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Methods and compositions for improving cognitive function




Title: Methods and compositions for improving cognitive function.
Abstract: This invention relates to treating age-related cognitive impairment. This invention in particular relates to the use of inhibitors of synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A), such as levetiracetam, seletracetam, and brivaracetam, in improving cognitive function in subjects that exhibit age-related cognitive impairment or are at risk thereof, including, without limitation, subjects having or at risk for Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), Age-related Cognitive Decline (ARCD) or Age-Associated Memory Impairment (AAMI). ...


USPTO Applicaton #: #20100099735
Inventors: Michela Gallagher, Rebecca Haberman, Ming Teng Koh


The Patent Description & Claims data below is from USPTO Patent Application 20100099735, Methods and compositions for improving cognitive function.

This application claims priority and benefit from U.S. Provisional Patent Applications 61/105,847 (filed Oct. 16, 2008), 61/152,631 (filed Feb. 13, 2009) and 61/175,536 (filed May 5, 2009). The contents and disclosures of each of these prior provisional applications are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

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This invention relates to methods and compositions for treating age-related cognitive impairment. In particular, it relates to the use of inhibitors of synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2A (SV2A) in treating age-related cognitive impairment in a subject in need or at risk thereof, including, without limitation, subjects having or at risk for Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), Age-Associated Memory Impairment (AAMI) or Age Related Cognitive Decline (ARCD).

BACKGROUND

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OF THE INVENTION

Cognitive ability may decline as a normal consequence of aging. Moreover, a significant population of elderly adults experiences a decline in cognitive ability that exceeds what is typical in normal aging.

Such age-related loss of cognitive function is characterized clinically by progressive loss of memory, cognition, reasoning, and judgment. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), Age-Associated Memory Impairment (AAMI), Age-Related Cognitive Decline (ARCD) or similar clinical groupings are among those related to such age-related loss of cognitive function. According to some estimates, there are more than 16 million people with AAMI in the U.S. alone (Barker et al., 1995), and MCI is estimated to affect 5.5-7 million in the U.S. over the age of 65 (Plassman et al., 2008) There is, therefore, a need for effective treatment for age-related cognitive impairment and to improve cognitive function in patients diagnosed with MCI, AAMI, ARCD and similar age-associated cognitive impairments or at risk of developing them.

SUMMARY

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OF THE INVENTION

In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for treating age-related cognitive impairment in a subject in need or at risk thereof, the method comprising the step of administering to said subject a therapeutically effective amount of a synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A) inhibitor or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In certain embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor is selected from the group of SV2A inhibitors referred to in International Patent Application WO 2001/062726, International Patent Application WO 2002/094787, International Patent Application WO 2004/087658, U.S. Pat. No. 7,244,747, International Patent Application WO 2007/065595, US Patent Application 2008/0081832, International Patent Application WO 2006/128692, International Patent Application WO 2006/128693, UK Patent No. 1,039,113, and UK Patent No. 1,309,692. In certain embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor is selected from the group of levetiracetam, brivaracetam, and seletracetam or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof. In certain embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a dose of about 0.1 to 5 mg/kg, or about 1 to 2 mg/kg, or about 0.1 to 0.2 mg/kg, or about 0.01 to 2.5 mg/kg, or about 0.1-2.5 mg/kg, or about 0.4-2.5 mg/kg, or about 0.6-1.8 mg/kg, or about 0.04-2.5 mg/kg or about 0.06-1.8 mg/kg.

In accordance with a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for treating age-related cognitive impairment in a subject in need or at risk thereof, the method comprising the step of administering to said subject an SV2A inhibitor or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof in combination with valproate or an analog or a derivative or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In certain embodiments of the invention, valproate is administered at a daily dose such that the subject maintains a blood total valproate level of 0.5 to 5 μg/ml plasma, and the SV2A inhibitor is administered at a daily dose of is 0.01 to 1 mg/kg. In certain embodiments of the invention, valproate is administered at a daily dose such that the subject maintains a blood total valproate level of 0.5 to 5 μg/ml plasma, and the SV2A inhibitor is administered at a daily dose of 0.001 to 1 mg/kg. In certain embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor is selected from the group of SV2A inhibitors referred to in International Patent Application WO 2001/062726, International Patent Application WO 2002/094787, International Patent Application WO 2004/087658, U.S. Pat. No. 7,244,747, International Patent Application WO 2007/065595, US Patent Application 2008/0081832, International Patent Application WO 2006/128692, International Patent Application WO 2006/128693, UK Patent No. 1,039,113, and UK Patent No. 1,309,692. In certain embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor is selected from the group of levetiracetam, brivaracetam, and seletracetam or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof. In certain embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and valproate or an analog or a derivative or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof are administered simultaneously, sequentially, or as a single formulation.

In accordance with a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pharmaceutical composition for improving cognitive function in a subject with age-related cognitive impairment or at risk thereof, the composition comprising a SV2A inhibitor or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In certain embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor is present in an amount of 5-140 mg. In other embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor is present in an amount of 0.7-180 mg.

In accordance with a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pharmaceutical composition for improving cognitive function in a subject with age-related cognitive impairment or at risk thereof, the composition comprising a SV2A inhibitor or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and valproate or an analog or a derivative or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In certain embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor is present in an amount of 3-50 mg. In other embodiments of the invention, the SV2A inhibitor is present in an amount of 0.07-50 mg.

In accordance with a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for treating age-related cognitive impairment in a subject in need or at risk thereof, the method comprising the step of administering to said subject a therapeutically effective amount of levetiracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In certain embodiments of the invention, levetiracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 1-2 mg/kg. In certain embodiments of the invention, levetiracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 70-150 mg. In some embodiments of the invention, levetiracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 0.1-2.5 mg/kg. In some embodiments of the invention, levetiracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 7-180 mg. In some embodiments of the invention, levetiracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 0.4-2.5 mg/kg. In some embodiments of the invention, levetiracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 25-180 mg. In some embodiments of the invention, levetiracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 0.6-1.8 mg/kg. In some embodiments of the invention, levetiracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 40-130 mg.

In accordance with a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for treating age-related cognitive impairment in a subject in need or at risk thereof, the method comprising the step of administering to said subject a therapeutically effective amount of brivaracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In certain embodiments of the invention, brivaracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 0.1-0.2 mg/kg. In certain embodiments of the invention, brivaracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 7-15 mg. In some embodiments of the invention, brivaracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 0.01-2.5 mg/kg. In some embodiments of the invention, brivaracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 0.7-180 mg. In some embodiments of the invention, brivaracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 0.04-2.5 mg/kg. In some embodiments of the invention, brivaracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 2.5-180 mg. In some embodiments of the invention, brivaracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 0.06-1.8 mg/kg. In some embodiments of the invention, brivaracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is administered every 12 or 24 hours at a daily dose of about 4-130 mg.

In accordance with a seventh aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for treating age-related cognitive impairment in a subject in need or at risk thereof, the method comprising the step of administering to said subject a therapeutically effective amount of seletracetam or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

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FIG. 1 depicts increased mRNA expression of the gene encoding SV2A in the dentate gyms of the hippocampus of aged-impaired rats (AI) as compared to young rats (Y) and aged-unimpaired rats (AU). Normalized Affymetrix GeneChip probe set signal values (Y-axis), as a measure of mRNA expression, are plotted against learning indices of different rats, as a measure of cognitive impairment.

FIG. 2 depicts the effects of administering levetiracetam on the spatial memory retention of six aged-impaired rats (AI) in a Morris Water Maze (MWM) test. Three treatment conditions were employed: vehicle control, levetiracetam (5 mg/kg/day) and levetiracetam (10 mg/kg/day). The AI rats were trained for two consecutive days, with a one-time treatment prior to the training trials per day. 24 hours later, the AI rats were tested. The time the AI rats, 24 hours after treatment with the different conditions and two days of training, spent swimming in the target quadrant or the target annulus in a memory retention trial is used as a measure of spatial memory retention. The target quadrant refers to the quadrant of the maze (which is a circular pool) where the escape platform is placed during the training trials. The target annulus refers to the exact location of the escape platform during the training trials.

FIG. 3 depicts the effects of administering levetiracetam on the spatial memory retention of ten aged-impaired rats (AI) in an eight-arm Radial Arm Maze (RAM) test. Six treatment conditions were employed: vehicle control, levetiracetam (1.25 mg/kg/day), levetiracetam (2.5 mg/kg/day), levetiracetam (5 mg/kg/day), levetiracetam (10 mg/kg/day) and levetiracetam (20 mg/kg/day). In the RAM task used, there was a one-hour delay between presentation of a subset of arms (5 arms available and 3 arms blocked) and completion of the eight-arm win-shift task (eight arms available). Rats were pre-treated 30-40 minutes before daily trials with a one-time drug/control treatment. The number of errors made by the rats after the delay was used as a measure of spatial memory retention. Errors were defined as instances when rats entered an arm from which food had already been retrieved in the pre-delay component of the trial or when rats re-visited an arm in the post-delay session that had already been visited. Paired t-tests were used to compare the number of errors between different doses of levetiracetam and vehicle control.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

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OF THE INVENTION

Unless otherwise defined herein, scientific and technical terms used in this application shall have the meanings that are commonly understood by those of ordinary skill in the art. Generally, nomenclature used in connection with, and techniques of, cell and tissue culture, molecular biology, cell and cancer biology, neurobiology, neurochemistry, virology, immunology, microbiology, pharmacology, genetics and protein and nucleic acid chemistry, described herein, are those well known and commonly used in the art.

The methods and techniques of the present invention are generally performed, unless otherwise indicated, according to conventional methods well known in the art and as described in various general and more specific references that are cited and discussed throughout this specification. See, e.g. “Principles of Neural Science”, McGraw-Hill Medical, New York, N.Y. (2000); Motulsky, “Intuitive Biostatistics”, Oxford University Press, Inc. (1995); Lodish et al., “Molecular Cell Biology, 4th ed.”, W. H. Freeman & Co., New York (2000); Griffiths et al., “Introduction to Genetic Analysis, 7th ed.”, W. H. Freeman & Co., N.Y. (1999); Gilbert et al., “Developmental Biology, 6th ed.”, Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Mass. (2000).

Chemistry terms used herein are used according to conventional usage in the art, as exemplified by “The McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical Terms”, Parker S., Ed., McGraw-Hill, San Francisco, C.A. (1985).

All of the above, and any other publications, patents and published patent applications referred to in this application are specifically incorporated by reference herein. In case of conflict, the present specification, including its specific definitions, will control.

Throughout this specification, the word “comprise” or variations such as “comprises” or “comprising” will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated integer (or components) or group of integers (or components), but not the exclusion of any other integer (or components) or group of integers (or components).

The singular forms “a,” “an,” and “the” include the plurals unless the context clearly dictates otherwise.

The term “including” is used to mean “including but not limited to”. “Including” and “including but not limited to” are used interchangeably.

The term “agent” is used herein to denote a chemical compound (such as an organic or inorganic compound, a mixture of chemical compounds), a biological macromolecule (such as a nucleic acid, an antibody, including parts thereof as well as humanized, chimeric and human antibodies and monoclonal antibodies, a protein or portion thereof, e.g., a peptide, a lipid, a carbohydrate), or an extract made from biological materials such as bacteria, plants, fungi, or animal (particularly mammalian) cells or tissues. Agents include, for example, agents which are known with respect to structure, and those which are not known with respect to structure. The SV2A inhibitory activity of such agents may render them suitable as “therapeutic agents” in the methods and compositions of this invention.

A “patient”, “subject”, or “individual” are used interchangeably and refer to either a human or a non-human animal. These terms include mammals, such as humans, primates, livestock animals (including bovines, porcines, etc.), companion animals (e.g., canines, felines, etc.) and rodents (e.g., mice and rats).

“Cognitive function” or “cognitive status” refers to any higher order intellectual brain process or brain state, respectively, involved in learning and/or memory including, but not limited to, attention, information acquisition, information processing, working memory, short-term memory, long-term memory, anterograde memory, retrograde memory, memory retrieval, discrimination learning, decision-making, inhibitory response control, attentional set-shifting, delayed reinforcement learning, reversal learning, the temporal integration of voluntary behavior, and expressing an interest in one\'s surroundings and self-care.

In humans, cognitive function may be measured, for example and without limitation, by the clinical global impression of change scale (CIBIC-plus scale); the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE); the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI); the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR); the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) or the Sandoz Clinical Assessment-Geriatric (SCAG). See Folstein et al., J Psychiatric Res 12: 189-98, (1975); Robbins et al., Dementia 5: 266-81, (1994); Rey, L\'examen clinique en psychologie, (1964); Kluger et al., J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 12:168-79, (1999).




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stats Patent Info
Application #
US 20100099735 A1
Publish Date
04/22/2010
Document #
File Date
12/31/1969
USPTO Class
Other USPTO Classes
International Class
/
Drawings
0


Etiracetam Memory Impairment Mild Cognitive Impairment Seletracetam Vesicle

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Drug, Bio-affecting And Body Treating Compositions   Designated Organic Active Ingredient Containing (doai)   Heterocyclic Carbon Compounds Containing A Hetero Ring Having Chalcogen (i.e., O,s,se Or Te) Or Nitrogen As The Only Ring Hetero Atoms Doai   Five-membered Hetero Ring Containing At Least One Nitrogen Ring Atom (e.g., 1,2,3-triazoles, Etc.)   The Five-membered Hetero Ring Consists Of One Nitrogen And Four Carbons   C=x Bonded Directly To The Five-membered Hetero Ring By Nonionic Bonding (x Is Chalcogen)  

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20100422|20100099735|methods and compositions for improving cognitive function|This invention relates to treating age-related cognitive impairment. This invention in particular relates to the use of inhibitors of synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A), such as levetiracetam, seletracetam, and brivaracetam, in improving cognitive function in subjects that exhibit age-related cognitive impairment or are at risk thereof, including, without limitation, subjects |
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