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lubricating oil additive composition and method of making the same


Title: lubricating oil additive composition and method of making the same.
Abstract: An oil-soluble lubricating oil additive composition prepared by a process which comprises reacting a succinimide, succinamide or mixtures thereof with a first post-treating agent, thereby producing an initial post-treated product which is reacted with a second post-treating agent. ...

Browse recent Chevron Oronite Llc patents
USPTO Applicaton #: #20100160192 - Class: $ApplicationNatlClass (USPTO) -
Inventors: William R. Ruhe, Jr.



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The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20100160192, lubricating oil additive composition and method of making the same.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

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The present invention is directed to an improved dispersant additive composition that is used in engine oils; and it is also directed to the process of making the same.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

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It is known to employ nitrogen containing dispersants and/or detergents in the formulation of lubricating oil compositions. Many of the known dispersant/detergent compounds are based on the reaction of an alkenylsuccinic acid or anhydride with an amine or polyamine to produce an alkenylsuccinimide or an alkenyl succinamic acid as determined by selected conditions of reaction. One problem facing the lubricant manufacturer is dispersancy of particulate matter in internal combustion engines. Failure to have adequate particulate matter dispersancy may result in filter plugging, sludge accumulation, and oil thickening.

It has been discovered that the combination of certain aromatic anhydrides and ethylene post-treated dispersants provide improved dispersancy as shown in soot thickening bench tests and diesel engine fuel injector flow loss improvement tests.

DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART

European Published Patent Application No. 0438848 discloses a lubricating oil containing a dispersant prepared by (i) reacting at least one polyamine with at least one acyclic hydrocarbyl substituted succinic acylating agent in which such acyclic hydrocarbyl substituent contains an average of at least 40 carbon atoms, such reaction being conducted using proportions such that the acylating agent is reacted with the polyamine in a mole ratio of from 1.05 to 2.85 moles per mole of polyamine, and (ii) reacting the product so formed with (a) at least one aliphatic vicinal dicarboxylic acid acylating agent containing 4 to 30 carbon atoms in the molecule and in which the two carboxyl groups are separated from each other by two aliphatic carbon atoms, or (b) an anhydride, acid halide, or ester of at least one such dicarboxylic acid acylating agent, or (c) a combination of (a) and (b), using in thereaction of (ii) proportions such that the mole ratio of such acylating agent is from 0.10 to 2.50 moles per mole of said polyamine with the proviso that the total mole ratio of the acylating agents in (i) and (ii) per mole of said polyamine is in the range of 2.40 to 4.50.

JP51130408 discloses a lubricating oil composition that is prepared by adding an effective amount of the reaction product of about 0.05-1 in the weight ratio of boron to nitrogen obtained by treating (a) aromatic polybasic carboxylic acid (phthalic acid, terephthalic acid, trimesic acid, trimellitic acid pyromellitic acid, etc.) and its anhydride, (b) alkenyl-succinic acid, or its anhydride, having alkenyl group jointed of molecular weight about 300-3000 and (c) polyalkylenepolyamine in the molar ratio of (a):(b):(c)=1:1-4:1-4 and treating then the resulting intermediate with boron.

Stuart et al., U.S. Pat. No. 3,287,271discloses lubricating oil compositions containing amine carboxylic acid products.

,LeSuer, U.S. Patent No. U.S. Pat. No. 3,374,174 discloses nitrogen-containing compositions obtained from the reaction of an amine with a high molecular weight carboxylic acid such as a monocarboxylic acid and an alkylene or arylene dicarboxylic acid.

Liston, U.S. Pat. No. 3,692,681 discloses terephthalic acid dispersed in a hydrocarbon medium containing highly hindered acylated alkylene polyamines.

Durand et al. U.S. Pat. No. 4,747,964 discloses additive compositions that may be either (1) the products obtained by reacting alkenylsuccinimides with aromatic dianhydrides, or (2) the products obtained by reacting alkenylsuccinimides with an anhydride or a dianhydride of mono- or polycarboxylic aliphatic, alicyclic or aromatic acid of low molecular weight, the obtained product being then reacted with at least one organic compound having several hydroxyl and/or amine groups. These dispersing additive compositions may be added to lubricating oils in a proportion, for example, from 0.1 to 20% by weight.

Clark et al., U.S. Pat. No. 6,255,258 discloses oil-soluble dispersant obtainable by reacting the reaction product of a polyamine and a long-chain hydrocarbyl-substituted dicarboxylic acid, anhydride or ester thereof with a polyanhydride, characterized in that the dispersant restricts the viscosity increase in an oil to below 8 Pa.s in the Haake rheology test defined herein at 2% w/w active matter and a shear rate of 0.26 s.sup.-1 Pa.s, and lubricating oil and fuel compositions and additive concentrates containing such a dispersant.

Degonia et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,241,003 discloses succinimides, succinic esters, and succinic ester-amides are formed by (A) reacting (i) at least one substantially aliphatic polymer of at least one lower olefin, and (ii) an acidic reactant or a mixture of two or more acidic reactants represented by the general formula wherein R and R′ are independently —OH, —O-lower alkyl, a halogen atom, or taken together are a single oxygen atom; and (B) reacting an acylating agent with at least one alcohol (preferably a polyhydric alcohol) or amine (preferably a polyamine having at least one primary amino group).

Wollenberg et al., U.S. Pat. No. 4,612,132 discloses polyamino alkenyl or alkyl succinimides which contain carbamate functionalities which are useful as dispersants in lubricating oils, gasoline's, marine crankcase oils and hydraulic oils.

Wollenberg et al., U.S. Pat. No. 4,747,850 discloses polyamino alkenyl or alkyl succinimides which contain carbamate functionalities which are useful as dispersants in lubricating oils, gasolines, marine crankcase oils and hydraulic oils.

Harrison et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,334,321 discloses alkenyl or alkyl succinimide additives which are the reaction product of a high molecular weight alkenyl- or alkyl-substituted succinic anhydride and a polyalkylene polyamine having an average of greater than 4 nitrogen atoms per mole, wherein the reaction product is post-treated with a cyclic carbonate, are compatible with fluorocarbon engine seals and, for concentration levels at which fluorocarbon seal compatibility is achieved, possess improved dispersancy and/or detergency properties when employed in lubricating oils and fuels,

Harrison et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,356,552 discloses alkenyl or alkyl succinimide additives which are the reaction product of a high molecular weight alkenyl- or alkyl-substituted succinic anhydride and a polyalkylene polyamine having an average of greater than 4 nitrogen atoms per mole, wherein the reaction product is post-treated with a cyclic carbonate, are compatible with fluoroelastomer engine seals and, for concentration levels at which fluoroelastomer seal compatibility is achieved, possess improved dispersancy and/or detergency properties when employed in chlorine-free lubricating oils.

Harrison et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,716,912 discloses a succinimide composition is prepared by reacting a mixture of an alkenyl or alkylsuccinic acid derivative, an unsaturated acidic reagent copolymer, and a polyamine under reactive conditions; then treating the reaction product with either a cyclic carbonate or a linear mono- or polycarbonate or boron compound under reactive conditions.

Harrison et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,753,597 a polysuccinimide composition is prepared by reacting a mixture of a copolymer of a first unsaturated acidic reagent and a 1,1-disubstituted olefin; a copolymer of a second unsaturated acidic reagent and a 1-olefin, and a polyamine under reactive conditions; then treating the reaction product with either a cyclic carbonate or a linear mono- or polycarbonate or boron compound under reactive conditions.

Harrison et al., U.S. Pat. No. 5,849,676 discloses a succinimide composition is prepared by reacting a mixture of an alkenyl or alkylsuccinic acid derivative, an unsaturated acidic reagent copolymer, and a polyamine under reactive conditions.

Harrison et al., U.S. Pat. No. 6,358,892 discloses a succinimide composition is prepared by reacting a mixture of an alkenyl or alkylsuccinic acid derivative, an unsaturated acidic reagent copolymer, and a polyamine under reactive conditions; then treating the reaction product with either a cyclic carbonate or a linear mono- or polycarbonate or boron compound under reactive conditions.

Harrison et al., U.S. Pat. No. 6,451,920 discloses a process is provided for preparing a mixture of (1) a copolymer of a polyalkene and an unsaturated acidic reagent and (2) a polyalkenyl derivative of an unsaturated acidic reagent, said process comprising (a) copolymerizing (1) a polyalkene containing alkylvinylidene isomer and non-alkylvinylidene isomers and (2) an unsaturated acidic reagent under polymerization conditions in the presence of a free radical initiator; and (b) reacting the product of step (a) with an unsaturated acidic reagent at elevated temperature in the presence of a strong acid.

Harrison, U.S. Pat. No. 6,214,775 discloses a haze-free post-treated succinimide prepared by treating an alkenyl or alkyl succinimide with an oil-soluble, strong acid and contacting the treated succinimide with a cyclic carbonate to form the haze-free post-treated succinimide.

SUMMARY

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OF THE INVENTION

In its broadest embodiment, the present invention is directed to a lubricating oil additive composition prepared by the process which comprises the stops of:

(A) reacting a polyalkenyl succinic acid or a polyalkenyl succinic anhydride with at least one polyalkylene polyamine, having at least three nitrogen atoms, thereby producing a succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof;

(B) reacting the product of step (A) with a phthalic anhydride or naphthalic anhydride post-treating agent or mixtures thereof, thereby producing an initial post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof; and

(C) reacting the product of step (B) with a cyclic carbonate thereby producing a final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof, wherein at least one basic nitrogen remains in the final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof.

The present invention is also directed to a lubricating oil composition comprising a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity and a minor amount of a lubricating oil additive composition prepared by the process which comprises the steps of:

(A) reacting a polyalkenyl succinic acid or a polyalkenyl succinic anhydride with at least one polyalkylene polyamine, having at least three nitrogen atoms, thereby producing a succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof;

(B) reacting the product of step (A) with a phthalic anhydride or naphthalic anhydride post-treating agent or mixtures thereof, thereby producing an initial post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof; and

(C) reacting the product of step (B) with a cyclic carbonate thereby producing a final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof, wherein at least one basic nitrogen remains in the final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof.

The present invention is also directed to a method of making a lubricating oil additive composition which comprises the steps of:

(A) reacting a polyalkenyl succinic acid or a polyalkenyl succinic anhydride with at least one polyalkylene polyamine, having at least three nitrogen atoms, thereby producing a succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof;

(B) reacting the product of step (A) with a phthalic anhydride or naphthalic anhydride post-treating agent or mixtures thereof, thereby producing an initial post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof; and

(C) reacting the product of step (B) with a cyclic carbonate thereby producing a final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof, wherein at least one basic nitrogen remains in the final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof.

Accordingly, the present invention relates to multi-functional lubricating oil additives which are useful as dispersants in an internal combustion engine.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

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OF THE INVENTION

While the invention is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, specific embodiments thereof and are herein described in detail. It should be understood, however, that the description herein of specific embodiments is not intended to limit the invention to the particular forms disclosed, but on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

DEFINITIONS

The following terms used with the description are defined as such:

The term “PIB” is an abbreviation for polyisobutene.

The term “PIBSA” is an abbreviation for polyisobutenyl succinic anhydride.

The term “succinic group” refers to a group having the formula:

wherein W and Z are independently selected from the group consisting of —OH, —Cl, —O— lower alkyl or taken together are —O— to form a succinic anhydride group. The term “—O-lower alkyl” is meant to include alkoxy of 1 to 6 carbon atoms.

The term “succinimide” is understood in the art to include many of the amide, imide, etc. species which are also formed by the reaction of a succinic anhydride with an amine. The predominant product, however, is succinimide and this term has been generally accepted as meaning the product of a reaction of an alkenyl- or alkyl-substituted succinic acid or anhydride with an amine. Alkenyl or alkyl succinimides are disclosed in numerous references and are well known in the art. Certain fundamental types of succinimides and related materials encompassed by the term of art “succinimide” are taught in U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,992,708; 3,018,291; 3,024,237; 3,100,673; 3,219,666; 3,172,892; and 3,272,746, the disclosures of which are hereby incorporated by reference.

The term “alkenyl or alkylsuccinic acid derivative” refers to a structure having the formula:

wherein L and M are independently selected from the group consisting of —OH, —Cl, —O—, lower alkyl or taken together are —O— to form an alkenyl or alkylsuccinic anhydride group.

The term “soluble in lubricating oil” refers to the ability of a material to dissolve in aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons such as lubricating oils or fuels in essentially all proportions.

The term “high molecular weight olefins” refers to olefins (including polymerized olefins having a residual unsaturation) of sufficient molecular weight and chain length to lend solubility in lubricating oil to their reaction products. Typically olefins having about 30 carbons or more suffice.

The term “alkyl” refers to both straight- and branched-chain alkyl groups.

The term “polyalkyl” refers to an alkyl group that is generally derived from polyolefins which are polymers or copolymers of mono-olefins, particularly 1-mono-olefins, such as ethylene, propylene, butylene, and the like. Preferably, the mono-olefin employed will have 2 to about 24 carbon atoms, and more preferably, about 3 to 12 carbon atoms. More preferred mono-olefins include propylene, butylene, particularly isobutylene, 1-octene and 1-decene. Preferred, polyolefins prepared from such mono-olefins include polypropylene, polybutene, especially polyisobutene.

The term “basic nitrogen” refers to a nitrogen atom that is capable of accepting a proton.

The terms “alkenyl succinic acid or anhydride” and “alkyl succinic acid or anhydride” may be used interchangeably.

One embodiment of the present invention is a post-treated oil-soluble lubricating oil additive composition. In one embodiment the composition is prepared by the process which comprises the steps of (A) reacting a polyalkenyl succinic acid or a polyalkenyl succinic anhydride with at least one polyalkylene polyamine, having at least three nitrogen atoms, thereby producing a succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof; (B) reacting the product of step (A) with a first post-treating agent, thereby producing an initial post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof; and (C) reacting the product of step (B) with a second post-treating agent thereby producing a final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof, wherein at least one basic nitrogen remains in the final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof.

In one embodiment the composition is prepared by the process which comprises the steps of (A) reacting a polyalkenyl succinic acid or a polyalkenyl succinic anhydride with at least one polyalkylene polyamine, having at least three nitrogen atoms, thereby producing a succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof; (B) reacting the product of step (A) with a phthalic anhydride or naphthalic anhydride post-treating agent or mixtures thereof, thereby producing an initial post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof; and (C) reacting the product of step (B) with a cyclic carbonate thereby producing a final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof, wherein at least one basic nitrogen remains in the final post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof.

(A) Polyalkenyl Succinic Acid or Polyalkenyl Succinic Anhydride

The polyalkenyl succinic acid or polyalkenyl succinic anhydride is the reaction product of a polyalkenyl reactant and an unsaturated acidic reagent. The polyalkenyl succinic acid or anhydride is formed either by the chlorination reaction process or the thermal reaction process.

The Polyalkene

The polyalkenyl reactant is a polyalkene that can be a polymer of a single type of olefin or it can be a copolymer of two or more types of olefins. The principal sources of the polyalkenyl radical include olefin polymers, particularly polymers made from mono-olefins having from 2 to about 30 carbon atoms. Especially useful are the polymers of 1-mono-olefins such as ethylene, propene, 1-butene, and isobutene. Polymers of isobutene are preferred.

In addition to the pure polyalkenyl substituents described above, it is intended that the term “polyalkenyl” as used in this specification and in the claims, include those materials which are substantially polyalkenyl. As used herein, the term “substantially polyalkenyl” means that the polyalkenyl group contains no non-hydrocarbyl substituents or non-carbon atoms which significantly affect the polyalkenyl properties of such polyalkenyl substituents relative to their uses in this invention. For example, a polyalkenyl substituent may contain one or more ether, oxo, nitro, thia, carbohydrocarbyloxy, or other non-hydrocarbyl groups as long as these groups do not significantly affect the polyalkenyl characteristics of the substituent.

Another important aspect of this invention is that the polyalkenyl substituent of the polyalkenyl succinic compound should be substantially saturated, i.e., at least about 95% of the total number of carbon-to-carbon covalent linkages should be saturated linkages. An excessive proportion of unsaturated linkages render the molecule susceptible to oxidation, deterioration, and polymerization and results in products unsuitable for use in hydrocarbon oils in many applications.

The size of the polyalkenyl substituent of the succinic compound appears to determine the effectiveness of the additives of this invention in lubricating oils. Olefin polymers (i.e., polyalkenes) having a molecular weight of about 500 to 5000 are preferred. More preferred, the olefin polymer has a molecular weight of from about 700 to 3000. In a preferred embodiment, the olefin polymer has a molecular weight of about 1000. In another preferred embodiment, the olefin has a molecular weigh of about 2300. The most common sources of these polyalkenes are the polyolefins such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polyisobutene, etc. A particularly preferred polyolefin is polyisobutene having a molecular weight from about 900 to about 2500.

The Unsaturated Acidic Reagent

The term “unsaturated acidic reagent” refers to maleic or fumaric reactants of the general formula:

wherein X and X′ are the same or different, provided that at least one of X and X′ is a group that is capable of reacting to esterify alcohols, form amides, or amine salts with ammonia or amines, form metal salts with reactive metals or basically reacting metal compounds and otherwise function as acylating agents. Typically, X and/or X′ is —OH, —O-hydrocarbyl, —OM+ where M+ represents one equivalent of a metal, ammonium or amine cation, —NH2, —Cl, —Br, and taken together X and X′ can be —O— so as to form an anhydride. Preferably, X and X′ are such that both carboxylic functions can enter into acylation reactions. Maleic anhydride is a preferred unsaturated acidic reactant. Other suitable unsaturated acidic reactants include electron-deficient olefins such as monophenyl maleic anhydride; monomethyl, dimethyl, monochloro, monobromo, monofluoro, dichloro and difluoro maleic anhydride, N-phenyl maleimide and other substituted maleimides; isomaleimides; fumaric acid, maleic acid, alkyl hydrogen maleates and fumarates, dialkyl fumarates and maleates, fumaronilic acids and maleanic acids; and maleonitrile, and fumaronitrile.

The Process for Preparing Polyalkenyl Derivatives

In general, polyalkenyl succinic acids and anhydrides can be prepared by two different types of reactions or processes.

The first type of reaction or process involves either pre-reacting the polyalkene with a halogen, e.g., chlorine, and reacting the halogenated polyalkene with maleic acid or anhydride, or contacting the polyalkene and maleic anhydride or acid in the presence of a halogen, e.g., chlorine. This type of reaction or process is known in the art as the “chlorination” reaction and is described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,172,892, issued Mar. 9, 1965 to LeSuer et al., which is hereby incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

The second type of reaction or process which may be used to prepare polyalkenyl succinic anhydrides or acids involves simply contacting the hydrocarbon and the maleic anhydride or acid (in the absence of halogen) at an elevated temperature. This type of reaction or process is known in the art as the thermal reaction. For the purposes of this specification and claims, the terms “thermal process” and “thermal reaction” include processes such as that disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,361,673, issued Jan. 2, 1968 to Stuart et al., which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety. In addition, U.S. Pat. No. 3,912,764, issued Oct. 14, 1975 to Palmer, involves a combination of the thermal and chlorination processes, as by reacting a substantial portion of the hydrocarbon and maleic anhydride or acid by the thermal process and then completing the reaction via a chlorination reaction. U.S. Pat. No. 3,912,764 is also incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

(B) Amine Compound

In an embodiment of the present invention, an amine is reacted with the polyalkenyl succinic acid or anhydride described herein. Preferably, the amine is a polyalkylene polyamine, which contains at least two primary amines. More preferred the polyalkylene polyamine compound has at least 3 nitrogen atoms.

In one embodiment, the polyalkylene polyamine is diethylenetriamine (DETA), triethylenetetramine (TETA), tetraethylene pentamine (TEPA), pentaethylenehexamine (PEHA), heavy polyamine (HPA), or mixtures thereof. Higher molecular weight polyethyleneamines may also be employed. The polyalkylene polyamines may contain branched, cyclic structures or mixtures thereof.

In one embodiment, the polyalkylene polyamine may be a polyether amine that contains both primary and secondary amines.

Both initial and final post-treating agents require a primary or secondary nitrogen site with which to react. After both post-treatment steps, it is preferred that some of the nitrogen atoms are basic nitrogens.

(C) Post-Treatment of the Succinimide

In one embodiment of the present invention, the succinimide is post-treated with at a first post-treating agent, thereby producing an initial post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof. The initial post-treated succinimide or succinamide or mixtures thereof is subsequently reacted with a second post-treating agent.

In one embodiment, the initial post-treated succinimide is prepared by reacting a succinimide with an aromatic carboxylic acid anhydride. The aromatic carboxylic acid anhydrides may be substituted (i.e., methyl, nitro-, hydroxyl groups depending from the aromatic ring). Typical aromatic anhydrides include trimellitic anhydride, phthalic anhydride and naphthalic anhydride. Preferably, the aromatic anhydride is phthalic anhydride or naphthalic anhydride.

In one embodiment the final post-treated succinimide is prepared by reacting the initial post-treated succinimide with second post-treating agent, which preferably is a cyclic carbonate.

Typical cyclic carbonates for use in this invention include the following: 1,3-dioxolan-2-one (ethylene carbonate); 4-methyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one(propylene carbonate); 4-ethyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one(butylene carbonate); 4-hydroxymethyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one; 4,5-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one; 4-ethyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one; 4,4-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one; 4-methyl-5-ethyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one; 4,5-diethyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one; 4,4-diethyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one; 1,3-dioxan-2-one; 4,4-dimethyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 5,5-dihydroxymethyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 5-methyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 4-methyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 5-hydroxy-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 5-hydroxymethyl-5-methyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 5,5-diethyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 5-methyl-5-propyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 4,6-dimethyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one; 4,4,6-trimethyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one and spiro[1,3-oxa-2-cyclohexanone-5,5′-1′,3′-oxa-2′-cyclohexanone]. Other suitable cyclic carbonates may be prepared from sacchrides such as sorbitol, glucose, fructose, galactose and the like and from vicinal diols prepared from C1-C30 olefins by methods known in the art.

Several of these cyclic carbonates are commercially available such as 1,3-dioxolan-2-one or 4-methyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one. Cyclic carbonates may be readily prepared by known reactions. For example, reaction of phosgene with a suitable alpha alkane diol or an alkan-1,3-diol yields a carbonate for use within the scope of this invention as for instance in U.S. Pat. No. 4,115,206 which is incorporated herein by reference.

Likewise, the cyclic carbonates useful for this invention may be prepared by transesterification of a suitable alpha alkane diol or an alkan-1,3-diol with, e.g., diethyl carbonate under transesterification conditions. See, for instance, U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,384,115 and 4,423,205 which are incorporated herein by reference for their teaching of the preparation of cyclic carbonates.

Typical linear mono-carbonates include diethyl carbonate, dimethyl carbonate, dipropyl carbonate and the like. Typical linear poly-carbonates include poly(propylene carbonate) and the like.




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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20100160192 A1
Publish Date
06/24/2010
Document #
12341410
File Date
12/22/2008
USPTO Class
508287
Other USPTO Classes
International Class
10M133/44
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