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Phenylalkylcarboxylic acid delivery agents

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Title: Phenylalkylcarboxylic acid delivery agents.
Abstract: The present invention provides phenylalkylcarboxylic acid compounds and compositions containing such compounds which facilitate the delivery of biologically active agents. ...


Browse recent Emisphere Technologies, Inc. C/o Blank Rome LLP patents - Philadelphia, PA, US
Inventors: David Gschneidner, Stephen V. Pusztay
USPTO Applicaton #: #20110046050 - Class: 514 59 (USPTO) - 02/24/11 - Class 514 


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The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20110046050, Phenylalkylcarboxylic acid delivery agents.

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FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates phenylalkylcarboxylic acid compounds and compositions which facilitate the delivery of active agents.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Conventional means for delivering active agents are often severely limited by biological, chemical and physical barriers. Typically, these barriers are imposed by the environment through which delivery occurs, the environment of the target for delivery, and/or the target itself. Biologically and chemically active agents are particularly vulnerable to such barriers.

In the delivery to animals of biologically active and chemically active pharmacological and therapeutic agents, barriers are imposed by the body. Examples of physical barriers are the skin, lipid bi-layers and various organ membranes that are relatively impermeable to certain active agents but must be traversed before reaching a target, such as the circulatory system. Chemical barriers include, but are not limited to, pH variations in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and degrading enzymes.

These barriers are of particular significance in the design of oral delivery systems. Oral delivery of many biologically or chemically active agents would be the route of choice for administration to animals if not for biological, chemical, and physical barriers. Among the numerous agents which are not typically amenable to oral administration are biologically or chemically active peptides, such as calcitonin and insulin; polysaccharides, and in particular mucopolysaccharides including, but not limited to, heparin; heparinoids; antibiotics; and other organic substances. These agents may be rapidly rendered ineffective or destroyed in the gastro-intestinal tract by acid hydrolysis, enzymes, and the like. In addition, the size and structure of macromolecular drugs may prohibit absorption.

Earlier methods for orally administering vulnerable pharmacological agents have relied on the co-administration of adjuvants (e.g., resorcinols and non-ionic surfactants such as polyoxyethylene oleyl ether and n-hexadecylpolyethylene ether) to increase artificially the permeability of the intestinal walls, as well as the co-administration of enzymatic inhibitors (e.g., pancreatic trypsin inhibitors, diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFF) and trasylol) to inhibit enzymatic degradation. Liposomes have also been described as drug delivery systems for insulin and heparin. However, broad spectrum use of such drug delivery systems is precluded because: (1) the systems require toxic amounts of adjuvants or inhibitors; (2) suitable low molecular weight cargos, i.e. active agents, are not available; (3) the systems exhibit poor stability and inadequate shelf life; (4) the systems are difficult to manufacture; (5) the systems fail to protect the active agent (cargo); (6) the systems adversely alter the active agent; or (7) the systems fail to allow or promote absorption of the active agent.

Proteinoid microspheres have been used to deliver pharmaceuticals. See, for example, U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,401,516; 5,443,841; and Re. 35,862. In addition, certain modified amino acids have been used to deliver pharmaceuticals. See, for example, U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,629,020; 5,643,957; 5,766,633; 5,776,888; and 5,866,536.

More recently, a polymer has been conjugated to a modified amino acid or a derivative thereof via a linkage group to provide for polymeric delivery agents. The modified polymer may be any polymer, but preferred polymers include, but are not limited to, polyethylene glycol (PEG), and derivatives thereof. See, for example, International Patent Publication No. WO 00/40203.

However, there is still a need for simple, inexpensive delivery systems which are easily prepared and which can deliver a broad range of active agents by various routes.

SUMMARY

OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides phenylalkylcarboxylic acid compounds and compositions which facilitate the delivery of active agents (e.g. biologically active agents). Delivery agent compounds of the present invention include those having the formula:

and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein n is 1-12, and R1-R5 are independently hydrogen, C1-C6 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, halogen, C1-C4 alkyloxy, hydroxyl, C6-C14 aryloxy, or C1-C6 alkylhalo (e.g. C1 alkylhalo) group.

According to one embodiment, n ranges from 1 to 9. For example, n may be 1-9, 2-9, 3-9, 4-9, 5-9, 6-9, 7-9, 8-9, 1-8, 2-8, 3-8, 4-8, 5-8, 6-8, 7-8, 1-7, 2-7, 3-7, 4-7, 5-7, 6-7, 1-6, 2-6, 3-6, 4-6, 5-6, 1-5, 2-5, 3-5, 4-5, 1-4, 2-4, 3-4, 1-3, 2-3 or 1-2.

According to another embodiment, at least one of R1 to R5 is methyl, methoxy, hydroxy or halogen group (e.g., Cl or F).

Mixtures of these delivery agent compounds may also be used.

The invention also provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising at least one delivery agent compound of the present invention, and at least one active agent (e.g. a biologically active agent). When administered with an active agent, delivery agents of the present application improve the bioavailability of the active agent compared to administration of the active agent without the delivery agent compound.

Also provided is a dosage unit form comprising a pharmaceutical composition of the present invention. The dosage unit form may be in the form of a liquid or a solid, such as a tablet, capsule or particle, including a powder or sachet.

Another embodiment is a method for administering an active agent to an animal, particularly an animal in need of the active agent, by administering a pharmaceutical composition comprising at least one of delivery agent compound of the present invention and the active agent to the animal. Preferred routes of administration include the oral and intracolonic routes, particularly the oral route.



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Previous Patent Application:
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Industry Class:
Drug, bio-affecting and body treating compositions
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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20110046050 A1
Publish Date
02/24/2011
Document #
12522464
File Date
02/08/2008
USPTO Class
514/59
Other USPTO Classes
514/11, 514/97, 514 54, 514 23, 562496, 562471
International Class
/
Drawings
0



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