FreshPatents.com Logo
stats FreshPatents Stats
1 views for this patent on FreshPatents.com
2011: 1 views
Updated: April 14 2014
newTOP 200 Companies filing patents this week


    Free Services  

  • MONITOR KEYWORDS
  • Enter keywords & we'll notify you when a new patent matches your request (weekly update).

  • ORGANIZER
  • Save & organize patents so you can view them later.

  • RSS rss
  • Create custom RSS feeds. Track keywords without receiving email.

  • ARCHIVE
  • View the last few months of your Keyword emails.

  • COMPANY DIRECTORY
  • Patents sorted by company.

AdPromo(14K)

Follow us on Twitter
twitter icon@FreshPatents

Two-photon-absorption magneto-optic dispersion spectrometer

last patentdownload pdfimage previewnext patent


Title: Two-photon-absorption magneto-optic dispersion spectrometer.
Abstract: A tunable optical spectrometer is disclosed that includes a medium configured to perform polarization rotation within a frequency band on a linearly polarized test beam, wherein the medium is circularly birefringent, and wherein the polarization rotation is achieved based on two-photon-absorption. The medium includes a gaseous substance, a reference laser beam of circular polarization and a longitudinal magnetic field. The test beam propagates through the medium twice, once in the same direction as the magnetic field, and once in the opposite direction of the magnetic field. The test beam undergoes polarization rotation an amount that depends upon the frequency of the test beam. ...


Browse recent Joseph D. Vance patents - Scotts Valley, CA, US
Inventor: Joseph Daniel Vance
USPTO Applicaton #: #20110001979 - Class: 356453 (USPTO) - 01/06/11 - Class 356 


view organizer monitor keywords


The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20110001979, Two-photon-absorption magneto-optic dispersion spectrometer.

last patentpdficondownload pdfimage previewnext patent

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to optical spectrometers utilizing circular birefringence to rotate the linear polarization of light, and more particularly to deducing the photon wavelength based on an analysis of light polarization after propagating light through the circularly birefringent medium.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

High resolution measurement of light frequency from incoherent sources typically makes use of cavity interference such as Fabry Perot interferometers and gratings, or absorption lines from some medium. Interferometers such as a Fabry Perot or gratings are expensive and have low acceptance angles, meaning the deviation from the desired angle at which the light enters the interferometer has very little tolerance. Moreover, for such interferometers increasing the spectral resolution lowers the transmission of the signal (reduces the number of photons included in the signal). Absorption line mediums (e.g., iodine, potassium and sodium) require some atomic or molecular transition in the medium, and they only occur at discrete and fixed frequency locations. Additionally, since absorption lines absorb light, they deplete the strength of the signal being measured.

Magneto-optic spectrophotometers can be used to measure frequency, but they only distinguish light near a particular absorption line from light that is not near a particular absorption line, which provides very low frequency resolution in comparison to the current invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING

FIG. 1 is a diagram of rubidium spectra, in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 shows the basic configuration of a two-photon-absorption magneto-optic dispersion spectrometer in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 3 shows the real (X′) and imaginary (X″) portions of the electric susceptibility near a split absorption line caused by a magnetic field. The figure also shows the difference in susceptibility between each circularly polarized component of a test beam for test beam paths propagating with and against a magnetic field shifted susceptibility in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a plot of transmission spectra into two separate channels, a first output and second output, in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

OF THE INVENTION

Several drawings illustrate physical the attributes of a magneto optic dispersion spectrometer, and quantities that may be manifested with its construction, in accordance with embodiments of the present invention. Examples are described that have particular gaseous mediums, transitions, wavelengths of complimentary light pairs, etc. for purposes of illustration. However, it should be noted that the choices of particular gaseous medium and particular transitions are abundant. Also, while concomitant to the chosen transitions, the wavelengths of the light pairs, test beam and reference beam, have wide latitude of choice upon a continuum. Thus it is recognized that the apparatus and means described herein may vary without departing from the basic underlying concepts of the invention.

The current invention is an optical spectrometer based on dispersion from two-photon-absorption. An optical spectrometer measures some property of light, typically intensity as a function of wavelength. A dispersion spectrometer utilizes a rapidly changing electric susceptibility to demarcate intensity at a particular wavelength. Embodiments of the current invention are based the creation of a medium where in selected frequency regions the dispersion changes rapidly but absorption is mostly absent. The frequency region between two absorption lines has these properties and is exploited herein. One way to create two absorption lines is to apply a magnetic field to an atomic vapor and split a single absorption line into two absorption lines.

Light that propagates through a gaseous medium is preferentially absorbed when its energy corresponds to a particular atomic transition. This preferential absorption (otherwise known as resonance absorption) also affects light phase, or dispersion. The electric susceptibility is used to describe both the absorption and dispersion effects. Whenever the real portion of the electric susceptibility, for each circular polarization state of light are different, then the medium becomes circularly birefringent. A linear polarized beam will undergo polarization rotation to another linear polarized state while traveling through a circular birefringent medium. It will be shown that the electric susceptibilities for the test beam that manifest from two-photon-absorption in an gaseous medium can be manipulated to bring about circular birefringence that changes rapidly enough to make an ultra high resolution spectrometer.

A circular birefringent medium in the present invention accomplishes circular birefringence based on a physical phenomena called two-photon-absorption. Consider an atomic transition from a ground state (lowest allowed energy state of an atom) to an intermediate excited state, which can occur with the absorption of a single photon. A single photon resonance is a photon frequency bandwidth where the energy of the photon matches an allowed atomic transition. Furthermore, consider another transition from the intermediate excited state to another still higher energy state, a final excited state that can occur with the absorption of a single photon. Two-photon-absorption is the direct transition from the ground state to the final excited state, avoiding the intermediate state, by the simultaneous absorption of two photons. A two-photon-transition identifies the states of the substance involved in two-photon-absorption. A two-photon-absorption line is a frequency bandwidth of light that can be absorbed by the process of two-photon-absorption. FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating the process of two-photon-absorption, in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

In the case of two-photon-absorption, the only restriction upon the energy of the photons is that the sum of their energies match the total energy of the atomic transition:



Download full PDF for full patent description/claims.

Advertise on FreshPatents.com - Rates & Info


You can also Monitor Keywords and Search for tracking patents relating to this Two-photon-absorption magneto-optic dispersion spectrometer patent application.
###
monitor keywords



Keyword Monitor How KEYWORD MONITOR works... a FREE service from FreshPatents
1. Sign up (takes 30 seconds). 2. Fill in the keywords to be monitored.
3. Each week you receive an email with patent applications related to your keywords.  
Start now! - Receive info on patent apps like Two-photon-absorption magneto-optic dispersion spectrometer or other areas of interest.
###


Previous Patent Application:
Inspection method and apparatus, lithographic apparatus, lithographic processing cell and device manufacturing method
Next Patent Application:
Optical phase processing in a scattering medium
Industry Class:
Optics: measuring and testing
Thank you for viewing the Two-photon-absorption magneto-optic dispersion spectrometer patent info.
- - - Apple patents, Boeing patents, Google patents, IBM patents, Jabil patents, Coca Cola patents, Motorola patents

Results in 0.57606 seconds


Other interesting Freshpatents.com categories:
QUALCOMM , Monsanto , Yahoo , Corning , -g2--0.7704
     SHARE
  
           

FreshNews promo


stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20110001979 A1
Publish Date
01/06/2011
Document #
12496032
File Date
07/01/2009
USPTO Class
356453
Other USPTO Classes
International Class
01J3/45
Drawings
5



Follow us on Twitter
twitter icon@FreshPatents