates to allow the plates to slide over the core, and an axial passage extending through the core; and a rod extending through the axial passage into the at least one recess in the inner surface(s) of the plate(s). The recess are oversize with respect to the projection to allow sliding movement of the plate over the core while retaining the core between the plates during such sliding movement.

Optionally, the rod and passage may be complementarily threaded for engagement with one another. In some embodiments, the rod is movably engaged with a first oversized recess on the upper plate and a second oversized recess on the lower plate. In various embodiments, the plates and core may have any of the features or characteristics described above.

In another aspect of the invention, an intervertebral prosthetic disc for insertion between adjacent vertebrae includes: upper and lower plates having outer surfaces locatable against the respective vertebrae and inner, curved surfaces; a core between the plates, the core having upper and lower curved surfaces complementary in shape to the inner, curved surfaces of the plates to allow the plates to slide over the core; and a flexible tie member extending laterally through the core and having ends outside the core which are engaged with one or both of the plates to retain the core between the plates when the plates slide over the core. The flexible tie member, for example, may extend through a lateral passage through the core and may include ends engaged with at least one of the upper and lower plates. In some embodiments, the flexible tie member comprises a flexible cable or cord.

In yet another example of the present invention, an intervertebral prosthetic disc for insertion between adjacent vertebrae comprises: upper and lower plates having textured outer surfaces locatable against the respective vertebrae, each of the outer surfaces having at least one vertical fin and an edge portion adapted to contact a corresponding edge portion of the other plate, and inner, curved surfaces; and a core between the plates, the core having upper and lower curved surfaces complementary in shape to the inner, curved surfaces of the plates to allow the plates to slide over the core. The curved surfaces of the plates and core include formations which cooperate with one another to retain the core between the plates when the plates slide over the core. The formations include recesses and projections received by the recesses, and the recesses and projections are located between a central axis of the relevant curved surface and an outer periphery thereof.

In some embodiments, for example, the projections may comprise two elevated rings projecting from a peripheral portion of each of the upper and lower surfaces of the core into ring-shaped recesses on the upper and lower plates. In other embodiments, the projections may comprise multiple surface features projecting from a peripheral portion of each of the upper and lower surfaces of the core into multiple recesses on the upper and lower plates. Again, the plates and core may include any of the features described above.

These and other aspects and embodiments are described more fully below with reference to the drawing figures.



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Intervertebral disc prosthesis
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Minimally-invasive retroperitoneal lateral approach for spinal surgery
Industry Class:
Prosthesis (i.e., artificial body members), parts thereof, or aids and accessories therefor
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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20120035732 A1
Publish Date
02/09/2012
Document #
13274111
File Date
10/14/2011
USPTO Class
623 1716
Other USPTO Classes
International Class
61F2/44
Drawings
7



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