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Optimized cd40 antibodies and methods of using the same

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Title: Optimized cd40 antibodies and methods of using the same.
Abstract: The present invention describes humanized antibodies that target CD40, wherein the antibodies comprise at least one modification relative to a parent antibody, wherein the modification alters affinity to an FcγR or alters effector function as compared to the parent antibody. Also disclosed are methods of using the antibodies of the invention. ...


USPTO Applicaton #: #20110027276 - Class: 4241331 (USPTO) - 02/03/11 - Class 424 
Drug, Bio-affecting And Body Treating Compositions > Immunoglobulin, Antiserum, Antibody, Or Antibody Fragment, Except Conjugate Or Complex Of The Same With Nonimmunoglobulin Material >Structurally-modified Antibody, Immunoglobulin, Or Fragment Thereof (e.g., Chimeric, Humanized, Cdr-grafted, Mutated, Etc.)

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The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20110027276, Optimized cd40 antibodies and methods of using the same.

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CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This patent application claims priority to U.S. provisional application No. 61/062,172, filed on Jan. 23, 2008, and entitled “Optimized CD40 Antibodies and Methods of Using the Same”, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to optimized proteins that target CD40, and their application, particularly for therapeutic purposes.

BACKGROUND

B cells: B cells are lymphocytes that play a large role in the humoral immune response. They are produced in the bone marrow of most mammals, and represent 5-15% of the circulating lymphoid pool. The principal function of B cells is to make antibodies against various antigens, and are an essential component of the adaptive immune system.

The human body makes millions of different types of B cells each day that circulate in the blood and lymph performing the role of immune surveillence. B cells, also referred to as B lymphocytes, do not produce antibodies until they become fully activated. Each B cell has a unique receptor protein (referred to as the B cell receptor (BCR)) on its surface that will bind to one particular antigen. The BCR is a membrane-bound immunoglobulin, and it is this molecule that allows the distinction of B cells from other types of lymphocytes, as well as being the main receptor involved in B-cell activation. Once a B cell encounters its cognate antigen and receives an additional signal from a T helper cell, it can further differentiate into the various types of B cells listed below. The B cell may either become one of these cell types directly or it may undergo an intermediate differentiation step, the germinal center reaction, where the B cell will hypermutate the variable region of its immunoglobulin gene and possibly undergo class switching.

B-cell development occurs through several stages, each stage representing a change in the genome content at the antibody loci. The stages of B-cell development include Progenitor B cells, Early Pro-B cells, Late Pro-B cells, Large Pre-B cells, Small Pre-B cells, Immature B cells, and Mature B cells.

Mature B Cells Can be Divided into Four Major Types:

B-1 cells express CD5, a marker usually found on T cells. B-1 cells also express IgM in greater quantities than IgG. They secrete natural low affinity polyreactive antibodies found in the serum and often have specificities directed toward self-antigens, and common bacterial polysaccharides. B-1 cells are present in low numbers in the lymph nodes and spleen and are instead found predominantly in the peritoneal and pleural cavities. B-2 cells are the conventional B cells to which most texts refer. They reside in bone marrow, spleen, and lymph nodes. They are short-lived, and when triggered by antigens may differentiate into IgG-producing memory B cells. In the course of these antibody responses IgG may undergo substantial affinity maturation.

Plasma B cells (also known as plasma cells) are large B cells that have been exposed to antigen and produce and secrete large amounts of antibodies, which assist in the destruction of microbes by binding and facilitating targeting by phagocytes, as well as activation of the complement system. Plasma cells are sometimes referred to as antibody factories.

Memory B cells are formed from activated B cells that are specific to the antigen encountered during the primary immune response. These cells live for a long time, and can respond quickly following a second exposure to the same antigen.

When a B cell fails in any step of the maturation process, it will die by a mechanism called apoptosis. If it recognizes self-antigen during the maturation process, the B cell will become suppressed (known as anergy) or undergo apoptosis. B cells are continuously produced in the bone marrow, but only a small portion of newly made B cells survive to participate in the long-lived peripheral B-cell pool.

In recent years, data have emerged suggesting that B lymphocytes play a broader role in immune responses and are not merely the passive recipients of signals that result in differentiation into antibody-producing plasma cells. Along with their traditional roles as antigen presenting cells and precursors of antibody-producing plasma cells, B cells have also been found to regulate antigen presenting cells (APCs) and T-cell functions, produce cytokines, and express receptor/ligand pairs that previously had been thought to be restricted to other cell types. Described herein are novel antibodies that have been optimized against B cells and methos of using them.

SUMMARY

OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to antibodies and methods of using the same. In certain aspects, the antibodies include a variant Fc region. In further embodiments, the antibodies are humanized. The present invention is further directed to methods of using the antibodies in various disease indications.

In one aspect, the present invention is directed to an antibody that binds CD40, wherein said antibody comprises at least one modification in the constant region relative to a parent antibody. In one embodiment, the antibody of the invention binds with altered affinity to an Fc receptor or alters effector function as compared to the parent antibody.

In certain aspects, the modification is an amino acid. The modification can be at a position selected from the group consisting of 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 249, 255, 258, 260, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 288, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 313, 317, 318, 320, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, and 337, wherein numbering is according to the EU index. The amino acid modification can be a substitution selected from the group consisting of 221K, 221Y, 222E, 222Y, 223E, 223K, 224E, 224Y, 225E, 225K, 225W, 227E, 227G, 227K, 227Y, 228E, 228G, 228K, 228Y, 230A, 230E, 230G, 230Y, 231E, 231G, 231K, 231P, 231Y, 232E, 232G, 232K, 232Y, 233A, 233D, 233F, 233G, 233H, 233I, 233K, 233L, 233M, 233N, 233Q, 233R, 233S, 233T, 233V, 233W, 233Y, 234A, 234D, 234E, 234F, 234G, 234H, 234I, 234K, 234M, 234N, 234P, 234Q, 234R, 234S, 234T, 234V, 234W, 234Y, 235A, 235D, 235E, 235F, 235G, 235H, 235I, 235K, 235M, 235N, 235P, 235Q, 235R, 235S, 235T, 235V, 235W, 235Y, 236A, 236D, 236E, 236F, 236H, 236I, 236K, 236L, 236M, 236N, 236P, 236Q, 236R, 236S, 236T, 236V, 236W, 236Y, 237D, 237E, 237F, 237H, 237I, 237K, 237L, 237M, 237N, 237P, 237Q, 237R, 237S, 237T, 237V, 237W, 237Y, 238D, 238E, 238F, 238G, 238H, 238I, 238K, 238L, 238M, 238N, 238Q, 238R, 238S, 238T, 238V, 238W, 238Y, 239D, 239E, 239F, 239G, 239H, 239I, 239K, 239L, 239M, 239N, 239P, 239Q, 239R, 239T, 239V, 239W, 239Y, 240A, 240I, 240M, 240T, 241D, 241E, 241L, 241R, 241S, 241W, 241Y, 243E, 243H, 243L, 243Q, 243R, 243W, 243Y, 244H, 245A, 246D, 246E, 246H, 246Y, 247G, 247V, 249H, 249Q, 249Y, 255E, 255Y, 258H, 258S, 258Y, 260D, 260E, 260H, 260Y, 262A, 262E, 262F, 262I, 262T, 263A, 263I, 263M, 263T, 264A, 264D, 264E, 264F, 264G, 264H, 264I, 264K, 264L, 264M, 264N, 264P, 264Q, 264R, 264S, 264T, 264W, 264Y, 265F, 265G, 265H, 265I, 265K, 265L, 265M, 265N, 265P, 265Q, 265R, 265S, 265T, 265V, 265W, 265Y, 266A, 266I, 266M, 266T, 267D, 267E, 267F, 267H, 267I, 267K, 267L, 267M, 267N, 267P, 267Q, 267R, 267T, 267V, 267W, 267Y, 268D, 268E, 268F, 268G, 268I, 268K, 268L, 268M, 268P, 268Q, 268R, 268T, 268V, 268W, 269F, 269G, 269H, 269I, 269K, 269L, 269M, 269N, 269P, 269R, 269S, 269T, 269V, 269W, 269Y, 270F, 270G, 270H, 270I, 270L, 270M, 270P, 270Q, 270R, 270S, 270T, 270W, 270Y, 271A, 271D, 271E, 271F, 271G, 271H, 271I, 271K, 271L, 271M, 271N, 271Q, 271R, 271S, 271T, 271V, 271W, 271Y, 272D, 272F, 272G, 272H, 272I, 272K, 272L, 272M, 272P, 272R, 272S, 272T, 272V, 272W, 272Y, 273I, 274D, 274E, 274F, 274G, 274H, 274I, 274L, 274M, 274N, 274P, 274R, 274T, 274V, 274W, 274Y, 275L, 275W, 276D, 276E, 276F, 276G, 276H, 276I, 276L, 276M, 276P, 276R, 276S, 276T, 276V, 276W, 276Y, 278D, 278E, 278G, 278H, 278I, 278K, 278L, 278M, 278N, 278P, 278Q, 278R, 278S, 278T, 278V, 278W, 280G, 280K, 280L, 280P, 280W, 281D, 281E, 281K, 281N, 281P, 281Q, 281Y, 282E, 282G, 282K, 282P, 282Y, 283G, 283H, 283K, 283L, 283P, 283R, 283Y, 284D, 284E, 284L, 284N, 284Q, 284T, 284Y, 285D, 285E, 285K, 285Q, 285W, 285Y, 286E, 286G, 286P, 286Y, 288D, 288E, 288Y, 290D, 290H, 290L, 290N, 290W, 291D, 291E, 291G, 291H, 291I, 291Q, 291T, 292D, 292E, 292T, 292Y, 293F, 293G, 293H, 293I, 293L, 293M, 293N, 293P, 293R, 293S, 293T, 293V, 293W, 293Y, 294F, 294G, 294H, 294I, 294K, 294L, 294M, 294P, 294R, 294S, 294T, 294V, 294W, 294Y, 295D, 295E, 295F, 295G, 295H, 295I, 295M, 295N, 295P, 295R, 295S, 295T, 295V, 295W, 295Y, 296A, 296D, 296E, 296G, 296H, 296I, 296K, 296L, 296M, 296N, 296Q, 296R, 296S, 296T, 296V, 297D, 297E, 297F, 297G, 297H, 297I, 297K, 297L, 297M, 297P, 297Q, 297R, 297S, 297T, 297V, 297W, 297Y, 298A, 298D, 298E, 298F, 298H, 298I, 298K, 298M, 298N, 298Q, 298R, 298T, 298W, 298Y, 299A, 299D, 299E, 299F, 299G, 299H, 299I, 299K, 299L, 299M, 299N, 299P, 299Q, 299R, 299S, 299V, 299W, 299Y, 300A, 300D, 300E, 300G, 300H, 300K, 300M, 300N, 300P, 300Q, 300R, 300S, 300T, 300V, 300W, 301D, 301E, 301H, 301Y, 302I, 303D, 303E, 303Y, 304D, 304H, 304L, 304N, 304T, 305E, 305T, 305Y, 313F, 317E, 317Q, 318H, 318L, 318Q, 318R, 318Y, 320D, 320F, 320G, 320H, 320I, 320L, 320N, 320P, 320S, 320T, 320V, 320W, 320Y, 322D, 322F, 322G, 322H, 322I, 322P, 322S, 322T, 322V, 322W, 322Y, 323I, 324D, 324F, 324G, 324H, 324I, 324L, 324M, 324P, 324R, 324T, 324V, 324W, 324Y, 325A, 325D, 325E, 325F, 325G, 325H, 325I, 325K, 325L, 325M, 325P, 325Q, 325R, 325S, 325T, 325V, 325W, 325Y, 326E, 326I, 326L, 326P, 326T, 327D, 327E, 327F, 327H, 327I, 327K, 327L, 327M, 327N, 327P, 327R, 327S, 327T, 327V, 327W, 327Y, 328A, 328D, 328E, 328F, 328G, 328H, 328I, 328K, 328M, 328N, 328P, 328Q, 328R, 328S, 328T, 328V, 328W, 328Y, 329D, 329E, 329F, 329G, 329H, 329I, 329K, 329L, 329M, 329N, 329Q, 329R, 329S, 329T, 329V, 329W, 329Y, 330E, 330F, 330G, 330H, 330I, 330L, 330M, 330N, 330P, 330R, 330S, 330T, 330V, 330W, 330Y, 331D, 331F, 331H, 331I, 331L, 331M, 331Q, 331R, 331T, 331V, 331W, 331Y, 332A, 332D, 332E, 332F, 332H, 332K, 332L, 332M, 332N, 332P, 332Q, 332R, 332S, 332T, 332V, 332W, 332Y, 333A, 333F, 333H, 333I, 333L, 333M, 333P, 333T, 333Y, 334A, 334F, 334I, 334L, 334P, 334T, 335D, 335F, 335G, 335H, 335I, 335L, 335M, 335N, 335P, 335R, 335S, 335V, 335W, 335Y, 336E, 336K, 336Y, 337E, 337H, and 337N, wherein numbering is according to the EU index.

In further aspects, the amino acid modification can be at a position selected from the group consisting of 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 243, 245, 246, 247, 249, 255, 258, 260, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 288, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 313, 317, 318, 320, 322, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, and 337. In additional aspects, the substitution can be selected from the group consisting of 221K, 222Y, 223E, 223K, 224E, 224Y, 225E, 225W, 227E, 227G, 227K, 227Y, 228E, 228G, 228K, 228Y, 230A, 230E, 230G, 230Y, 231E, 231G, 231K, 231P, 231Y, 232E, 232G, 232K, 232Y, 233A, 233F, 233H, 233I, 233K, 233L, 233M, 233N, 233Q, 233R, 233S, 233T, 233V, 233W, 233Y, 234D, 234E, 234F, 234G, 234H, 234I, 234K, 234M, 234N, 234P, 234Q, 234R, 234S, 234T, 234W, 234Y, 235D, 235F, 235G, 235H, 235I, 235K, 235M, 235N, 235Q, 235R, 235S, 235T, 235V, 235W, 235Y, 236D, 236E, 236F, 236H, 236I, 236K, 236L, 236M, 236N, 236P, 236Q, 236R, 236S, 236T, 236V, 236W, 236Y, 237D, 237E, 237F, 237H, 237I, 237K, 237L, 237M, 237N, 237P, 237Q, 237R, 237S, 237T, 237V, 237W, 237Y, 238D, 238E, 238F, 238G, 238H, 238I, 238K, 238L, 238M, 238N, 238Q, 238R, 238S, 238T, 238V, 238W, 238Y, 239D, 239E, 239F, 239G, 239H, 239I, 239K, 239L, 239M, 239N, 239P, 239Q, 239R, 239T, 239V, 239W, 239Y, 240M, 240T, 241D, 241E, 241R, 241S, 241W, 241Y, 243E, 243H, 243Q, 243R, 243W, 243Y, 245A, 246D, 246H, 246Y, 247G, 247V, 249H, 249Q, 249Y, 255E, 255Y, 258H, 258S, 258Y, 260D, 260E, 260H, 260Y, 262A, 262E, 262F, 262I, 262T, 263A, 263I, 263M, 263T, 264D, 264E, 264F, 264G, 264H, 264I, 264K, 264L, 264M, 264N, 264P, 264Q, 264R, 264S, 264T, 264W, 264Y, 265F, 265G, 265H, 265I, 265K, 265L, 265M, 265P, 265Q, 265R, 265S, 265T, 265V, 265W, 265Y, 266A, 266I, 266M, 266T, 267D, 267E, 267F, 267H, 267I, 267K, 267L, 267M, 267N, 267P, 267Q, 267R, 267V, 267W, 267Y, 268F, 268G, 268I, 268M, 268P, 268T, 268V, 268W, 269F, 269G, 269H, 269I, 269L, 269M, 269N, 269P, 269R, 269S, 269T, 269V, 269W, 269Y, 270F, 270G, 270H, 270I, 270L, 270M, 270P, 270Q, 270R, 270S, 270T, 270W, 270Y, 271A, 271D, 271E, 271F, 271G, 271H, 271I, 271K, 271L, 271M, 271N, 271Q, 271R, 271S, 271T, 271V, 271W, 271Y, 272F, 272G, 272H, 272I, 272K, 272L, 272M, 272P, 272R, 272S, 272T, 272V, 272W, 272Y, 274D, 274E, 274F, 274G, 274H, 274I, 274L, 274M, 274P, 274R, 274T, 274V, 274W, 274Y, 275W, 276D, 276E, 276F, 276G, 276H, 276I, 276L, 276M, 276P, 276R, 276S, 276T, 276V, 276W, 278D, 278E, 278G, 278H, 278I, 278K, 278L, 278M, 278N, 278P, 278Q, 278R, 278S, 278T, 278V, 278W, 280G, 280P, 280W, 281E, 281K, 281N, 281P, 281Y, 282G, 282P, 282Y, 283G, 283H, 283K, 283L, 283P, 283R, 283Y, 284L, 284N, 284Q, 284T, 284Y, 285K, 285Q, 285W, 285Y, 286G, 286P, 286Y, 288Y, 290H, 290L, 290W, 291D, 291E, 291G, 291H, 291I, 291Q, 291T, 292D, 292E, 292T, 292Y, 293F, 293G, 293H, 293I, 293L, 293M, 293N, 293P, 293R, 293S, 293T, 293W, 293Y, 294F, 294G, 294H, 294I, 294K, 294L, 294M, 294P, 294R, 294S, 294T, 294V, 294W, 294Y, 295D, 295F, 295G, 295H, 295I, 295M, 295N, 295P, 295R, 295S, 295T, 295V, 295W, 295Y, 296A, 296D, 296E, 296G, 296I, 296K, 296L, 296M, 296N, 296Q, 296R, 296S, 296T, 296V, 297D, 297E, 297F, 297G, 297H, 291I, 297K, 297L, 297M, 297P, 297R, 297S, 297T, 297V, 297W, 297Y, 298E, 298F, 298H, 298I, 298K, 298M, 298Q, 298R, 298W, 298Y, 299A, 299D, 299E, 299F, 299G, 299H, 299I, 299K, 299L, 299M, 299N, 299P, 299Q, 299R, 299S, 299V, 299W, 299Y, 300A, 300D, 300E, 300G, 300H, 300K, 300M, 300N, 300P, 300Q, 300R, 300S, 300T, 300V, 300W, 301D, 301E, 301Y, 302I, 303D, 303E, 303Y, 304H, 304L, 304N, 304T, 305E, 305T, 305Y, 313F, 317E, 317Q, 318H, 318L, 318Q, 318R, 318Y, 320D, 320F, 320G, 320H, 320I, 320L, 320N, 320P, 320S, 320T, 320V, 320W, 320Y, 322D, 322F, 322G, 322H, 322I, 322P, 322S, 322T, 322V, 322W, 322Y, 324D, 324F, 324G, 324H, 324I, 324L, 324M, 324P, 324R, 324T, 324V, 324W, 324Y, 325A, 325D, 325E, 325F, 325G, 325H, 325I, 325K, 325L, 325M, 325P, 325Q, 325R, 325S, 325T, 325V, 325W, 325Y, 326L, 326P, 326T, 327D, 327E, 327F, 327H, 327I, 327K, 327L, 327M, 327P, 327R, 327V, 327W, 327Y, 328A, 328D, 328E, 328F, 328G, 328H, 328K, 328M, 328N, 328P, 328Q, 328R, 328S, 328T, 328V, 328W, 328Y, 329D, 329E, 329F, 329G, 329H, 329I, 329K, 329L, 329M, 329N, 329Q, 329R, 329S, 329T, 329V, 329W, 329Y, 330E, 330F, 330H, 330I, 330L, 330M, 330N, 330P, 330W, 330Y, 331D, 331F, 331H, 331I, 331L, 331M, 331Q, 331R, 331T, 331V, 331W, 331Y, 332A, 332F, 332H, 332L, 332M, 332N, 332P, 332Q, 332S, 332T, 332V, 332W, 332Y, 333F, 333H, 333I, 333L, 333M, 333P, 333T, 333Y, 334F, 334P, 334T, 335D, 335F, 335G, 335H, 335I, 335L, 335M, 335P, 335R, 335S, 335V, 335W, 335Y, 336E, 336K, 336Y, 337H, and 337N.

In further aspects, the modification is at a position selected from the group consisting of 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 228, 230, 231, 232, 240, 244, 245, 247, 262, 263, 266, 271, 273, 275, 281, 284, 291, 299, 302, 304, 313, 323, 325, 328, 332, 336, wherein the positional numbering is according to the EU index. In additional aspects, the modification is selected from the group consisting of 221K, 221Y, 222E, 222Y, 223E, 223K, 224E, 224Y, 225E, 225K, 225W, 228E, 228G, 228K, 228Y, 230A, 230E, 230G, 230Y, 231E, 231G, 231K, 231P, 231Y, 232E, 232G, 232K, 232Y, 240A, 240I, 240M, 240T, 244H, 245A, 247G, 247V, 262A, 262E, 262F, 262I, 262T, 263A, 263I, 263M, 263T, 266A, 266I, 266M, 266T, 271A, 271D, 271E, 271F, 271G, 271H, 271I, 271K, 271L, 271M, 271N, 271Q, 271R, 271S, 271T, 271V, 271W, 271Y, 273I, 275L, 275W, 281D, 281E, 281K, 281N, 281P, 281Q, 281Y, 284D, 284E, 284L, 284N, 284Q, 284T, 284Y, 291D, 291E, 291G, 291H, 291I, 291Q, 291T, 299A, 299D, 299E, 299F, 299G, 299H, 299I, 299K, 299L, 299M, 299N, 299P, 299Q, 299R, 299S, 299V, 299W, 299Y, 304D, 304H, 304L, 304N, 304T, 313F, 323I, 325A, 325D, 325E, 325F, 325G, 325H, 325I, 325K, 325L, 325M, 325P, 325Q, 325R, 325S, 325T, 325V, 325W, 325Y, 328A, 328D, 328E, 328F, 328G, 328H, 328I, 328K, 328M, 328N, 328P, 328Q, 328R, 328S, 328T, 328V, 328W, 328Y, 332A, 332D, 332E, 332F, 332H, 332K, 332L, 332M, 332N, 332P, 332Q, 332R, 332S, 332T, 332V, 332W, 332Y, 336E, 336K, and 336Y.

The antibody can further include a second amino acid modification at a position selected from the group consisting of 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 249, 255, 258, 260, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 288, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 313, 317, 318, 320, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, and 337, wherein numbering is according to the EU index. The second amino acid modification can be a substitution selected from the group consisting of 221K, 221Y, 222E, 222Y, 223E, 223K, 224E, 224Y, 225E, 225K, 225W, 227E, 227G, 227K, 227Y, 228E, 228G, 228K, 228Y, 230A, 230E, 230G, 230Y, 231E, 231G, 231K, 231P, 231Y, 232E, 232G, 232K, 232Y, 233A, 233D, 233F, 233G, 233H, 233I, 233K, 233L, 233M, 233N, 233Q, 233R, 233S, 233T, 233V, 233W, 233Y, 234A, 234D, 234E, 234F, 234G, 234H, 234I, 234K, 234M, 234N, 234P, 234Q, 234R, 234S, 234T, 234V, 234W, 234Y, 235A, 235D, 235E, 235F, 235G, 235H, 235I, 235K, 235M, 235N, 235P, 235Q, 235R, 235S, 235T, 235V, 235W, 235Y, 236A, 236D, 236E, 236F, 236H, 236I, 236K, 236L, 236M, 236N, 236P, 236Q, 236R, 236S, 236T, 236V, 236W, 236Y, 237D, 237E, 237F, 237H, 237I, 237K, 237L, 237M, 237N, 237P, 237Q, 237R, 237S, 237T, 237V, 237W, 237Y, 238D, 238E, 238F, 238G, 238H, 238I, 238K, 238L, 238M, 238N, 238Q, 238R, 238S, 238T, 238V, 238W, 238Y, 239D, 239E, 239F, 239G, 239H, 239I, 239K, 239L, 239M, 239N, 239P, 239Q, 239R, 239T, 239V, 239W, 239Y, 240A, 240I, 240M, 240T, 241D, 241E, 241L, 241R, 241S, 241W, 241Y, 243E, 243H, 243L, 243Q, 243R, 243W, 243Y, 244H, 245A, 246D, 246E, 246H, 246Y, 247G, 247V, 249H, 249Q, 249Y, 255E, 255Y, 258H, 258S, 258Y, 260D, 260E, 260H, 260Y, 262A, 262E, 262F, 262I, 262T, 263A, 263I, 263M, 263T, 264A, 264D, 264E, 264F, 264G, 264H, 264I, 264K, 264L, 264M, 264N, 264P, 264Q, 264R, 264S, 264T, 264W, 264Y, 265F, 265G, 265H, 265I, 265K, 265L, 265M, 265N, 265P, 265Q, 265R, 265S, 265T, 265V, 265W, 265Y, 266A, 266I, 266M, 266T, 267D, 267E, 267F, 267H, 267I, 267K, 267L, 267M, 267N, 267P, 267Q, 267R, 267T, 267V, 267W, 267Y, 268D, 268E, 268F, 268G, 268I, 268K, 268L, 268M, 268P, 268Q, 268R, 268T, 268V, 268W, 269F, 269G, 269H, 269I, 269K, 269L, 269M, 269N, 269P, 269R, 269S, 269T, 269V, 269W, 269Y, 270F, 270G, 270H, 270I, 270L, 270M, 270P, 270Q, 270R, 270S, 270T, 270W, 270Y, 271A, 271D, 271E, 271F, 271G, 271H, 271I, 271K, 271L, 271M, 271N, 271Q, 271R, 271S, 271T, 271V, 271W, 271Y, 272D, 272F, 272G, 272H, 272I, 272K, 272L, 272M, 272P, 272R, 272S, 272T, 272V, 272W, 272Y, 273I, 274D, 274E, 274F, 274G, 274H, 274I, 274L, 274M, 274N, 274P, 274R, 274T, 274V, 274W, 274Y, 275L, 275W, 276D, 276E, 276F, 276G, 276H, 276I, 276L, 276M, 276P, 276R, 276S, 276T, 276V, 276W, 276Y, 278D, 278E, 278G, 278H, 278I, 278K, 278L, 278M, 278N, 278P, 278Q, 278R, 278S, 278T, 278V, 278W, 280G, 280K, 280L, 280P, 280W, 281D, 281E, 281K, 281N, 281P, 281Q, 281Y, 282E, 282G, 282K, 282P, 282Y, 283G, 283H, 283K, 283L, 283P, 283R, 283Y, 284D, 284E, 284L, 284N, 284Q, 284T, 284Y, 285D, 285E, 285K, 285Q, 285W, 285Y, 286E, 286G, 286P, 286Y, 288D, 288E, 288Y, 290D, 290H, 290L, 290N, 290W, 291D, 291E, 291G, 291H, 291I, 291Q, 291T, 292D, 292E, 292T, 292Y, 293F, 293G, 293H, 293I, 293L, 293M, 293N, 293P, 293R, 293S, 293T, 293V, 293W, 293Y, 294F, 294G, 294H, 294I, 294K, 294L, 294M, 294P, 294R, 294S, 294T, 294V, 294W, 294Y, 295D, 295E, 295F, 295G, 295H, 295I, 295M, 295N, 295P, 295R, 295S, 295T, 295V, 295W, 295Y, 296A, 296D, 296E, 296G, 296H, 296I, 296K, 296L, 296M, 296N, 296Q, 296R, 296S, 296T, 296V, 297D, 297E, 297F, 297G, 297H, 297I, 297K, 297L, 297M, 297P, 297Q, 297R, 297S, 297T, 297V, 297W, 297Y, 298A, 298D, 298E, 298F, 298H, 298I, 298K, 298M, 298N, 298Q, 298R, 298T, 298W, 298Y, 299A, 299D, 299E, 299F, 299G, 299H, 299I, 299K, 299L, 299M, 299N, 299P, 299Q, 299R, 299S, 299V, 299W, 299Y, 300A, 300D, 300E, 300G, 300H, 300K, 300M, 300N, 300P, 300Q, 300R, 300S, 300T, 300V, 300W, 301D, 301E, 301H, 301Y, 302I, 303D, 303E, 303Y, 304D, 304H, 304L, 304N, 304T, 305E, 305T, 305Y, 313F, 317E, 317Q, 318H, 318L, 318Q, 318R, 318Y, 320D, 320F, 320G, 320H, 320I, 320L, 320N, 320P, 320S, 320T, 320V, 320W, 320Y, 322D, 322F, 322G, 322H, 322I, 322P, 322S, 322T, 322V, 322W, 322Y, 323I, 324D, 324F, 324G, 324H, 324I, 324L, 324M, 324P, 324R, 324T, 324V, 324W, 324Y, 325A, 325D, 325E, 325F, 325G, 325H, 325I, 325K, 325L, 325M, 325P, 325Q, 325R, 325S, 325T, 325V, 325W, 325Y, 326E, 326I, 326L, 326P, 326T, 327D, 327E, 327F, 327H, 327I, 327K, 327L, 327M, 327N, 327P, 327R, 327S, 327T, 327V, 327W, 327Y, 328A, 328D, 328E, 328F, 328G, 328H, 328I, 328K, 328M, 328N, 328P, 328Q, 328R, 328S, 328T, 328V, 328W, 328Y, 329D, 329E, 329F, 329G, 329H, 329I, 329K, 329L, 329M, 329N, 329Q, 329R, 329S, 329T, 329V, 329W, 329Y, 330E, 330F, 330G, 330H, 330I, 330L, 330M, 330N, 330P, 330R, 330S, 330T, 330V, 330W, 330Y, 331D, 331F, 331H, 331I, 331L, 331M, 331Q, 331R, 331T, 331V, 331W, 331Y, 332A, 332D, 332E, 332F, 332H, 332K, 332L, 332M, 332N, 332P, 332Q, 332R, 332S, 332T, 332V, 332W, 332Y, 333A, 333F, 333H, 333I, 333L, 333M, 333P, 333T, 333Y, 334A, 334F, 334I, 334L, 334P, 334T, 335D, 335F, 335G, 335H, 335I, 335L, 335M, 335N, 335P, 335R, 335S, 335V, 335W, 335Y, 336E, 336K, 336Y, 337E, 337H, and 337N, wherein numbering is according to the EU index.

In further aspects, the amino acid modification is 332E. The second amino acid modification can be selected from the group consisting of: 236A, 239D, 332E, 268D, 268E, 330Y, and 330L. In certain embodiments, the second amino acid modification is 239D.

In other aspects, the modification is a glycoform modification that reduces the level of fucose relative to the parent antibody. In still other aspects, the invention is directed to a composition including a plurality of glycosylated antibodies, wherein about 80-100% of the glycosylated antibodies in the composition comprise a mature core carbohydrate structure which lacks fucose.

In a further embodiment, the antibody reduces binding to FcγRIIb as compared to the parent anti-CD40 antibody.

In another aspect, the invention is directed to an antibody that binds CD40, includes a heavy chain and/or a light chain, and has an increased affinity to the FcγRIIIa receptor as compared to the parent antibody. The heavy chain has a CDR1 comprising the amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 16, 22, and 28, a CDR2 comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 17, 23, and 29, and a CDR3 comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 18, 24, and 30. The light chain has a CDR1 comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 19, 25, and 31, a CDR2 comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 20, 26, and 32, and a CDR3 comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 21, 27, and 33.

In further variations, the antibody has a variable heavy chain sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 10, 12, 14, and 16-19 and/or a variable light chain sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 11, 13, 15 and 20-22.

In various additional aspects, the invention is directed to a nucleic acid sequence encoding any of the antibodies disclosed herein.

In further aspects, the invention is directed to a method of treating a B-cell related disease by administering an antibody according to claim 1. In certain variations, the disease is selected from non-Hodgkin\'s lymphomas (NHL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (B-ALL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), and multiple myeloma (MM). In certain aspects, the disease is an autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus), multiple sclerosis, Sjogren\'s syndrome, and idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP).

In further aspects, the invention is directed to a composition comprising an antibody described herein and an acceptable carrier.

In one aspect, the invention is directed toward an antibody that binds CD40, wherein the antibody comprises a means for optimizing effector function. In one embodiment, the means allows for antibody binding with increased affinity to the FcγRIIIa receptor as compared to the parent antibody. In another embodiment, the means is an amino acid modification. In some embodiments, the means is a positional means for optimizing effector function, e.g., modification of an amino acid at one or more of the following heavy chain constant region positions: 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 249, 255, 258, 260, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 288, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 313, 317, 318, 320, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, and 337, wherein numbering is according to the EU index. In other embodiments, the means is a substitutional means for optimizing effector function, e.g., one or more of the following amino acid substitutions in the heavy chain constant region positions: 221K, 221Y, 222E, 222Y, 223E, 223K, 224E, 224Y, 225E, 225K, 225W, 227E, 227G, 227K, 227Y, 228E, 228G, 228K, 228Y, 230A, 230E, 230G, 230Y, 231E, 231G, 231K, 231P, 231Y, 232E, 232G, 232K, 232Y, 233A, 233D, 233F, 233G, 233H, 233I, 233K, 233L, 233M, 233N, 233Q, 233R, 233S, 233T, 233V, 233W, 233Y, 234A, 234D, 234E, 234F, 234G, 234H, 234I, 234K, 234M, 234N, 234P, 234Q, 234R, 234S, 234T, 234V, 234W, 234Y, 235A, 235D, 235E, 235F, 235G, 235H, 235I, 235K, 235M, 235N, 235P, 235Q, 235R, 235S, 235T, 235V, 235W, 235Y, 236A, 236D, 236E, 236F, 236H, 236I, 236K, 236L, 236M, 236N, 236P, 236Q, 236R, 236S, 236T, 236V, 236W, 236Y, 237D, 237E, 237F, 237H, 237I, 237K, 237L, 237M, 237N, 237P, 237Q, 237R, 237S, 237T, 237V, 237W, 237Y, 238D, 238E, 238F, 238G, 238H, 238I, 238K, 238L, 238M, 238N, 238Q, 238R, 238S, 238T, 238V, 238W, 238Y, 239D, 239E, 239F, 239G, 239H, 239I, 239K, 239L, 239M, 239N, 239P, 239Q, 239R, 239T, 239V, 239W, 239Y, 240A, 240I, 240M, 240T, 241D, 241E, 241L, 241R, 241S, 241W, 241Y, 243E, 243H, 243L, 243Q, 243R, 243W, 243Y, 244H, 245A, 246D, 246E, 246H, 246Y, 247G, 247V, 249H, 249Q, 249Y, 255E, 255Y, 258H, 258S, 258Y, 260D, 260E, 260H, 260Y, 262A, 262E, 262F, 262I, 262T, 263A, 263I, 263M, 263T, 264A, 264D, 264E, 264F, 264G, 264H, 264I, 264K, 264L, 264M, 264N, 264P, 264Q, 264R, 264S, 264T, 264W, 264Y, 265F, 265G, 265H, 265I, 265K, 265L, 265M, 265N, 265P, 265Q, 265R, 265S, 265T, 265V, 265W, 265Y, 266A, 266I, 266M, 266T, 267D, 267E, 267F, 267H, 267I, 267K, 267L, 267M, 267N, 267P, 267Q, 267R, 267T, 267V, 267W, 267Y, 268D, 268E, 268F, 268G, 268I, 268K, 268L, 268M, 268P, 268Q, 268R, 268T, 268V, 268W, 269F, 269G, 269H, 269I, 269K, 269L, 269M, 269N, 269P, 269R, 269S, 269T, 269V, 269W, 269Y, 270F, 270G, 270H, 270I, 270L, 270M, 270P, 270Q, 270R, 270S, 270T, 270W, 270Y, 271A, 271D, 271E, 271F, 271G, 271H, 271I, 271K, 271L, 271M, 271N, 271Q, 271R, 271S, 271T, 271V, 271W, 271Y, 272D, 272F, 272G, 272H, 272I, 272K, 272L, 272M, 272P, 272R, 272S, 272T, 272V, 272W, 272Y, 273I, 274D, 274E, 274F, 274G, 274H, 274I, 274L, 274M, 274N, 274P, 274R, 274T, 274V, 274W, 274Y, 275L, 275W, 276D, 276E, 276F, 276G, 276H, 276I, 276L, 276M, 276P, 276R, 276S, 276T, 276V, 276W, 276Y, 278D, 278E, 278G, 278H, 278I, 278K, 278L, 278M, 278N, 278P, 278Q, 278R, 278S, 278T, 278V, 278W, 280G, 280K, 280L, 280P, 280W, 281D, 281E, 281K, 281N, 281P, 281Q, 281Y, 282E, 282G, 282K, 282P, 282Y, 283G, 283H, 283K, 283L, 283P, 283R, 283Y, 284D, 284E, 284L, 284N, 284Q, 284T, 284Y, 285D, 285E, 285K, 285Q, 285W, 285Y, 286E, 286G, 286P, 286Y, 288D, 288E, 288Y, 290D, 290H, 290L, 290N, 290W, 291D, 291E, 291G, 291H, 291I, 291Q, 291T, 292D, 292E, 292T, 292Y, 293F, 293G, 293H, 293I, 293L, 293M, 293N, 293P, 293R, 293S, 293T, 293V, 293W, 293Y, 294F, 294G, 294H, 294I, 294K, 294L, 294M, 294P, 294R, 294S, 294T, 294V, 294W, 294Y, 295D, 295E, 295F, 295G, 295H, 295I, 295M, 295N, 295P, 295R, 295S, 295T, 295V, 295W, 295Y, 296A, 296D, 296E, 296G, 296H, 296I, 296K, 296L, 296M, 296N, 296Q, 296R, 296S, 296T, 296V, 297D, 297E, 297F, 297G, 297H, 297I, 297K, 297L, 297M, 297P, 297Q, 297R, 297S, 297T, 297V, 297W, 297Y, 298A, 298D, 298E, 298F, 298H, 298I, 298K, 298M, 298N, 298Q, 298R, 298T, 298W, 298Y, 299A, 299D, 299E, 299F, 299G, 299H, 299I, 299K, 299L, 299M, 299N, 299P, 299Q, 299R, 299S, 299V, 299W, 299Y, 300A, 300D, 300E, 300G, 300H, 300K, 300M, 300N, 300P, 300Q, 300R, 300S, 300T, 300V, 300W, 301D, 301E, 301H, 301Y, 302I, 303D, 303E, 303Y, 304D, 304H, 304L, 304N, 304T, 305E, 305T, 305Y, 313F, 317E, 317Q, 318H, 318L, 318Q, 318R, 318Y, 320D, 320F, 320G, 320H, 320I, 320L, 320N, 320P, 320S, 320T, 320V, 320W, 320Y, 322D, 322F, 322G, 322H, 322I, 322P, 322S, 322T, 322V, 322W, 322Y, 323I, 324D, 324F, 324G, 324H, 324I, 324L, 324M, 324P, 324R, 324T, 324V, 324W, 324Y, 325A, 325D, 325E, 325F, 325G, 325H, 325I, 325K, 325L, 325M, 325P, 325Q, 325R, 325S, 325T, 325V, 325W, 325Y, 326E, 326I, 326L, 326P, 326T, 327D, 327E, 327F, 327H, 327I, 327K, 327L, 327M, 327N, 327P, 327R, 327S, 327T, 327V, 327W, 327Y, 328A, 328D, 328E, 328F, 328G, 328H, 328I, 328K, 328M, 328N, 328P, 328Q, 328R, 328S, 328T, 328V, 328W, 328Y, 329D, 329E, 329F, 329G, 329H, 329I, 329K, 329L, 329M, 329N, 329Q, 329R, 329S, 329T, 329V, 329W, 329Y, 330E, 330F, 330G, 330H, 330I, 330L, 330M, 330N, 330P, 330R, 330S, 330T, 330V, 330W, 330Y, 331D, 331F, 331H, 331I, 331L, 331M, 331Q, 331R, 331T, 331V, 331W, 331Y, 332A, 332D, 332E, 332F, 332H, 332K, 332L, 332M, 332N, 332P, 332Q, 332R, 332S, 332T, 332V, 332W, 332Y, 333A, 333F, 333H, 333I, 333L, 333M, 333P, 333T, 333Y, 334A, 334F, 334I, 334L, 334P, 334T, 335D, 335F, 335G, 335H, 335I, 335L, 335M, 335N, 335P, 335R, 335S, 335V, 335W, 335Y, 336E, 336K, 336Y, 337E, 337H, and 337N, wherein numbering is according to the EU index.

In other embodiments, the means for optimizing effector function is a positional means, e.g., modification of an amino acid at one or more of the following positions: 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 228, 230, 231, 232, 240, 244, 245, 247, 262, 263, 266, 271, 273, 275, 281, 284, 291, 299, 302, 304, 313, 323, 325, 328, 332, 336, wherein the positional numbering is according to the EU index. In some embodiments, the means for optimizing effector function is a substitutional means, e.g., one or more of the following substitutions: 221K, 221Y, 222E, 222Y, 223E, 223K, 224E, 224Y, 225E, 225K, 225W, 228E, 228G, 228K, 228Y, 230A, 230E, 230G, 230Y, 231E, 231G, 231K, 231P, 231Y, 232E, 232G, 232K, 232Y, 240A, 240I, 240M, 240T, 244H, 245A, 247G, 247V, 262A, 262E, 262F, 262I, 262T, 263A, 263I, 263M, 263T, 266A, 266I, 266M, 266T, 271A, 271D, 271E, 271F, 271G, 271H, 271I, 271K, 271L, 271M, 271N, 271Q, 271R, 271S, 271T, 271V, 271W, 271Y, 273I, 275L, 275W, 281D, 281E, 281K, 281N, 281P, 281Q, 281Y, 284D, 284E, 284L, 284N, 284Q, 284T, 284Y, 291D, 291E, 291G, 291H, 291I, 291Q, 291T, 299A, 299D, 299E, 299F, 299G, 299H, 299I, 299K, 299L, 299M, 299N, 299P, 299Q, 299R, 299S, 299V, 299W, 299Y, 304D, 304H, 304L, 304N, 304T, 313F, 323I, 325A, 325D, 325E, 325F, 325G, 325H, 325I, 325K, 325L, 325M, 325P, 325Q, 325R, 325S, 325T, 325V, 325W, 325Y, 328A, 328D, 328E, 328F, 328G, 328H, 328I, 328K, 328M, 328N, 328P, 328Q, 328R, 328S, 328T, 328V, 328W, 328Y, 332A, 332D, 332E, 332F, 332H, 332K, 332L, 332M, 332N, 332P, 332Q, 332R, 332S, 332T, 332V, 332W, 332Y, 336E, 336K, and 336Y. In other embodiments, the means for optimizing effector function includes a modification at a second amino acid, e.g., at a position selected from the group consisting of 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 249, 255, 258, 260, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 288, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 313, 317, 318, 320, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, and 337, wherein numbering is according to the EU index. For example, the means for optimizing effector function may include a substitution at a second amino acid, e.g., one or more of the following substitutions: 221K, 221 Y, 222E, 222Y, 223E, 223K, 224E, 224Y, 225E, 225K, 225W, 227E, 227G, 227K, 227Y, 228E, 228G, 228K, 228Y, 230A, 230E, 230G, 230Y, 231E, 231G, 231K, 231P, 231Y, 232E, 232G, 232K, 232Y, 233A, 233D, 233F, 233G, 233H, 233I, 233K, 233L, 233M, 233N, 233Q, 233R, 233S, 233T, 233V, 233W, 233Y, 234A, 234D, 234E, 234F, 234G, 234H, 234I, 234K, 234M, 234N, 234P, 234Q, 234R, 234S, 234T, 234V, 234W, 234Y, 235A, 235D, 235E, 235F, 235G, 235H, 235I, 235K, 235M, 235N, 235P, 235Q, 235R, 235S, 235T, 235V, 235W, 235Y, 236A, 236D, 236E, 236F, 236H, 236I, 236K, 236L, 236M, 236N, 236P, 236Q, 236R, 236S, 236T, 236V, 236W, 236Y, 237D, 237E, 237F, 237H, 237I, 237K, 237L, 237M, 237N, 237P, 237Q, 237R, 237S, 237T, 237V, 237W, 237Y, 238D, 238E, 238F, 238G, 238H, 238I, 238K, 238L, 238M, 238N, 238Q, 238R, 238S, 238T, 238V, 238W, 238Y, 239D, 239E, 239F, 239G, 239H, 239I, 239K, 239L, 239M, 239N, 239P, 239Q, 239R, 239T, 239V, 239W, 239Y, 240A, 240I, 240M, 240T, 241D, 241E, 241L, 241R, 241S, 241W, 241Y, 243E, 243H, 243L, 243Q, 243R, 243W, 243Y, 244H, 245A, 246D, 246E, 246H, 246Y, 247G, 247V, 249H, 249Q, 249Y, 255E, 255Y, 258H, 258S, 258Y, 260D, 260E, 260H, 260Y, 262A, 262E, 262F, 262I, 262T, 263A, 263I, 263M, 263T, 264A, 264D, 264E, 264F, 264G, 264H, 264I, 264K, 264L, 264M, 264N, 264P, 264Q, 264R, 264S, 264T, 264W, 264Y, 265F, 265G, 265H, 265I, 265K, 265L, 265M, 265N, 265P, 265Q, 265R, 265S, 265T, 265V, 265W, 265Y, 266A, 266I, 266M, 266T, 267D, 267E, 267F, 267H, 267I, 267K, 267L, 267M, 267N, 267P, 267Q, 267R, 267T, 267V, 267W, 267Y, 268D, 268E, 268F, 268G, 268I, 268K, 268L, 268M, 268P, 268Q, 268R, 268T, 268V, 268W, 269F, 269G, 269H, 269I, 269K, 269L, 269M, 269N, 269P, 269R, 269S, 269T, 269V, 269W, 269Y, 270F, 270G, 270H, 270I, 270L, 270M, 270P, 270Q, 270R, 270S, 270T, 270W, 270Y, 271A, 271D, 271E, 271F, 271G, 271H, 271I, 271K, 271L, 271M, 271N, 271Q, 271R, 271S, 271T, 271V, 271W, 271Y, 272D, 272F, 272G, 272H, 272I, 272K, 272L, 272M, 272P, 272R, 272S, 272T, 272V, 272W, 272Y, 273I, 274D, 274E, 274F, 274G, 274H, 274I, 274L, 274M, 274N, 274P, 274R, 274T, 274V, 274W, 274Y, 275L, 275W, 276D, 276E, 276F, 276G, 276H, 276I, 276L, 276M, 276P, 276R, 276S, 276T, 276V, 276W, 276Y, 278D, 278E, 278G, 278H, 278I, 278K, 278L, 278M, 278N, 278P, 278Q, 278R, 278S, 278T, 278V, 278W, 280G, 280K, 280L, 280P, 280W, 281D, 281E, 281K, 281N, 281P, 281Q, 281Y, 282E, 282G, 282K, 282P, 282Y, 283G, 283H, 283K, 283L, 283P, 283R, 283Y, 284D, 284E, 284L, 284N, 284Q, 284T, 284Y, 285D, 285E, 285K, 285Q, 285W, 285Y, 286E, 286G, 286P, 286Y, 288D, 288E, 288Y, 290D, 290H, 290L, 290N, 290W, 291D, 291E, 291G, 291H, 291I, 291Q, 291T, 292D, 292E, 292T, 292Y, 293F, 293G, 293H, 293I, 293L, 293M, 293N, 293P, 293R, 293S, 293T, 293V, 293W, 293Y, 294F, 294G, 294H, 294I, 294K, 294L, 294M, 294P, 294R, 294S, 294T, 294V, 294W, 294Y, 295D, 295E, 295F, 295G, 295H, 295I, 295M, 295N, 295P, 295R, 295S, 295T, 295V, 295W, 295Y, 296A, 296D, 296E, 296G, 296H, 296I, 296K, 296L, 296M, 296N, 296Q, 296R, 296S, 296T, 296V, 297D, 297E, 297F, 297G, 297H, 297I, 297K, 297L, 297M, 297P, 297Q, 297R, 297S, 297T, 297V, 297W, 297Y, 298A, 298D, 298E, 298F, 298H, 298I, 298K, 298M, 298N, 298Q, 298R, 298T, 298W, 298Y, 299A, 299D, 299E, 299F, 299G, 299H, 299I, 299K, 299L, 299M, 299N, 299P, 299Q, 299R, 299S, 299V, 299W, 299Y, 300A, 300D, 300E, 300G, 300H, 300K, 300M, 300N, 300P, 300Q, 300R, 300S, 300T, 300V, 300W, 301D, 301E, 301H, 301Y, 302I, 303D, 303E, 303Y, 304D, 304H, 304L, 304N, 304T, 305E, 305T, 305Y, 313F, 317E, 317Q, 318H, 318L, 318Q, 318R, 318Y, 320D, 320F, 320G, 320H, 320I, 320L, 320N, 320P, 320S, 320T, 320V, 320W, 320Y, 322D, 322F, 322G, 322H, 322I, 322P, 322S, 322T, 322V, 322W, 322Y, 323I, 324D, 324F, 324G, 324H, 324I, 324L, 324M, 324P, 324R, 324T, 324V, 324W, 324Y, 325A, 325D, 325E, 325F, 325G, 325H, 325I, 325K, 325L, 325M, 325P, 325Q, 325R, 325S, 325T, 325V, 325W, 325Y, 326E, 326I, 326L, 326P, 326T, 327D, 327E, 327F, 327H, 327I, 327K, 327L, 327M, 327N, 327P, 327R, 327S, 327T, 327V, 327W, 327Y, 328A, 328D, 328E, 328F, 328G, 328H, 328I, 328K, 328M, 328N, 328P, 328Q, 328R, 328S, 328T, 328V, 328W, 328Y, 329D, 329E, 329F, 329G, 329H, 329I, 329K, 329L, 329M, 329N, 329Q, 329R, 329S, 329T, 329V, 329W, 329Y, 330E, 330F, 330G, 330H, 330I, 330L, 330M, 330N, 330P, 330R, 330S, 330T, 330V, 330W, 330Y, 331D, 331F, 331H, 331I, 331L, 331M, 331Q, 331R, 331T, 331V, 331W, 331Y, 332A, 332D, 332E, 332F, 332H, 332K, 332L, 332M, 332N, 332P, 332Q, 332R, 332S, 332T, 332V, 332W, 332Y, 333A, 333F, 333H, 333I, 333L, 333M, 333P, 333T, 333Y, 334A, 334F, 334I, 334L, 334P, 334T, 335D, 335F, 335G, 335H, 335I, 335L, 335M, 335N, 335P, 335R, 335S, 335V, 335W, 335Y, 336E, 336K, 336Y, 337E, 337H, and 337N, wherein numbering is according to the EU index.

In another embodiment, the means for optimizing effector function is the amino acid modification 332E. In some embodiments, the means for optimizing effector function is the amino acid modification 332E and one or more of the following amino acid modifications: 236A, 239D, 332E, 268D, 268E, 330Y, and 330L, e.g., 239D.

In other embodiments, an antibody of the invention has a reduced level of fucose relative to the parent antibody. For example, a composition of the invention may comprise a plurality of glycosylated antibodies, wherein about 80-100% of the glycosylated antibodies have a reduced level of fucose.

In other embodiments, an antibody of the invention comprises a means to reduce binding to FcγRIIb as compared to the parent anti-CD40 antibody.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The following drawings further illustrate aspects of the invention, and are not meant to constrain the present invention to any particular application or theory of operation.

FIG. 1. Sequences of the natural antibody constant regions, including the kappa constant light chain, and the gamma constant heavy chains for IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4. Also provided is the sequence of a Hybrid IgG constant chain, and a Hybrid IgG constant chain comprising the substitutions 239D and 1332E.

FIG. 1b. Alignment of the amino acid sequences of the human IgG immunoglobulins IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 (SEQ ID NO:2-5, respectively). FIG. 1b provides the sequences of the CH1 (Cγ1) and hinge domains, and FIG. 1c provides the sequences of the CH2 (Cγ2) and CH3 (Cγ3) domains. Positions are numbered according to the EU index of the IgG1 sequence, and differences between IgG1 and the other immunoglobulins IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 are shown in gray. Allotypic polymorphisms exist at a number of positions, and thus slight differences between the presented sequences and sequences in the prior art may exist. The possible beginnings of the Fc region are labeled, defined herein as either EU position 226 or 230.

FIG. 1c. Alignment of the amino acid sequences of the human IgG immunoglobulins IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4. FIG. 1c provides the sequences of the CH1 (Cγ1), hinge domain, CH2 (Cγ2) domain and CH3 (Cγ3) domain. Positions are numbered according to the EU index of the IgG1 sequence, and differences between IgG1 and the other immunoglobulins IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 are shown in grey. Polymorphisms exist at a number of positions (Kim et al., 2001, J. Mol. Evol. 54:1-9, incorporated herein by reference in its entirety), and thus slight differences between the presented sequences and sequences in the prior art may exist. The possible beginnings of the Fc region are labeled, defined herein as either EU position 226 or 230.

FIGS. 2a and 2b. The common haplotypes of the gamma chain of human IgG1 (FIG. 2a) and IgG2 (FIG. 2b) showing the positions and the relevant amino acid substitutions.

FIG. 3. Embodiments of receptor binding profiles that include increases to, reductions to, or no effect on the binding to various receptors, where such changes may be beneficial in certain contexts.

FIG. 4: Amino acid sequences of the CD40 antigen targeted by the antibodies of the invention. FIG. 4 provides the sequence of both isoforms of Homo sapiens CD40.

FIGS. 5a-5d. Sequences encoding the murine anti-CD40 antibody variable regions. FIG. 5a provides the light and heavy chain variable region sequences of the anti-CD40 antibodies S2C6, G28-5, and 5D12, respectively. CDRs are underlined. FIGS. 5b-5d describe the CDR sequences of S2C6, G28-5, and 5D12, respectively.

FIGS. 6a-6c. ADCC assay comparing WT IgG1, Hybrid S239D/I332E (effector function enhanced) anti-CD40 antibodies, and the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab on the Burkitt\'s Lymohoma cell lines Daudi and Raji, and the multiple myeloma cell line RPMI8226. FIG. 6a shows results for S2C6, FIG. 6b shows results for 5D12, and FIG. 6c shows results for G28-5.

FIG. 7. Platelet activation assay with anti-CD40 antibody S2C6. Samples included in the assay were S2C6 IgG1, S2C6 Hybrid S239D/I332E, positive control antibody IV.3 (mouse anti-human IgG FcgRIIa specific antibody), and isotype control antibody.

FIG. 8. Anti-proliferation assay of anti-CD40 antibodies on the Burkitt\'s Lymphoma cell line HS-Sultan. Samples included in the assay were 5D12 IgG1, S2C6 IgG1, and human IgG with and without CD40 ligand and cells only were used as controls.

FIG. 9. Amino acid sequences of humanized heavy chain S2C6 variants.

FIG. 10. Amino acid sequences of humanized light chain S2C6 variants.

FIG. 11. ADCC of humanized S2C6 templates incubated at 60° C. at 0 and 48 hrs on RAMOS cells in order to assess the relative stability of each template.

FIGS. 12a-12d. ADCC of several humanized S2C6 templates on three different cell lines. FIG. 12a shows ADCC with S2C6 H3L1 Hybrid S239D/I332E, rituximab (anti-CD20), and isotype control (Hybrid S239D/I332E) on the Burkitt\'s Lymphoma cell line Ramos. FIG. 12b shows ADCC with S2C6 H4L3 Hybrid S239D/I332E, rituximab (anti-CD20), and isotype control (Hybrid S239D/I332E) on the Burkitt\'s Lymphoma cell line Namalwa. FIG. 12c shows ADCC with S2C6 H1L1 Hybrid S239D/I332E, S2C6 H1L1 IgG1, and isotype control (Hybrid S239D/I332E) on the B-lymphoblastoid cell line IM-9. FIG. 12d shows ADCC with S2C6 H1L1 Hybrid S239D/I332E, S2C6 H1L1 IgG1, and isotype control (Hybrid S239D/I332E) on the multiple myeloma cell line RPMI8226.

FIG. 13. Survival of SCID mice in a model of Ramos Burkitt\'s lymphoma after treatment with several humanized S2C6 templates. FIG. 13 shows a Kaplan-Myer graph delineating the survival of SCID mice injected intravenously (i.v.) with 5×106 human Ramos Burkitt\'s lymphoma cells and treated with PBS, isotype control (Hybrid S239D/I332E Fc), 6 mg/kg S2C6 H1L1 Hybrid S239D/I332E (anti-CD40), 2 mg/kg S2C6 H1L1 Hybrid S239D/I332E (anti-CD40), or 0.6 mg/kg S2C6 H1L1 Hybrid S239D/I332E (anti-CD40).



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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20110027276 A1
Publish Date
02/03/2011
Document #
File Date
07/22/2014
USPTO Class
Other USPTO Classes
International Class
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